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Round Table Conferences failed-another cause of disruption of subcontinent

1st Round Table Conference

The first Round Table Conference which was held in London in 1930 included the Muslim League, the Liberals and the Princes of the Princely States. The Congress did not attend the conference and started the non-cooperation movement. As it was the largest body of India which represent the whole of India no big decisions were made.

The Hindu representatives returned and asked Gandhi to stop the non-cooperation movement and join the next Round Table Conference. He signed the Irwin Gandhi Pact according to which Irwin agreed to release the prisoners while Gandhi agreed to stop the movement.

2nd Round Table Conference

The second Round Table Conference was held in 1931however it failed as Gandhi gave a hard line against the minorities and initiated the whole problem. This resulted in the lost of power of local bodies as well. The British government threatened to pass the act if no solution is reached within few weeks.

Jinnah sitting in front and listening to the views.

Jinnah sitting in front and listening to the views.

A number of representatives from Congress and Muslim League are listening to the proceedings

A number of representatives from Congress and Muslim League are listening to the proceedings

Third Round Table Conference

So to solve the problem in 1932, the final round of discussion started. Lord Irwin was replaced by Lord Wellington who was not ready to listen to the people and wanted everyone to follow whatever he says. Jinnah was not even invited. Before the conference Ramsay McDonald announced the Communal Award which was surely a huge mistake in its own. It declared Muslim majority in Hindu majority areas while Muslim minority in Muslim majority areas.

The Congress clearly was outraged and boycotted it. the Muslims however were weak and at least it was giving them something so they accepted.

These reasons were behind its failure.


Tim Truzy from U.S.A. on April 21, 2020:

Interesting. I never knew about this part of India's struggles. Thanks.

Muhammad on April 17, 2020:

Kindly include the conclusion of all them.

NA the great (author) on March 24, 2020:

Hope to keep up the good work

Scroll to Continue

ahsan on February 24, 2020:

ah well mrs nazias homework just became so much easier

Adil Bilal on April 28, 2019:

Thank you so much it really helped for history test

HINA MALIK on July 22, 2018:

oh noo.. i required the reasons for failure of conferences. 2nd and 3rd are oky but what about 1st conference.? what was the biggest failure in 1st?

Suna pactace on November 29, 2017:

Very good keep it up

Well done !

Very nice from my point of view it is to the point answer and very well teached to us

I Thank you

Masood on November 26, 2017:

This is not correct answer .

I need answer of why round table conferences fail in reaching a constitutional settlement?

I need correct answer but with writers point of view it is correct

I think.......!

I’ll be waiting for my question answer .

Unknown on May 26, 2014:

This is not a right answer in our history book there is written something else

NA the great (author) on April 15, 2014:

thank you all for your suggestions. The primary motive was to highlight the fact that even the Great Britain which was the biggest colonial system at that time failed to reach any conclusive solution in the 3 round table conferences.

Abdullah Abrar on April 11, 2014:

Gud info but still more needed

Jasim on April 01, 2014:

The answer is not like an answer it is like what happened at or in the round table conferences.

victoria on March 01, 2014:

i want failures and success plzzzz................

vz on March 01, 2014:

very nice giooooood best

ifrah iftikhar3 on January 21, 2014:


Laira Blackword on December 02, 2013:

Please include more information to this website to improve comments and rating.. I do not think that this is up to the requirement for any student or teacher

request on November 14, 2013:

i'll appreciate if you provide us with its importance also

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