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26 January - Republic Day of India

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26 January - Republic Day of India

January 26 is said to be one of the golden days in India's history.

The British government ruled for nearly 200 years. India gained independence on August 15, 1947, after many movements and the martyrdom of many fighters.

Realising the need for a constitution to run the country properly after independence, M. N. Roy first demanded a constituent assembly in 1934. Again in 1935 the Indian National Congress officially demanded the Constituent Assembly.

The demands for the Constituent Assembly in 1940 were accepted by the British government which is also known as the August Offer.

The Constituent Assembly was formed in November 1946 based on the Cabinet Mission Plan and the first meeting (meeting) was held on December 9, 1946. Dr. Sachidanand Sinha was elected as the temporary President of the Assembly. Later Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the President of the Constituent Assembly.

Finally, the Constitution Assembly of India was written at the end of 11 sessions and 2 years, 11 months, and 18 days.

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The Constitution was adopted on 26 November 1949 with a Preamble, 395 Articles, and 8 Schedules.

The National Anthem and National Song were adopted on January 24, 1950. On this day, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the first President of India.

The Constitution was enforced throughout India on 26 January 1950 for which this day is celebrated as Republic Day.

The Constitution was completed on November 26, 1949, but the reason for taking the special day of January 26, 1950, to enforce it was that this day in 1930 was celebrated as Purna Swaraj Day after the resolution of the Lahore session of the Indian National Congress.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2022 Debashis Baruah

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