You probably have a fair notion of what actually occurs in prison if you've seen Shawshank Redemption. Every prison typically has a full social hierarchy. So to speak, the people at the bottom suffer the most. Assaults on both the guards and the detainees, as well as murder and rape, are common. Furthermore, dishonest compliance ensures that the process is left unregulated.
There are, however, some prisons that look like the most bleak and depressing hell holes you can imagine rather than traditional prisons.
Here are the top ten most dangerous prisons on earth.
10. Bong Kwang Central Prison Bangkok
The Bong Kwang Central Prison in Bangkok, Thailand, is sometimes mockingly called the Bangkok Hilton. For individuals who got the death penalty as well as 25-year sentences to life, the jail was constructed between 1927 and 1931. It's one of the most infamous jails in the entire world, according to prison history. Leg irons used to be required for the first three months of incarceration, which severely restricted mobility and was very uncomfortable. Inmates who were given death sentences had to wear leg irons throughout their entire period of detention until they were executed.
Shackles were no longer used in 2013, but it's been said that some notorious and aggressive inmates are still wearing leg irons. They all receive a daily bowl of rice and veggies, but because there is a class structure in place, convicts who want more must have the money to buy it. As a result, wealthier inmates do much better than their less fortunate compatriots.
9. Black Dolphin Prison Russia
Home to some of Russia's most heinous offenders, including pedophiles, terrorists, rapists, and serial murders. Inmates are moved between buildings at Black Dolphin Prison in Russia by guards bending over, grabbing their hands behind their backs, and blindfolding them to prevent them from plotting an escape or attacking the guards. In addition to not being able to lie down or sit on their bunks for the entire 16 hours of wake time, prisoners at Black Dolphin Prison are only permitted 90 minutes of physical activity each day, making it one of the 25 most dangerous jails in the world.
8. Guantanamo Bay Cuba
The Guantánamo Bay Detention Camp, often known as Gitmo, is a U.S. prison on the Guantánamo Bay Naval Base, which is situated on the coast of Guantánamo Bay in southeast Cuba. The Guantánamo Bay detention camp (commonly referred to as Gitmo, which is also the name of the naval station) was built in phases beginning in 2002 and housed Muslim militants and suspected terrorists apprehended by American forces in Afghanistan, Iraq, and other places.
Early in 2002, the camp started to take in suspected members of al-Qaeda, the terrorist group that carried out the September 11 attacks, as well as fighters for the Taliban, the Islamic fundamentalist group that ruled Afghanistan (1996–2001) and provided safe haven for al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden and his adherents.
Guantanamo Bay has drawn heavy criticism for imprisoning people without charge or due process as well as for routinely torturing detainees. In Guantanamo Bay, there have been several instances of suicides and suicide attempts. Detainees have engaged in hunger strikes as a form of protest against indefinite incarceration, but they were also force-fed through nasal and rectal feeding, which is against human rights.
7. Ciudad Barrios Prison El Salvador
El Salvador's Ciudad Barrios Prison has only ever held members of the ms-13 gang, also known as the mara salvatrucha. Without a question, the jail is one of the most dangerous in the nation, with the convicts acting as its rulers since they are such ruthless people that even the prison staff is afraid to cross them. The prison population operates its own bakery and medical facilities. They frequently engage in fights in which many of the less fortunate are beaten to death and are highly tattooed with gang symbols.
6. Maracaibo National Prison Venezuela
The 1856-built Sabaneto is situated in the Venezuelan state of Zulia's Maracaibo. In the 1994 brawl between prisoner gangs that resulted in a massive fire, over 100 people were killed.
It was run by the Venezuelan Ministry of Prison Systems from 1958 until it was shut down in 2013 as a result of a fatal occurrence.
Spunk Library claims that although the building was designed to hold up to 800 people, it once held between 2500 and 3000. estimations from the Ministry of Justice and national guard. The prison regularly holds inmates for protracted periods of time without finding them guilty. Some prisoners spend years behind bars before having their day in court, despite the fact that they are meant to have trials within eight months of their arrest.
The convicts' children made up nearly 200 of the population.
The former prison, which is located in the city of Maracaibo, is currently being converted into a museum so that visitors may go and learn about the historically corrupt operation of prison systems.
5. La Modelo Colombia
Colombia's Bogota is the home of La Modelo. The prison has two wings: the right-wing government loyalists are housed in the south, while the left-wing rebels are kept in the north. The killings take place on the battlefield in the area between the wings. A rebellion broke out at the prison in March 2020 as a result of worries about the COVID-19 virus spreading. 23 people died and 83 people were hurt in that riot.
4. Carandiru penitentiary Brazil
Carandiru penitentiary is known for its human rights violations. It was built in 1890 and became so overcrowded in 20th century that the prison created their own rules and took over command from the small number of guards who were employed there. According to the prison history, at one point the facility held 8000 inmates who were often malnourished and received insufficient medical care many had transmittable diseases that spread through the prison population. A 1992 prison riot resulted in 111 death. Military police intervened and killed the inmates even those who surrendered.
The Brazilian people was outraged at how this issue was handled, and the operation's commanding officer, Colonel Ubiratan Guimares, was swiftly given a 632-year prison sentence. He was liberated after multiple mistrials only to be killed in 2006 after returning to freedom.
After renowned Brazilian physician Drauzio Varella authored a book on his 12 year stint as a volunteer medical, the public first learned about circumstances inside this Carandiruprison (1989 to 2001). His story gained widespread attention, and Hector Babeco's critically acclaimed film "Carandigu" was made from its adaptation. Large-scale public uproar prompted by this book's and movie's pressure ultimately resulted in the prison's demolition in 2002.
3. Mendoza Prison Argentina
Italian photographer Valerio Bispuri was permitted to enter pavilion 5 of the Mendoza Prison in Argentina in 2015 and captured what he observed there in photographs. According to the Guardian, authorities only let him enter after he signed documentation absolving them of any responsibility for his safety.
The most dangerous criminals in the country were said to reside in Pavillion 5. In order to protect themselves, guards would leave food in designated locations far away from the inmates. Because of the horrible conditions at the facility, the convicts left Bispuri alone because they wanted him to publish pictures that would expose how bad it was. The photographer's gamble was profitable. Not long after the pictures were made public, Pavillion 5 was shutdown.
2. Camp 22 North Korea
Hundreds of thousands of prisoners are housed in North Korea's infamous prison camps. According to an insider, the locations have been compared to Nazi concentration camps. One worry is that outsiders have limited knowledge of what occurs in these camps. Information regarding the conditions within has only been made available by a small number of escapees and former guards.
Up to 200,000 North Korean citizens are supposedly residing in these camps after going missing. Free Korea claims that Camp 22 is one of the largest and scariest in the nation, Although there are no photographs from within the camps, satellite imagery and some allegedly created by a defector (the provenance of these images is unknown) graphics provide a glimpse of the terror inside.
According to former guards and survivors interviewed by human rights researcher David Hawk, a person entering a detention facility will probably pass away or become disabled within three months.
Former detainees claim that due to the brutality of life, 20 to 25 percent of prisoners pass away every year.
Shin Dong-hyuk was born in one camp and spent 23 years there before managing to flee.
There haven't been many successful escapes. This is so that everyone in the prison may witness the execution of anyone who attempts, plans, or has information of an escape.
1. Gitarama Prison Rwanda
One of the worst prisons on earth is Gitarama Prison in Rwanda. According to Zee News, even though it was designed to house 600 inmates, it now holds up to 6000–7000 people. People are frequently forced to stand due to the extreme crowding because there is nowhere to sit or lie down. Because of the poor living conditions, prisoners frequently engage in fights to the death. To make matters worse, there are reports of prisoners consuming the bodies of the dead in order to survive.
According to reports, up to eight convicts each day pass away at the facility. Many also struggled with gangrene, a bacterial illness that kills tissue and can result in the loss of fingers, toes, and other appendages. According to San Quentin news, the institution smells so horrible you can smell it from half a mile away, and the inmates have to cope with feces on the floor. Inmates at gitarama die from sickness or violence one out of every eight times.
In 1995, more than 1,000 detainees were reported to have died inside the jail, while there were further reports of rotting limbs due to a lack of medical care and unhygienic beds.
Sir Jeremy Hamley, a former secretary of state for foreign and Commonwealth affairs, disclosed: "The majority of the deaths in the 13 Rwandan prisons, according to the International Committee of the Red Cross, were due to health issues brought on by overcrowding. These were prevalent in Gitarama."
Many of the prisoners in Gitarama were reportedly suspected of participating in the atrocities committed during the Rwandan genocide, which resulted in the ruthless killing of up to 800,000 people in 1994 over the course of about 100 days.