Precy enjoys helping others learn to speak and appreciate the Filipino language. She also speaks Ilocano.
Ilocano is the third most spoken native Philippine language or dialect (as some prefers calling Ilocano and other regional languages as dialect). Being one of the eight considered major languages in the Philippines, it isn't uncommon for words to exist in two or more of these regional languages. And while the words sound exactly alike with most spelled just as the same, the words are totally different in regards of meaning.
Although these words may sound exactly the same, chances are one conveys another meaning. It may be a good ice breaker turning a dull moment to a lively fun conversation while learning what the word means but being unaware, it can also turn a good conversation into a confusing one.
With Filipino/Tagalog and Ilocano both spoken at home, I can tell you indeed it can get confusing at times. By experience and jotting down these words, I have came up with 15 words that exist both in Ilocano and Tagalog, most of them sharing the same pronunciation. And yes, these Ilocano words can confuse Filipino/Tagalog speakers. Let's get on the list and find out what these words mean in Ilocano.
An Ilocano word that wouldn't fail to make a Tagalog/Filipino speaker wonder and think about something else when hearing this. That is, if they have no clue that the speaker means something else. Utong is your Ilocano word for long beans, a common vegetable in Filipino dishes and often one of the ingredients on the Ilocano dish dinengdeng as well as pinakbet.
But with Filipino speakers, utong doesn't mean long beans but it is part of the body - utong (nipple).
Tawa isn't your laughter in Filipino if that is what you have in mind. Hearing an Ilocano speaker mentioning or saying the word, chances are he/she is referring to a window.
Umay has something to do with going to one place from another, to come closer.
Sharing the same spelling with the Tagalog word umay, that means getting tired of eating the same food or oversatiation, it can be confused as well to mean just that. Think of the word umay as the counterpart of the Filipino word punta.
Word Pronunciation - Umay
This word may deceive Filipino/Tagalog speakers by assuming bigat has something to do with weight. Well, it isn't, as this means the day after today. Tomorrow. It is also used to mean morning. Naimbag nga bigat. (Good morning).
Just relying on reading this Ilocano word, no doubt you'll be confused assuming the word saka means and. Saka means exactly what's in the photo - feet. Pronunciation differs though with the Filipino word saka which means and, so hearing that is a good clue that the word means something else.
Sabong doesn't mean cockfight if this makes you imagine roosters and cockfight. In Filipino, yes. But sabong here refers to something delicate and lovely growing in your garden - flowers. Sabong is an Ilocano word that means flower. So next time a co-worker says 'Napintas dagitoy sabong,' you'll know she's referring to the beautiful flowers and not to a cockfight.
In case you heard someone talking and mentioning this word where it somehow doesn't make sense, that is most likely because it is used to give a negative response. Saan in Ilocano means no. A word that can be easily confused with the Filipino word saan which means where. A variant of this you probably already know or heard as well, or maybe you would prefer using haan.
An Ilocano word that can make you chuckle if you get the luck of hearing or being told how big an utut is. But it isn't the intestinal gas you have in mind. Although this word may share the same way the word is pronounced with the Filipino word utot that means fart, utut here means something else - rat.
A word that refers to the male genital in Filipino and unsuspecting non-Ilocano speakers may think just as that. This Ilocano word is often used with intensifiers that you've probably heard. Nagbayag means 'taking too long.' Something that sure will come in handy to say for someone who is taking too long.
No it isn't referring to the sweet cone-shaped wafer where you put ice cream in called apa in Filipino/Tagalog. This Ilocano word means quarrel, brawl or fight. The Filipino word for this is away just in case you're wondering.
Sala is your Ilocano word to remember if you're into dancing as for sure this will come in handy. Kayat mo nga agsala? (Do you want to dance)?
This word isn't referring to a guy that can't express his feelings for the girl he likes, the Filipino word torpe. Torpe here means something else in Ilocano - rude.
Another one to add in this list of confusing Ilocano words is the word ayan. No doubt it can confuse anyone as well. Hearing someone say 'Ayan na' could be easily taken to mean 'There it is' or 'Here she/he comes' as it is easy to assume this is Tagalog. Ayan is an Ilocano word that means where.
Be polite by addressing an older sister or a lady cousin the title in Ilocano reserved for an older sibling, by addressing her manang. Manang is the Ilocano counterpart of the Filipino ate which is a title of respect given to an older sister.
Curious as to what Filipino word this shares pronunciation with, that would be manang which means a woman who dresses up the old fashion way.
This word has nothing to do with renting or leasing but is something you are familiar with specially if you're into raising chickens. Upa is the Ilocano word for hen.
Alexander James Guckenberger from Maryland, United States of America on September 04, 2018:
It confuses some people when I try to explain that Filipino is considered by some people to be a dialect of Tagalog. I haven't tried to learn Ilocano yet. Maybe I should. :)