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Business and Finance 101 - Expanded Dictionary of Terms

Business Accounting Basics

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When it comes to business accounting, there are a few important things to understand. The first is that business accounting is not the same as personal accounting. There are unique aspects to business accounting that you need to be aware of if you're running or planning to start a business.

One important thing to keep in mind is that businesses can take advantage of tax breaks that individuals cannot. For example, businesses can deduct certain expenses from their taxable income, which can lower their tax bill. This includes everything from business loans to office supplies.

Another important aspect of business accounting is understanding your debt-to-equity ratio. This measures how much debt your business has compared to its equity, or net worth. A high debt-to-equity ratio can be risky, so it's important to keep an eye on it and make sure your business can afford to pay back its debts.

By understanding these key concepts, you'll be better equipped to manage the financial side of your business.

Commercial Real Estate

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There are a few different types of real estate that businesses can invest in. The most common is commercial property, which is property that's used for business purposes. This can include everything from office buildings to retail stores.

Commercial real estate is a type of property that is used for business purposes. This can include office buildings, retail stores, and industrial facilities. Commercial real estate can be a great investment, as it typically offers higher returns than residential properties.

There are several things to consider when investing in commercial real estate. One of the most important is the location of the property. It's important to choose a location that is in demand by businesses, as this will help to ensure that the property will be rented out quickly and at a high rate.

Another thing to consider is the cost of owning and operating the property. There are a number of expenses associated with commercial real estate, including property taxes, insurance, and maintenance costs. It's important to factor these costs into your calculations when deciding whether or not to invest in a particular property.

Industrial and Investment Real Estate Properties

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Industrial Properties

Another popular type of real estate for businesses is industrial property. This is property that's used for manufacturing or storing goods. It can include factories, warehouses, and distribution centers.

Industrial property investing can be a great way to secure a steady return on your investment. By understanding the different types of industrial properties available and the associated risks, you can make an informed decision about where to invest your money.

There are four main types of industrial properties:

  • manufacturing
  • warehouse
  • office
  • retail

Each type of industrial property has its own unique benefits and risks. For example, warehouses are typically more secure and have lower vacancy rates than other types of industrial properties, but they may also be less profitable.

It's important to do your research before investing in industrial property. Talk to other investors, brokers, and developers in order to get a good understanding of the market and what to expect.

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Investment Properties

Investment properties can be a great investment for your portfolio. They can provide you with stable income and appreciation potential, while also offering tax breaks and other benefits. However, it's important to do your homework before investing in any property.

First, make sure you understand the market in which you're investing. Is the area growing or declining? What are the prospects for future growth? You'll also want to research the various types of investment properties available and figure out which one best suits your needs.

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Once you've narrowed it down, be sure to have a realistic idea of what the property is worth and what you can afford. Don't over-extend yourself financially just to invest in a property. And finally, always consult with a real estate professional to get expert advice and guidance throughout the process.

Finally, there are also investment properties. These are properties that are purchased with the intention of reselling them for a profit. They can include everything from single-family homes to apartment buildings.

Each of these types of real estate has its own benefits and drawbacks, so it's important to do your research before making a decision.

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CRE - Commercial Real Estate Investing Options

There are many ways to improve your commercial real estate investing. One way is to get familiar with the different types of financing available to you. There are business loans, real estate loans, and tax breaks available to you as a business owner. Another way to improve your commercial real estate investing is to become familiar with the different types of real estate investments available to you. You can invest in commercial property, industrial property, or retail property. Finally, understanding factoring can help improve your commercial real estate investing. Factoring is when a company sells its accounts receivable (the money it is owed by customers) to a third party for immediate cash. This can be a helpful tool when you need cash flow for your business but don't want to take out a loan.

Loan Option 1: Hard Money Loan

A hard money loan is a loan that is backed by real estate or some other asset. These loans are typically used by businesses to finance their operations, and they can be difficult to obtain because the lender is taking on more risk.

There are a few key things to know about hard money loans:

  • They are typically more expensive than traditional loans because the lender is taking on more risk.
  • They can be difficult to obtain because the lender is looking for collateral.
  • They can be used to finance businesses that may not qualify for traditional loans.

If you're thinking about taking out a hard money loan, it's important to understand the risks and costs involved. This type of loan can be a good option for businesses that need funding quickly, but it's important to make sure you shop around and compare offers before signing on the dotted line.

Loan Option 2: Bridge Loan

A bridge loan is a short-term loan that is used to cover a funding gap between the time when a business is seeking financing and when the financing is actually received. Bridge loans are typically used by businesses that are in the process of securing long-term financing, such as a loan from a bank or an equity investment from an investor.

Bridge loans can be a helpful way to keep your business running while you're waiting for other financing to come through. However, they can also be expensive, so it's important to shop around and compare rates before you borrow. And be sure to have a plan for how you will pay off the loan once you've secured the longer-term financing.

Loan Option 3: Working Capital Loan

Working capital loans are a type of loan designed to help businesses cover short-term expenses. These loans can be used to pay for things like inventory, payroll, or other short-term needs.

There are a number of different types of working capital loans available, and each one has its own benefits and drawbacks. Some of the most common types of working capital loans include:

1. Short-term loans: These are loans that are typically repaid within a year or less. They are a good option for businesses that need quick access to cash.

2. Line of credit: A line of credit is a type of loan that allows businesses to borrow money as needed. This can be a helpful option for businesses that have unpredictable expenses.

3. Accounts receivable financing: This type of loan is designed to help businesses who have difficulty accessing traditional financing. It allows businesses to borrow money against their outstanding invoices.

4. Invoice factoring: Invoice factoring is similar to accounts receivable financing, but it involves selling your invoices to a third party for immediate cash. This can be a helpful option for businesses who need cash quickly but don't want to give up ownership of their invoices.

5. Small business credit cards: Small business credit cards can be a good option for businesses that need access to cash but don't want to take out a loan. These cards typically offer low interest rates and can be used for things like inventory, payroll, or other short-term expenses.

When choosing a working capital loan, it's important to compare the different options and choose the one that best fits your needs. You should also consider the fees associated with each type of loan and the terms of repayment.

Working capital loans can be a helpful way for businesses to cover short-term expenses. However, it's important to compare the different types of loans available and choose the one that best fits your needs. Be sure to consider the fees and terms of repayment before you borrow.

Loan Option 4: Merchant Cash Advance

A merchant cash advance is a type of loan that is based on your future sales. With this type of loan, you receive a lump sum of cash up front and then repay the loan with a portion of your future sales.

Merchant cash advances can be a helpful option for businesses that need quick access to cash. However, they can be expensive, so it's important to compare offers and shop around before you borrow. Be sure to understand the terms of repayment and the fees involved before you sign on the dotted line.

Loan Option 5: Equipment Financing

If you're in need of new equipment, you may be able to finance it with a loan. Equipment financing is a type of loan that allows businesses to borrow money to purchase new equipment.

There are a number of different types of equipment loans available, and each one has its own benefits and drawbacks. Some of the most common types of equipment loans include:

  • Loans from manufacturers: Many manufacturers offer financing for their products. This can be a good option if you're looking to purchase equipment from a specific manufacturer.
  • Lease-to-own programs: These programs allow businesses to lease equipment with the option to purchase it at the end of the lease. This can be a good option if you're not sure you can afford to purchase the equipment outright or if you need the flexibility to return the equipment if it doesn't work out.
  • Bank loans: Bank loans are a good option for businesses that have good credit and are looking for a competitive interest rate.


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Bank loans can come in a variety of different forms, but all of them share one common goal: to help businesses grow and succeed. There are a few different types of bank loans that are particularly beneficial for small businesses.

The first type of bank loan is a term loan. A term loan is a loan that is repaid over a set period of time, typically between one and five years. This type of loan is ideal for businesses that need access to capital quickly in order to make a large purchase or expand their operations.

Another type of bank loan that small businesses may find useful is the line of credit. A line of credit is a loan that allows businesses to borrow money as needed, up to a certain limit. This type of loan can be helpful for businesses that have seasonal fluctuations in sales or need to finance a one-time purchase.

Finally, small businesses may want to consider an SBA loan. SBA loans are offered by the Small Business Administration, and they come with low interest rates and relaxed repayment terms. These loans can be used for a variety of purposes, including starting a business, buying equipment or real estate, or financing working capital.


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Federal SBA Loans

SBA loans: The Small Business Administration offers loans for businesses that may have difficulty qualifying for traditional financing.

The Small Business Administration (SBA) offers a variety of loans to help small businesses grow and succeed. The most common types of SBA loans are the 7(a) loan, the 504 loan, and the Community Advantage loan.

The 7(a) loan is the most popular SBA loan. It can be used for a wide variety of purposes, including starting or expanding a business, buying equipment or inventory, refinancing debt, or working capital. The 7(a) loan is available to businesses with up to $5 million in revenue.

The 504 loan is designed to help businesses buy real estate or equipment. The loan can be used for purchasing property, building or renovating a facility, purchasing equipment, or making other improvements to the business. The 504 loan is available to businesses with up to $10 million in revenue.

The Community Advantage loan is designed for small businesses that are located in underserved areas or have been affected by a natural disaster. The loan can be used for a variety of purposes, including starting or expanding a business, buying equipment or inventory, refinancing debt, or working capital. The Community Advantage loan is available to businesses with up to $5 million in revenue.

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Equipment Loans

Equipment rental: You may be able to rent the equipment you need instead of borrowing money to purchase it. This can be a good option if you only need the equipment for a short period of time or if you're not sure you can afford to purchase it outright.

When choosing an equipment loan, it's important to compare the different options and choose the one that best fits your needs.

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Loan Option 6: Acquisition Loan

Acquisition loans are a type of business loan that is used to finance the purchase of a business or assets. The loan is secured by the assets being purchased, and the terms of the loan are based on the value of those assets. Acquisition loans are typically used to purchase businesses with strong cash flows and good credit ratings.

There are many types of company mergers, but some of the most common are:

  • Horizontal merger: When two companies merge that produce similar products or services
  • Vertical merger: When two companies with complementary products or services merge
  • Conglomerate merger: When two companies from unrelated industries merge
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Loan Option 7: CMBS Loan (Commercial Mortgage-Backed Security)

Commercial mortgage-backed securities (CMBS) loans are a type of loan that is secured by a commercial property. CMBS loans are typically used for larger real estate purchases, such as purchasing an office building or shopping mall. There are both pros and cons to using a CMBS loan.

The pros of a CMBS loan include:

  • CMBS loans typically have lower interest rates than other types of real estate loans
  • The approval process is usually faster than for other types of loans

The cons of a CMBS loan include:

  • The down payment requirements are usually higher than for other types of loans
  • The terms of the loan are usually shorter than for other types of loans

Conduit loans are a type of business loan that are used to finance the purchase of real estate. These loans are typically used by small businesses, and they offer a number of benefits, including tax breaks and the ability to factor the loan into their business plan.

There are a number of different types of conduit loans, but the most common is the 7(a) loan. This loan is guaranteed by the Small Business Administration (SBA) and can be used for a variety of purposes, including the purchase of commercial real estate. The maximum loan amount for a 7(a) loan is $5 million, and the interest rates are generally lower than those for other types of loans.

Another type of conduit loan is the 504 loan, which is also guaranteed by the SBA. This loan can be used for the purchase of equipment or for renovations to an existing building. The maximum loan amount for a 504 loan is $5 million, and the interest rates are typically lower than those for other types of loans.

Conduit loans are an attractive option for small businesses because they offer a number of benefits, including tax breaks and the ability to factor the loan into their business plan. However, it is important to remember that these loans are still loans, and they should be repaid according to the terms of the loan agreement. Failure to do so could result in the loss of the property that was purchased with the loan.


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Crowdfunding

Crowdfunding is a newer way for businesses to get financing. They can pitch their idea or product on a crowdfunding platform and collect small donations from a large number of people. This can be a great way to get started, because it doesn't require the business to go into debt or give up equity in their company.

There are a variety of crowdfunding options available to businesses. The most popular platforms include Kickstarter and Indiegogo. These platforms allow businesses to pitch their product or idea and collect small donations from a large number of people. This can be a great way to get started, because it doesn't require the business to go into debt or give up equity in their company.

Another option is peer-to-peer lending. This is where businesses borrow money from individual investors. The investors receive interest on their loan, and the business can typically get a lower interest rate than they would from a bank.

Some businesses also use crowdfunding to raise money for real estate investments. They can do this by raising money from individuals to buy property, or by pooling money with other investors to purchase a larger property. This can be a great way to get started if you're not able to get a loan from a bank.

Finally, businesses can also use crowdfunding to raise money for other purposes, such as factoring or inventory financing. Factoring is when a business sells its accounts receivable to a third party in order to get cash immediately. Inventory financing is when a business takes out a loan in order to finance the purchase of inventory.

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Interested in Owning a Franchise?

When it comes to owning a franchise, one of the biggest benefits is the potential for tax breaks. Depending on the business, you may be able to write off a number of expenses including start-up costs, equipment, and even your monthly rent or mortgage. You'll need to speak with an accountant to see what's available to you, but having this information in mind can help you make a more informed decision about whether or not owning a franchise is the right choice for you.

Another big consideration when it comes to owning a franchise is financing. Many franchises require a significant down payment, so it's important to have a plan in place for how you'll pay for it. There are a number of different options for financing a franchise, including business loans, lines of credit, and even factoring. It's important to research your options and choose the one that best suits your needs.

Finally, real estate can be another important factor to consider when owning a franchise. Some franchises are located in prime locations that can command high rents, while others are located in less desirable areas. It's important to weigh the pros and cons of both before making a decision.

There are a number of popular franchises options available to business owners. Some of the most popular include McDonald's, Subway, and Starbucks. These franchises offer a number of benefits, including the ability to use the name and branding of the larger company, training and support from the franchisor, and access to resources like marketing materials and suppliers.

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Pros And Cons to Franchising

When it comes to owning a franchise, there are a number of pros and cons to consider. On the plus side, owning a franchise can offer tax breaks and access to resources like marketing materials and suppliers. Additionally, many franchises offer training and support from the franchisor. This can be helpful if you're new to business ownership.

However, there are also some downsides to owning a franchise. One of the biggest is the cost. Franchises often require a significant down payment, so it's important to have a plan in place for how you'll pay for it. Additionally, franchises are often located in prime locations that can command high rents. If you're not able to afford the rent, you may be forced to relocate or close your business.

Another downside is that you're limited in what you can do with the business. Franchises often have strict rules about what you can and cannot do, so it's important to make sure you're comfortable with those restrictions before signing on the dotted line.

Finally, it's important to remember that not all franchises are created equal. Some franchises are more successful than others, so do your research before making a decision. There are a number of resources available online, including Franchise Disclosure Documents and Franchise Grade, that can help you compare different franchises.


We certainly hope that this comprehensive run-through of business topics and finance is useful as a resource - thanks for taking the time to go through it.

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