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Leadership is one of the virtues of a manager. Department heads, executives, supervisors under whom people work, ought to have the potential to lead to make the subordinates follow them, their commands, orders, and direction. Thus leadership is a process of influencing a group. It is an essential part of a manager's profession. To inspire people to work for the achievement of given objectives, efficient leadership is vital. It provides a consistent force that holds the group together and develops a spirit of teamwork. Effective leadership is necessary for directing human efforts towards the fixed goals.
Meaning of Leadership
In simple words, leadership is the quality possessed by a person who leads a mass or group of people and follows his view, plan, and opinion. Once Napoleon Bonaparte said that there were never bad soldiers, only bad officers. This outlook reflects that leadership quality is significant for all kinds of organisations. Every organisation's achievement depends on the quality of leadership. Leadership is the process of influencing the behaviours of the people. Leaders are the moving spirit and guiding starts of motivation to their followers. A leader interprets the objectives of a business, then suggests the course of actions, and finally directs people to attain the set objectives. He looks for active support and acceptance of the employees in following the planned course of action. The subordinates of a successful leader are influenced by his behaviour and look and readily carry his desires and command.
According to Keith Davis, "Leadership is the capability to protect pleasing action from a group of followers willingly without the use of force."
To summarise, people tend to follow those in whom they see a means of gratifying their own goals, the more a manager understands, what inspires his subordinates and how these inspirations function, and the more he reflects this understanding in carrying out his executive actions, the more effective as a leader he is likely to be.
Need of Leadership
Why is there a need for leadership? Daniel Katz and Robert Kahn have given four reasons for it, which are as follows:
1) The incompleteness of formal organizational design
The formal organisation is generally incomplete and defective. Its wants are exposed when it is compared with 'real' informal organisation. The nervousness of the new worker to know from other members of his group, "how things are done" in contrast to the official way of doing things or a workers inclination to do only what is formally predetermined, no more no less, are instances of the deficiency of the formal organisation to deal with all types of situations without a leader.
2) Changing environment conditions
The technological, official, cultural and many other types of alternations require corresponding changes to be conveyed about in the administration by a leader.
3) The internal dynamics of the organisation
With the growth of an organisation complications are created in structure, new needs for coordination arise, and new policies are built. At the department level, internal dissimilarities create synchronization, judgment, and the resultant organizational change an extending need. Good leadership is needed to co-op up with these situation situations.
4) The nature of human membership in organisations
The nature of human membership in organisations are segmental which means that an organisation calls for only a partial involvement of a person. Other activities and affiliations load his other hours, make demands on his powers, gratify his desires. These extra organisational aspects of his life affect his demeanor in the administration which uses him. If this disturbs the organisation's required demeanor, it necessitates some kind of complementary and adaptive change inside the organisation. A foremost is required to introduce such changes.
© 2021 Abhishek Ojha