Controlling a complex organisation so as to achieve desired goals resulted in the evolution of the concept management. Management include all those people who are concerned with managing an organisation. It is a sum of organised activities by a group of people. Management involves decision making at various levels of organisation for getting things done by others. It is both science and as well as an art, because the fundamentals of management are the same everywhere but the practices differ.
Definition of Management
"To manage is to forecast and plan, to organise, to command, to co-ordinate and to control."
- Henry Fayol
"Management is a distinct process consisting of planning, organising, activating and controlling to determine and accomplish the objectives by the use of people and resources."
- G.R. Terry
"Management is the development of people and not the direction of things. Management is the personnel administration."
- Lawrence A. Apply
"Management is the art of getting things done through and with the people in formally organised groups."
- Horold Kanontz
"Management is simply the process of decision making and control over the action of human beings for the express purpose of attaining pre-determined goals."
- Stanley Vance
Functions of Management
George and Jerry explained four fundamental functions of management. According to them functions of management are planning, organizing, actuating and controlling.
POSDCORB is the key word used by Luther Gullick to explain the functions of management In POSDCORB; P stands for planning, O for organizing, S for staffing, D for directing, Co for co-ordination, R for reporting and B for budgeting.
Newman and Summer gave the managerial functions which include organizing, planning, reading and measuring and controlling.
Koontz and O’Donnel explained five functions of management. They have become widely accepted functions of management everywhere. They are planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling.
Recommended articles of Planning
Deciding in advance what to do, how to do, why to do, where to do and who will be responsible for doing is planning. Determination of the objectives of business, splitting of objectives into goals for each department of the organization and formulating policies, programs, procedures rules and regulations and budget are the important steps involved in planning. Read More...
Recommended articles of Organizing
Division of work into functions and sub-functions, grouping of activities that are closely related in their nature, assigning of duties and responsibilities to the employees and finally delegation of authority and power to each employee or the group to discharge their duties accordingly are the processes come under the function of management organizing. Read More...
Recommended articles of Directing
Communication, leadership and supervision and last but not the least motivation are the elements come under the function of management, directing. Directing is nothing but guiding and leading the people in an organization. It is not just giving instructions by a superior to the sub-ordinates but also is a process of supervising, guiding and motivating the latter to achieve the organizational goals. It is a complex function of management that ensures the employees work effectively and efficiently. Read More...
Recommended articles of Staffing
The process of making out, assessing, appointing, evaluating and developing the employees at work in an organization is staffing. In here the characteristics of a job are determined primarily. It is followed by ensuring of the right number of and kind of employees are placed at the right places and at the right time when organization is in need of them. Staffing function of management begins with notifying the vacancies in the organisation and selecting the best individuals as employees. Performance appraisal and manpower development are the other processes involved under staffing function of management. Read More...
Recommended articles of Controlling
It is the process that ensures whether the resources are obtained and used efficiently in achieving the organizational objectives. Controlling function of management is closely linked with the planning function because, it includes checking the performance of employees to see whether the planned performance is being achieved by them or not. Budgetary control, Inventory control, quality control, profit and loss control, Management audit, cost accounting and cost control, production control, financial control, break-even analysis and internal audit control are the important control devices of controlling techniques. Read More...
uwayo emmanuel on October 02, 2017:
thanks you for sharing
mustafiz on April 09, 2017:
just helpuful thanks
Priti on September 28, 2015:
It is really helpful for me...Thank you for sharing...
swarupa on September 20, 2015:
These are very useful my business .Thank you very much.
Rahul Gaikwad on August 22, 2015:
very helpfull and good function of mgt.
kartheek on August 21, 2015:
Pkease add co- ordination topic
Hena chaudhary on August 10, 2015:
It is very useful for me .
danielget on August 03, 2015:
this is good functions of mgt
dabay sani sulaiman on June 25, 2015:
lost but never fogortten................
Kibwage Ronald on June 14, 2015:
You have extensively exhausted under management and their principles, it makes us health who study management .Thanks and God bless you.
ronalyn on June 06, 2015:
Its good idea
Guliye on May 05, 2015:
Very helpful for anybody interested in management.Am now acquinted with management functions.Thanks
Amara on March 25, 2015:
Quite a good on of us didn't understand it before, glory be to God u came for rescue. I appreciate your effort in finding time for this, God bless u.
mayuri jain on December 26, 2014:
its really nice for students
Reena Dhiman on September 25, 2014:
You have extensively covered all important functions of management. I appreciate your in-depth knowledge on the subject.
Jyoti Kothari from Jaipur on September 18, 2014:
Well explained hub with several management principles. Related links are very useful. You seem to ne an expert in management.
Tanks and rated up! Rated useful and awesome.
ranjani on April 29, 2014:
thank u lot it is very use full for my exam
nikkita on October 03, 2013:
thank you for sharing
marjorie on December 08, 2012:
A managers need a nice heard
victoria on October 20, 2012:
it has been very helpful as i answer questions in my graduate school class exam
Michael Oloo on June 14, 2012:
Is staffing then seen as every managers responsibility? Any examples?
brandyBachmann on May 21, 2012:
Good and informative hub!
Kamalesh Chakraverty from Sahaganj, Dist. Hooghly, West Bengal, India on March 29, 2012:
Very nice hub, enjoyed it. It's useful and interesting.
Thank you for sharing. Voted Up. Best Wishes, Kamalesh
jacy albertson from Oviedo fl on March 10, 2012:
This is very good, helpful and well layed out. I'm not good at #5. I am if it's my own, but not someone elses. Guess that's why I've never managed. ; )Voting up and sharing.
Johnnyd44 from Florida on March 10, 2012:
Good breakdown of the elements. I appreciate your work and taking the time to share it.
Looking forward to reading more.
Aurelio Locsin from Orange County, CA on March 06, 2012:
A nice assessment at management. I'm not good at number 4, so doubt I'd be any kind of a manager. Voting this Up and Interesting.