Skip to main content

SOP Full-Form: What Are the Secrets of SOP That Experts Don't Want You to Know?

Umesh Kurmi is a semi-qualified Chartered Accountant from the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nepal with seven years of experience.


SOP Full-Form, SOP Document & Its Meaning

SOP stands for Standard Operating Procedure. A standard operating procedure (SOP) is a set of step-by-step rules or directives compiled by an organization to enable its employees and staff to accomplish the assigned everyday activities. SOPs are used by numerous sorts of businesses and organizations to ensure consistency in efficiency, quality results, and staff productivity. It reduces the potential for confusion and ensures that staff adheres to regulatory norms.

By imposing SOPs in the industry, reliability in various official tasks such as marketing, sales, account, customer support, and so on is increased. SOPs might shift starting with one industry and then onto the next relying upon the services given.

In smaller organizations, the CEO makes all major decisions about day-to-day business operations. In any case, as the organization develops, recorded SOPs are important to guarantee business progression. It serves as a reference guide for employees, assisting them in understanding the sequence of business methods and other associated activities.


SOP Examples

1. SOP in Hospital/Blood Bank

The goal of this Standard Operating Procedure is to ensure that blood is stored and distributed in an aseptic manner by qualified personnel.

2. SOP in COVID-19

This Standard Operating Practice is intended to decrease the risk of COVID transmission while also ensuring the safety of passengers, crewmembers, and airport staff.

3. SOP in Human Resource

The goal of this Standard Operating Procedure is to define the roles and responsibilities of the HR department's staff.

4. SOP in Blogging

The goal of this Standard Operating Procedure is to ensure that all of the processes involved in publishing a blog are meticulously followed.

5. SOP in Loans & Mortgages

The goal of this Standard Operating Procedure is to ensure that loans are issued to people only after thorough screening and that the applicant is informed of all terms and restrictions.


Types of SOPs

There are a few kinds and classes of SOPs; a couple of models are given beneath for your simplicity:

1. Fundamental SOPs:

These are the SOPs that outline how to construct SOPs in many categories.

2. Safety SOPs:

These SOPs are utilized to set up wellbeing measures.

3. Methodic SOPs:

Methodic SOPs define the investigation or testing technique in detail.


SOP Document Requirements

There are a couple of topics that ought not to be ignored while fostering an SOP, and a couple of them are recorded underneath:

  • The corporation or organization's operations and procedures should be detailed in its disclosures.
  • SOPs should be developed in such a way that they include all of the organization's internal structures for better comprehension.
  • SOPs should be written in plain language that even a novice can understand.
  • To properly manage time, all terms and conditions should be written down explicitly.
Scroll to Continue

How to Write SOP?

You might be wondering how to foster your SOP. Look at the steps and make an agenda of the accompanying things:

  • Demand that your management make a list of the obligations that your staff perform.
  • This is a vital stage since you should design the whole interaction. You can make a work process graph by beginning with a format. You must also consider if the SOP will be published online or offline.
  • It is now time to solicit input from employees on the template designs. Furthermore, before applying the process regularly, your personnel must grasp it.
  • Once you've received feedback, add the notes to your templates. Obtain input from the managers and thoroughly review the procedure. This stage also decides who will be in charge of putting your SOP into action.
  • Document your SOP and update it as needed. Standard Operating Procedure (SOP acronym) is a time-consuming process, but once completed, it will assist you in dealing with a variety of situations.
  • This level entails immersing your team in the SOP. Forcing your team to dive into the SOP is not a smart practice. During this stage, you can also make changes to your SOP to better fit your personnel. As a result, your new standard practice will be accepted by your personnel.

Key Questions That SOP Should Address

In the standard operating procedure, the following critical questions should be addressed:

  • Who takes on which roles?
  • What exactly does each role entail?
  • What is the objective or result of every individual's job?
  • Has everything that has to happen been thoroughly explained?

Why is SOP Required?

Procedures are not a panacea; they do not guarantee high performance or good results. SOPs, then again, will guarantee that you have a characterized quality framework and processes set up, as well as qualified specialists and motivating business ethics. SOPs, in their purest form, help the right people in the right place.

SOPs assist you in evaluating more than just what you're doing now, but also in deciding how to proceed. Suppose your company is scheduling to set up new document management software.

To pick what programming to get, you should initially foresee how your staff will utilize it. You will also analyze how it will impact your business processes. If you have detailed SOPs, you can use them to assess the new software's strengths and drawbacks. You will go with the best choice for your organization if you understand your present practices.

An SOP is a valuable business tool since it explains the proper approach to carrying out a task inside your organization. Standard Operating Procedures, at any rate, give you the accompanying:


The main justification for processes is to guarantee that an individual does a particular undertaking or movement consistently without fail. The more uniform a procedure is from person to person, the lower the likelihood of quality issues.

Error Free Tasks

A written document portrays an assortment of guidelines for doing a job. There is a superior chance of diminishing blunders if every colleague performs the job precisely as depicted.

Information Dissemination

One more significant justification behind having SOPs in your organization is to further develop correspondence. Whenever processes are improved, the working strategies are changed, and each redesign requires crisp preparation. Refreshing SOPs permit staff to be educated regarding process changes.


Advantages of SOPs

In reality, an SOP describes expected behaviors in all firms that have quality requirements. SOPs are critical in your small firm. SOPs are the policies, procedures, and standards required in your company's operations, marketing, and administration disciplines to assure success. These can result in:

  • Efficiencies and, subsequently, benefit
  • Production and service consistency and trustworthiness
  • Mistakes are decreased in all areas.
  • A technique for settling conflicts
  • A secure and healthy atmosphere
  • Employer protection in areas of potential liability and personnel issues
  • A road map for problem resolution – and the absence of emotion from troubleshooting – allows for the necessary focus on problem resolution.
  • The first line of defense in any examination, whether by a regulatory authority, a partner or potential partner, a client, or a firm performing due diligence for a potential acquisition.
  • Assuming you at any point choose to sell your organization, you will have a premium over its value.

Disadvantages of SOPs

Sure, Standard Operating Procedures have limitations, but that is true of everything because not every case can be specified or even foreseen. There is a first time for everything, as the adage goes, and these are some of the drawbacks of Standard Operating Procedures - they hinder innovation, entail extra paperwork, and reduce workplace originality.

For example, an airline's customer service department may have particular procedures for refunds and modifications, but if someone's spouse died the afternoon before a flight, following the SOP may be the obvious approach, but it may be callous and useless. Instead, going with your gut judgment and breaking the regulations may not only be the best thing for the passenger, but it may also result in extremely positive public relations in the age of social media.


The SOP ought to give the means expected to perform the assignment or activity. This helps everyone comprehend the steps required to complete the task or operation. This additionally adds to the venture being finished on time and under the financial plan. The SOP must also be updated because the steps stated in the SOP may have changed.


SOP Full-Form in Visa/SOP Full-Form in College

A statement of purpose, or SOP, for a Student Visa, is a properly written and signed declaration that you make to persuade the visa office that you expect at the hour of visa endorsement. A Visa Statement of Purpose is utilized to exhibit how you are qualified for the student visa of the country for which you are mentioning. An SOP is required not only for Student Visas but also for professional courses such as engineering and management.

A few countries, similar to the United States, Canada, and Australia, need a Visa SOP with your application. This SOP will be incorporated with your Visa application. Therefore, it is a basic paper that supports the endorsement of your Visa. An SOP for Student Visa includes your experiences and explanations for why you should be eligible to study in a specific country. Accordingly, each SOP is exceptional and incorporates reasons that apply to the unique circumstance.

Things to consider when preparing an SOP for a Student Visa:

  1. Make a point of mentioning the most notable accomplishments that will make you an asset to the university where you will be studying.
  2. Discuss your enthusiasm for the course you intend to take and how you envision yourself pursuing it as a profession.
  3. Underline the qualities that put you aside from the crowd. Mention your one-of-a-kind qualities or skills that will offer you an advantage.
  4. When preparing your SOP for a Student Visa, make sure you utilize appropriate vocabulary.
  5. Continuously start with an unfinished version (draft) and then, at that point, modify it. Add the points you missed and, if required, delete a few. Do not write and send your SOP without first creating a preliminary draft.


What is an SOP manual?

A standard operating procedure manual is a set of guidelines or instructions that codifies an organization's core tasks. The SOP manual compiles all SOP units into a single document.

What is the objective of SOP?

It gives bit-by-bit directions arranged by an enterprise. The SOP gives the organization efficiency, output, and a consistent performance measure. SOPs additionally help to further develop communication between departments.

What is an SOP document?

A Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) is a progression of composed directions that archive a daily practice or repeating activity completed by an organization.

What is SOP writing?

The other name of a Statement of Purpose (SOP) is a research statement or a letter of intent. It is addressed to the admissions committee and discusses your career path, interests, professional accomplishments, ambitions, and motivation for pursuing a specific degree.

What does SOP stand for in the workplace?

An SOP is a written document that is modified as per the need of your organization and determines the exercises expected to execute assignments consistent with industry standards, common regulations, or even your business principles.

What does SOP stand for in the military?

SOP is an abbreviation for Standing Operating Procedure, which refers to a set of instructions that lend themselves to a clear or standardized procedure without sacrificing efficacy.

What does SOP mean in hospitality?

By structuring your operations for efficiency, accuracy, safety, and consistency, a hotel Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) protects your personnel, your guests, and your business.

What is SOP in the industry?

An SOP is a written document that is modified as per the need of your organization and determines the exercises expected to execute assignments consistent with industry standards, common regulations, or even your business principles.

What is the SOP of COVID-19?

SOP for prevention of the spread of COVID-19 in the work environment. Offices and other workplaces are close-knit environments with shared spaces such as workstations, corridors, elevators and staircases, parking lots, cafeterias/canteens, meeting rooms and conference halls, and so on.

How do I create an SOP?

The Essential Steps for Creating Effective Standard Operating Procedures

1 - Create a list of processes that you accept require for developing SOPs

2 - Plan the process for creating and overseeing SOPs

3 - Gather information about the substance of your SOP

4 – Create, revise, and distribute your SOP

5 - Keeping your SOP up to date over time

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2022 Umesh Kurmi

Related Articles