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Practicing Career Professionalism, Part 1





Many factors make a person unique in his or her own way. One of this is personality. We can define personality as the distinctive and characteristic pattern of thought, emotion, and behavior that define an individual’s personal style of interacting with the physical and social environment.

Personality plays an important part in the identification and choice of specific career. The first step to career choice and planning understands oneself. According to Holland (1985), a person may possess the following personality types:

Realistic – technician/engineer

Investigate – scientist/chemist

Artistic – musician/sculptor

Social – teacher/social worker

Enterprising – salesperson/lawyer

Conventional – accountant/banker

Realistic and Investigative types lack interpersonal skills and have difficulty with emotional expression of feelings. The artistic and social types are emotional in the expression of feelings and may dislike highly ordered and repetitive activities.

The personality type one has is linked to specific work environments.


  1. MENTAL ASPECT – refers to his intellectual capacity.
  2. EMOTIONAL ASPECT – a person’ emotional make up is shown in his likes and dislikes.
  3. SOCIAL ASPECT – how well a person conducts himself with other people and how well he observes the rules of etiquette that govern society.
  4. PHYSICAL ASPECT – heredity and environment determine the entire physiological system of an individual. Posture, body build and size, compression and facial expressions, as well as the appropriateness and condition of clothes, comprise the physical appearance of a person. It has a lot to do with personality.
  5. MORAL ASPECT – this aspect personality has to do with a person’s awareness of the differences between what is wrong or right.
  6. SPIRITUAL ASPECT – is the consciousness of the higher values in life.

DEVELOPMENT – a continuous change for improvement in all aspects of the person: motor, social, emotional, intellectual, and moral.

INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIP – (outer self) Personal and social relationship of a person with others which develops systems of shared expectations.

INTRAPERSONAL DYNAMICS – (inner self) dealing with one’s inner self, like emotions

VISION – Philosophy of life.


The exploration of one’s interest and aptitudes lead one to formulate career and educational decisions. It is important for one to focus on personal and social development.

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“Know Thyself” – it means giving more than what is observed or what is public knowledge as one’s name. It means really knowing oneself in terms of one’s strengths and limitations. One’s sense of identity is usually defined by individual traits and goals, by personal; achievement and fulfillment, by social responsibilities and relationships.

A. Strengths

These are qualities, which we consider valuable or helpful in the things that we do. These are usually seen as positive and traits that enable us to achieve what we set out to do.

B. My Interests

One’s interests are usually manifested in what one chooses or prefers to do. A person may be interested in a basketball game, in reading a book, or in gardening. Any of these activities may give a person a sense of satisfaction or enjoyment.

C. Parents’ Interests and Expectations

The career development of an individual and one’s career decision- making skills will be enhanced if the family becomes involved in the process. The family has expectations, dreams, aspirations, and hopes for each member, which ultimately influences the person’s goals and choices.

D. My Values

A person’s values are his/her personal convictions about what is desirable. Values influences how a person acts and what we expect of others. These also influence our choices and our goals.



OBJECTIVES: After completing this activity you should be able to:

  1. Prepare one’s career which includes on personal competencies
  2. Design and build an actual career stating strengths, interests and goals.

Materials needed: Activity Sheet and pen


  1. Read Information Sheet No. 1
  2. Answer the activity no. 1 One’s Career.
  3. Let the trainee give honest and freedom of choice to organize a personal career planning.

Your own career

A. Strengths

Come up with five traits, which you consider as your strengths. In what instances have these become helpful?






B. My Interests

1. What are some of your interests? List some of them and identify why these or things are interesting to you.

2. What are some activities you are not interested in or prefer not to indulge.

3. What do your interests reveal about you?

C. Parents’ Interests and Expectations

1. What does your father expect of you? How does your mother want you to act?

2. Discuss with your parents or guardians your goals. Find out what their views are.

My Values

1. What is important for you?

2. Choose among the list, and rank according to importance to you.

_____ making use of my abilities

_____ receiving high pay compared to the amount of work I do

_____ having a feeling of accomplishment

_____ having pleasant working conditions

_____ being able to work alone

_____ being able to do things for others

_____ being somebody