Robert is an Agribusiness Consultant who studied Agribusiness Management
Kuroiler Chicken Farming Techniques
Keggfarms in India introduced a dual purpose Kuroiler chicken breed to increase the performance of local chicken to produce more meat and eggs. The Kuroiler chicken performs much better when it comes to egg and meat production and this is why a lot of farmers are shifting from other chicken breeds into a profitable kuroiler chicken. The management system and feed requirement is much cheaper and can operate at a low cost compared to other chicken breeds like broiler chickens and at the same time achieving a similar result. This agribusiness article aims at giving you more details about kuroiler chicken breeds which among others, it talks more about its management practices for achieving a better results.
The following are notable characteristics for Kuroiler chicken breed
- The kuroiler is known for performing better in both egg and meat production, making it to be raised for dual purpose
- The majority of smallholder farmers are able to identify this dual breed by its multicolored and camouflage like features
- This breed is quick good when it comes to growth as the hens can easily attain an average weight of 2.5 Kilograms in one year (12 Months) and can lay eggs about 150 to 200 starting from it's five to six months and keep on laying for a reasonable period. The dual breed is known to lay at least 20 eggs per months which is quick good.
- The Cock or Cockerels (a male Kuroiler) can reach a weight of 4 Kilograms in 12 months which is quick good. During its first three months it weights not less than 1 Kilogram
- A simple feeding management can be applied to this dual purpose breed as the Kuroiler chicken is able to feed household wastes, scraps, vegetables and many more, which can decrease cost of feeding while at the same time achieving a better result.
Why keeping the Kuroiler Chicken breed?
- A simple management and feeding system can be applied and still get higher results
- Kuroiler chicken breed is known for its traditional appearance.
- The Kuroiler chicken is known by its high quality meat which majority considers it as superior.
- The breed is able to attain a weight of 1 Kilogram within its first 5 to 6 weeks which is quick good.
- A simple but strong house should be constructed to house kuroiler chickens. The house should be well ventilated and should be able to provide maximum protection to the chickens. A good flow space can help much in preventing diseases, from starting. For better results, the house should not be less than 6 feet for workers.
Space requirements for better results
At least 12 inches of depth of litters should be provided on the floor to act as moisture absorbance and can be of wood shavings. These shavings are able to absorb the moisture from water spillage and chicken droppings.
Nutrition and feeding
Good feed results in better results, so try giving kuroiler best feeds and water. Supplement feeds may be required on top of simple feeding which enables you to give home wastes. The supplement feeds can be easily made using homemade chicken feeds formulas.
From week one to week 7 Kuroiler may be given chickens mash, from week 8 to week 17 they can be given growers mash and from 18 to week 20 they can be given layers mash for better results to be obtained.
A kuroiler farmer should make sure that the feeders are easy to clean and are kept clean all the times to avoid feed wastages which can increase the cost and building up of diseases. Long feeders should be allowed 4cm per broiler feeding and 2 cm in round feeders. A 14 cm deep feeder is required or recommended and has to be filled not above 2/3
Two types of drinkers can be used, namely manual and automatic chicken drinkers. Manual drinkers requires a person to fill up or add up the water for the chickens to drink while automatic ones has ability of filling up or refilling themselves by virtue after being connected to a tap or a water source. They do not have to be controlled all the time. Make sure clean and enough water is available all the time
Recommended vaccine program for kuroiler chicken breed
- From day old, kuroiler should be given Mareks vaccine and this is done at hatchery
- From 1 week, they should be given Gumboro 1st dose vaccine through water + skimmed milk
- From 2 weeks, kuroiler chickens should be given Gumboro 2nd dose through water + skimmed milk
- From 3 weeks, kuroiler chickens should be given Newcastle hitchner vaccine through eye drop
- From 4 weeks, kuroiler chickens should be given Gumboro 3rd dose through water + skimmed milk
- From 5 weeks, kuroiler should be given Newcastle 2nd dose vaccine through drinking water /eye drop
- From 6 weeks, the dual breed should be given Fowl Pox vaccine through wing stab
- From 7 weeks, the Kuroiler should be given Fowl Typhoid vaccine through intramuscular injection
Where to set your kuroiler chicken farm?
A good location is very important when it comes to poultry farming business.
Make sure the following factors are considered
- Short distance to the market
- Make sure the site or location has good quality of feeds for the Kuroiler chickens as well as good water
- Be closer to places where you can easily learn more or get information on kuroiler chickens more easily in case you want to acquire additional information or knowledge on kuroiler.
The same diseases which affect your local chickens are the same which affects kuroiler chickens hence the same preventive measures can be applied.