Robert Gomani is an Agribusiness specialist and has a bachelor's degree in Agribusiness Management.
How to Manufacture Sugar Locally From Sugarcane and Start Small Scale Sugar Business
Nowadays a lot of people, especially in the developing countries are interested in learning a few production steps which could help them manufacture some goods which are costly while at the same time basic needs, such that a day cannot pass without consuming or using them. Some individuals are able to take the knowledge gap which exists between less educated rural individuals to peri–urban or urban ones who are fairly educated in most cases, as their opportunity to learn a few production steps and start manufacturing essential things, which are in higher demand, such that a day cannot pass without a good number of them consuming or using it. This article will give in detail on how to make sugar locally and it will explain step by step processes which, when you follow them carefully, you will be able to manufacture your own sugar from sugarcane which will act as our raw material.
Making Sugar From Sugarcane Step by Step
To be able to manufacture sugar locally from sugarcane, the following steps need to be followed. In our steps, we assume the sugarcane which will act as our law material is readily available for production of sugar. In our discussion, we have also assumed that the person in doing, does not have a juice extracting machine which cost around 300-1200 dollars.
Step 1: Peel the sugarcane
The first step to locally manufacture sugar from sugarcane is to peel the sugarcane which involves removing the outer skin of the sugarcane. This step is very important as it makes sugar juice extraction in subsequent steps, much easy. Peeling the sugarcane can be done by using a sharp knife and it can be done while the sugarcane is in small parts.
Step 2: Cut small pieces from peeled sugarcane
After the sugarcane which are in small parts, have been peeled, the next step is to cut the peeled sugarcane into small pieces and this can also be completed by a sharp knife. The purpose of cutting the peeled sugarcane into small pieces is to ease juice extraction in our subsequent steps.
Step 3: Pound peeled small pieces using mortar and pestle
After successfully making the peeled sugarcane into small pieces, the next step is to pound the small pieces in our local mortar, using a pestle. This process can also be completed using an electric blender. The purpose of pounding is to make the juice extraction much easy in our subsequent steps as well. Keep in mind that we are using our local way to manufacture sugar from sugarcane.
Step 4: Squeeze the pounded sugarcane to extract the juice
After successfully pounding the sugarcane which makes it very small pieces, the next step is to squeeze the sugarcane to extract juice. This process can involve you putting the pounded sugarcane on a clean cloth, and apply much force which will result the juice being extracted from the pounded sugarcane. This process can also be completed by putting the pounded sugarcane in a pot, adding a hot water and put them on fire for a few minutes, then allow them to cool and squeeze to remove the remaining juice which does not come out of the sugarcane during the heating.
Step 5: Separate juice from molasses using filtration method
After successfully squeezing which makes the juice to be extracted from sugarcane, the next step is to separate the juice from molasses through filtration method. With this method, the squeezed sugarcane which is a combination of juice and molasses are put on a permeable membrane which is made up of a loose cloth, to allow the juice to penetrate the membrane, leaving the sugarcane molasses only. The juice which is being separated needs to be collected in a pot, ready for heating in the next subsequent steps.
Step 6: Separate water from sugar in a juice through evaporation
After successfully collection of sugarcane juice in a pot, the next step is to put the juice on heat to separate water from sugar which is in Sugar juice. This process, enables the liquid (water) on the sugarcane juice to vaporize leaving the sugar. This process needs to be done carefully. The time taken to complete this process depends on the quantity of sugar juice and the strength of heating source. Make sure the heating is completed when the juice has formed a porridge like structure, which does not turn completely to brown. When the porridge like structure has been formed, make sure you remove the pot and allow it to cool.
Step 7: Pound the cooled porridge like structure
After allowing the porridge like structure to cool, the next step is to put it in the mortar and pound it using a pestle. This process can also be completed using an electric blender. The purpose of this is to make small sugar pieces, which we use in our daily basis.
Step 8: Remove the pounded sugar and pack them
After successfully manufacturing of the sugar using the above steps, the next step is to remove the sugar from the mortar or blender and pack them ready for market. This process is very important as quality of packaging materials is known to have a direct relationship on selling.
Last but not on the list, after successfully packing your sugar which has been manufactured locally, the next step is to advertise your product in shops and potential places. When you get more orders than you initially expected, you could then buy the juice extraction machine which could have a capacity of processing 350kg of sugarcane per hour and this could make you able to produce on a large scale basis, matching your market demand. Electric juice extraction machines cost a range of $200– $1400.
In conclusion, this article has given in detail steps which are used to manufacture sugar from sugarcane using local methods. Among others, the steps can be summarized by, peeling the sugarcane, cutting to make them smaller, pounding, squeezing, filtration, evaporation, cooling and pounding again. The article has also given a tip which could enable you to make more sales on your sugar which has been manufactured locally.