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How to Grow Strawberry: Strawberry Cultivation Farming

Robert is Agribusiness Consultant who studied Agribusiness Management

Strawberry Farming

Strawberry Farming

Strawberry Cultivation Farming

Strawberry cultivation is one of the profitable farming business which has a potential to generate a reasonable income and create jobs in different countries. Strawberry can be used in yogurt as value additional and can as well be used as fresh juice and jam. Strawberries are easy to be cultivated and they perform well in a wide range of climatic conditions. It just need a small land for one to get started on strawberry production. To get the best results, make sure you grow your strawberry on a fertile, well drained soil which receives a good sunlight and has a moderate water amount. This article will take you in detail on how to grow your strawberry for high yield to be obtained which can maximize your revenue.

Strawberry Cultivars

Choice of cultivators depends on the location where one wants to grow his strawberry, therefore, make sure you select a right cultivar which matches with the climatic conditions of your location among other factors. Strawberry cultivators differ in fruiting time, qualities, fruit size, degree of tolerance to pests and diseases among others.

Climatic Requirements

Strawberry respond well in tropical and sub-tropical areas and achieves the best results at an optimal temperature of a range of 22° C to 25° C and this has to be a day temperature. The optimal night temperature should be 7° C to 13° C. Strawberry do not perform well in frost and cold weather areas.

Soils

Strawberries achieves the best results on a sandy loam soil, but can be grown on a wide range of soils. The optimum soil pH should be in a range of 5.7 to 6.5. More water is required to be applied through irrigation during runners establishment. Make sure you practice crop rotation to avoid depletion of soil fertility.

Land preparation and planting

Make sure you thoroughly prepare your site through tillage or ploughing for cultivation of strawberry. Make sure you improve soil fertility through manure application for high yield to be obtained.

Planting time

Make sure you plant your strawberry as early as possible for best results.

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Spacing

The strawberries should be planted in moist, raised beds which has a space between 30 centimeters. Row spacing should be 60 cm apart. Make sure you observe a space of 30 centimeters between strawberries as they are runners.

Propagation

Strawberry are propagated through runner plants. One plant is able to produce 7 to 10 runners.

Irrigation

Make sure you irrigate your transplanted strawberries and your field should be at a right moisture. Frequency of watering should be 2 to 3 times a week for the second month. Drip irrigation is recommended in strawberry production. Make sure your field is not waterlogged as this condition could accelerate build up of pests and diseases.

Pruning or stripping

Make sure you thin your strawberry to 2 to 3 splits every 7 months for rejuvenation.


Weed Management

Make sure your field is free from any weeds as this can be the source of pests and diseases. You can use chemical methods or physical methods to control weeds. Some farmers are known to use cultural method. Select each of these depending on your capital and labour availability in your local area.


Harvesting and Yield

Strawberries are able to give fruits in a range of 2.5 to 3 months after planting. Which means you can start harvesting your strawberries from that time. The life span for strawberry is 3 years. Harvesting can be done every 2 to 3 days. The Strawberry harvesting period is 2 to 3 times per year.

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