Working towards a Bachelor of Arts, Simran writes articles on modern history, art theory, religion, mythology, and analyses of texts.
Australia is linked to the world in various ways, despite its distance from other countries. There are five major ways Australia interacts with the world, through communication, trade, tourism, migration, and sports. New technologies allow Australia to communicate with the world. Trade in relation to free trade agreements, imports and exports connect Australians to the world. Australia’s tourism organisations and tourism bilateral relationships support Australia’s link with other countries. Migration in Australia demonstrates its association with the world. Australia’s involvement and hosting of global sports expose other countries to Australia. Ultimately, Australia is linked to the world through communication, trade, tourism, migration, and sports.
Australia is linked to the world through communication due to technology. Global communication is exchanging information between countries through technology. New technologies, such as the internet, personal computers, television and mobile phones allow Australia to be able to communicate effectively with the world.
In 2001, an Australian-Japan Submarine telecommunications system linking Australia and Japan became operational. This allowed a capacity of 640Gbit/s of wifi to be exchanged between Japan and Australia. It links Australia to Japan as it provides an efficient method of communication between the two countries.
Furthermore, Australia is globally linked to Canada through the ABC World News. The news program covers both Canada’s and Australia’s sports and politics. That globally links Australia with Canada as it makes people understand its circumstances and its culture. Therefore, Australia is globally linked to Japan and Canada through communication.
Australia is connected to the world through trade involving free trade agreements and importing and exporting with other countries. Importing and exporting is essential for the growth and expansion of national economies. Exports and imports depend on the country’s resources and demands.
For instance, Australia is rich with resources, such as iron ore, coal, petroleum and sheep. However, goods like telecommunication equipment and alcoholic beverages are too expensive to produce. Thus, Australia trades with different countries, such as China and New Zealand to meet their needs. In 2015, Australia’s export of mainly coal, iron ore and raw materials were worth 91 297 A$m to meet China’s urban needs.
In return, Australia imports values around 17 000 A$m of homewares, manufactured goods and telecommunication equipment from China. Additionally, Australia forms free trade agreements to improve trading efficiency.
They formed a free trade agreement with New Zealand (AANZFTA) in 2010. It connects Australia with New Zealand as it reduces tariffs and encourages economic cooperation. Consequently, Australia links with New Zealand and China concerning exports, imports and free trade agreements.
Australia relates to the world due to tourism including tourism bilateral relationships and tourism organisations. International tourism is travelling to another country for business or pleasure. To encourage more tourism, tourism industries focus on attracting, entertaining and accommodating tourists.
This is fundamental to Australia’s economy as it makes up 3.2 percent of Australia’s GDP. Thus, tourism organisations, such as Tourism Western Australia help develop and promote “major sporting, arts, culture and major projects...” that enhances tourism (Victoria Museum, n.d.).
To illustrate this, in 2017 Tourism Western Australia sponsored around 130 events including the Mastercard Hopman Cup at the Perth Arena. That links Australia with the world as it internationally attracts tourists to view these events. Furthermore, Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) promotes tourism by enhancing bilateral tourism relationships with different countries.
To exemplify this, the Australia-India Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) in the field of Tourism was signed off in 2014. That links Australia to India as both countries encourage the cooperation of tourism stakeholders in both countries. Ergo, Australia’s tourism bilateral relationship with India and tourism organisation links Australia to the world.
Australia’s connection with the world is emphasised through migration. Australia has a rich history of migration, which began after 1788. As attitudes of migration changed over time, such as the abolishing the White Australia policy, Australia’s better job opportunities and education attracted many migrants. As an aftermath, migration became essential for Australia to recruit fill out jobs.
For example, in 1950s Australia received Filipino migration who were students under the Colombo Plan. Within 35 years, 40 000 Filipino students stayed and were recruited in Australia. As a result, between 1981-2011 Filipino migration to Victoria, Australia dramatically increased from 3 455 to 38 004. That demonstrates the link between Australia to the Philippines concerning migration.
Additionally, immigrants may arrive in Australia because of natural disasters, conflict and poor living conditions. To emphasise this, in 2000 a drought in Afghanistan caused Afghani asylum seekers to arrive in Australia.
It caused Victoria’s population of Afghani to increase from 764 in 1991 to 9945 in 2011. This highlights the link Australia has with Afghanistan as they accept immigrants from other countries based on the situation. Henceforth, Australia is internationally connected with Philippines and Afghanistan involving migration.
Other countries are exposed to Australia due their hosting and participation in international sports. Since the 1950s Australia was internationally known for their sporting culture. It is expressed by their constant participation and hosting of global sports competition. A prime example was their hosting of the Olympic Games in Sydney, Australia 2000. That had teams from 199 countries competing, such as the US, Great Britain, and France.
Having this major event in Australia exposed these countries to their culture and lifestyle. It enhanced the worldwide view of Australians being sporty. This strengthened the link Australia has with these competing countries. Additionally, Australian government organisations, such as the Australian Sports Commission to improve sporting performance for international success. To exemplify this, they have the AIS basketball programme in Canberra.
Two athletes under the programme, Andrew Bogut and Matthew Dellavedova participated in the 2015 NBA finals. As a result, Australia received “worldwide attention” for basketball. It aids with Australia’s link with the world as it encourages athletes to compete internationally. As an effect, it improves Australia’s reputation of sports internationally. Therefore, Australia’s sports organisations and hosting of global competition connect Australia to the world.
Australia is related to Japan and Canada in communication due to new technology. It is revealed through the Australian-Japan Submarine telecommunications system and the ABC News.
Australia is involved with China and New Zealand involving free trade agreements, exports and imports. It is highlighted by how Australia exports coal and iron ore to China and imports telecommunication equipment and manufactured goods in return.
The AANZFTA illustrates how Australia is involved with New Zealand. Tourism including bilateral tourism relationship and tourism organisations links Australia to the world. That is shown through Australia-India MOU in the field of tourism and the organisation Tourism Western Australia. Philippines and Afghanistan are internationally connected to Australia by migration.
This is illustrated by how their population grew in Victoria, Australia. Australia’s hosting of international sports and sports organisations exposes the world to Australia. It emphasised by their hosting of the 2000 Olympic Sports and AIS’s programmes. Ultimately, Australia will continue to develop as a nation due to its various links to other countries.
What are the impacts of globalisation?
Parliament of Australia.2015.Australia's Trade in Figures.https://www.aph.gov.au/About_Parliament/Parliamentary_Departments/Parliamentary_Library/pubs/BriefingBook45p/AustraliaTrade(accessed 28 Oct. 2017)
Australian Government Department of Foreign Trade and Affairs.Unknown Date.International Tourism Engagement.http://dfat.gov.au/trade/topics/pages/international-tourism-engagement.aspx(accessed 12 Nov. 2017)
Tourism Western Australia 2017.Our Role.http://www.tourism.wa.gov.au/About%20Us/Our%20organisation/Our-role/Pages/Our-role.aspx(accessed 14 Nov. 2017)
Museum Victoria.Unknown Date. Origins: History of immigration from Philippines.https://museumsvictoria.com.au/origins/history.aspx?pid=46(accessed 2 Nov. 2017)
Museum Victoria.Unknown Date .Origins: History of immigration from Afghanistan.https://museumsvictoria.com.au/origins/history.aspx?pid=1&cat=none&cid=0(accessed 2 Nov. 2017)
Australian Sport Commission.2014.Annual Report 2014-15.http://www.ausport.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0006/611358/CORP_33957_Annual_Report_2014-15_final.pdf(accessed 16 Nov. 2017)