This article reports American government and private business projections for emerging an expanding businesses through the year AD 2050. Projections are accompanied by professional opinions of public and private business leadership.
Top Five Industries of the Future
The US Department of Labor, US Census tabulations through 2018, and opinions from the US Chamber of Commerce as well as local chambers of commerce in large American cities provide data about future industries and jobs that will advance to the forefront in the first half of the 21st century.
The consensus of fastest growing industries include:
- Earth-Side Health & Medical Services
- Aerospace and Aviation Products and Services
- Low-Earth Orbit Health and Medical Research and Services: Described by The Ohio State University space medicine divisions in the College of Medicine and Public Health and formerly in the School of Preventive Medicine.
- Information Technology
- New Types of Products and Services
In 2016, the US began building mining machinery and habitats for the moon and near-Earth asteroids. NASA's and an independent organizations missions to Mars has been progressing, with NASA training two new classes of astronauts specifically for this in 2013 and 2017.
The US and Japan have a combined air force initiated to combat space debris and patrol the heavens. However, discussions among my USAF and Civil Air Patrol contacts lead to thoughts about a combined law enforcement space patrol.
People of Earth, including me, have formed the first nation state in space, Asgardia. Its first satellite was launched to look for a site for a space station in 2017.
All these developments point to emerging new jobs off the planet.
Spaceports are Open For Business
The United States of America already has 12 Spaceports operating and open to the public within its borders, with another under construction in South Texas. Canada also has one open already.
Many of these ports will be used in the asteroid mining business, along with private commercial spaceports planned for Texas by Elon Musk and SpaceX. Additional companies plan to build spaceports across the USA.
Look for many new articles about air flight and aerospace industries in the future.
How to Know What the Numbers Mean
It is very important to understand how statistics are used and misused in news articles to the extent that they give a mistaken or purposely false picture of employment trends in the United States. This knowledge is simple to acquire, if readers who dislike mathematics will use some very simple techniques for understanding.
Opinions, Projections, and Propaganda
It is interesting to read across the menu of Top Jobs advocated by a group of individuals and agencies; business analysts and forecasters, financial analysts, employment specialists, marketing pros, labor unions, government officials and departments, and leading business, financial, and economic publications in print and on the Internet.
Each group gathers information and arranges it to make sense in a certain trend and recommendations, and presents it in various ways - some pretty solid, others rather biased, and some incorrect or manipulative.
It is important to look closely at some articles that recommend jobs for now and in the future.
One fact to consider is that government projections or forecasts include several categories and the ones I see referenced most often are
- Numbers of new jobs estimated to be created within a decade of years and
- Percentage increase in jobs from start to finish of a 10-year period.
A Closer Reading is Required
An instructor once taught my class : "You can't just read news articles, you have to read news articles, and by that I mean analyze their validity."
One question to approach when reading about hot jobs is how the opinion was formed and what facts contributed to it.
To whit, if an article presents a Top 5 Jobs for the Future, are all the right statistics there?
- Is every one of the 5 percentages of increase over a projected decade (like 1900 - 1910) listed, along with the total numbers of new jobs expected in the same 10 years for each of the five jobs? Or
- At least one set of 5 percentages or one set of 5 numbers-of-jobs ?
If some of the data is missing or if some percentages and some numbers are used, then the 5 jobs titles can be put into any order and a reader might assume that the first listed is the fastest increasing job. This may be intentional, sloppy, a result of a lack of time, or something else.
How to Sort Out Confusion and Bias
The title of one article I read included the feature "Five Hot Jobs", but listed and discussed seven separate job titles in seven different industries and did not list a 1,2,3,4,and 5 hottest job ranking, or any ranking at all.
This presentation was disconcerting and likely confused many readers who kept looking for numbers 6 and 7 in the ranking...which was not evident, either.
After looking up all the percentages and numbers-of-increase with the US Department. of Labor, BLS, and various stats agencies, I noticed that the job title listed first in the article was one that will likely increase substantially in numbers, but these numbers can be overtaken by a more high-tech job title by the end of a 10-year period examined.
The article spoke of:
- Percentage increase in one job title and
- Numbers of new jobs in another job title, but
- These two cannot be compared with each other -- One must compare a) percentages with percentages and b) numbers of jobs with numbers of jobs. Comparing a percentage in one job with a raw number in a another job yields what is classified officially as a meaningless statistic.
We know that 50% may equal 5 jobs in one case, yet 5,000 in another case and still be 50% in both (Example : 50% of 10 = 5, but 50% of 10,000 = 5,000. Which would be the "hotter" job?).
At the same time, we may see a 2% increase in one job title that represents a greater NUMBER of jobs than a 10% increase in another (Example: 2% of 518, 000 = 51,800, while 10% of 4,200 = 420. Which job is increasing fastest?).
You can use either the Percentage or the Numbers, as long as you are as consistent as possible within a report.
Occasionally, a percent or a number is just not available or has not been computed yet. In addition, US States and Communities may have a different opinion about growth in different jobs in their local areas.
Does It Make Sense?
Healthcare Employment Opportunities Surge
Some bias in Internet reporting is that nurses comprise the top hot job in the country through 2018. However, this is only a 22.37% increase from 2008 to 2018. That's approximately 581,500 new jobs. The percentage was not stated in the article.
The percentage is no match for the 72% increase in Biomedical Engineers projected from 2008 - 2018, which is already evident in regions like the Ohio Space Corridor.
"Biomedical engineer" is the government-predicted top hot job by percentage increase and my opinion is that the job title will expand in vacancies through 2050. So will nursing, but I think it will probably be overtaken by biomedical engineers for a time. Afterward, I think we will have a new profession called "Biomedical Registered Nurse."
"Physical therapist (PT)" has been the highest demand job in America 2000 - 2014, but was overtaken in 2014 by new truck driving jobs, although it remains in high demand.
Example: Number of Physical Therapist (PT) Job Openings
Fourth Quarter 2012
- 263,000 physical therapy job openings, up by +20,000 over same period 2010.
Fourth Quarter 2015
- 270,000+ Job listings were presented consistently during the quarter.
- The largest number of PT jobs are consistently located in Houston, Texas (2012 - 2018), this state always requiring the most new physical therapists.
Fourth Quarter 2017
- 90,000 job listings in America, with Houston still the number one city.
Largest Companies Hiring in the US
- Encompass Health
- Frensius Medical Care
- Genesis Rehabilitation
- Kindred at Home
- Advanced Travel Therapy
- Rehab Care
- Therapeutic Resources
- Encore Rehab Services
- Reliant Rehabilitation
- Core Medical Group
- US Navy and Naval Reserve
- Aureus Medical Group
Table 1. Top 5 Jobs by Percentage (%) Increase
|JOB TITLE||Percentage Increase 2008 - 2018||Numbers Increase 2008 - 2018|
TOP 5 JOBS
Network Systems and Data Communication Analysts
Home Health Aides
Personal and Home Care Aides
Sources For Table 1
- Table 7. The 30 fastest-growing occupations, 2008-18
- Table 6. The 30 occupations with the largest employment growth, 2008-18
The increasingly high demand for IT professionals has become proverbial.
Inaccurate and Incomplete Reporting
Interestingly, an article I examined regarding the five highest demand jobs to be advertised through 2018 listed these jobs titles in this order, but listed six job titles:
- "Nurses" (Apparently at all levels of training, but none was specified; so, is this a short term LPN certificate or a four year BSN degree, or what exactly?)
- Biomedical Engineers,
- Networks Systems Managers and Data Communications Analysts,
- Software Engineers, and
- Financial Examiners.
Actual Top Five Jobs to 2018 from the US Bureau of Statistics
(Listed in order of largest number of jobs to smallest number of jobs).
- Home Health Aides: This is fine, except that a growing number of HHA agencies are requiring specific training and a certificate to become an HHA.
- Registered Nurses: This means at least two years of training and a license. This job title was first on the first until early 2017, but now in in second place.
- Customer Service Representatives
- Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers
- Personal and Home Care Aides
Errors in the Original Article
- It compared some percentages with numbers, which we cannot do legitimately. We must compare percents with percents and number with numbers to be fair and accurate.
- It left out either the percentages or the numbers for a few job titles altogether.
- It also chose six job titles that were not all in the actual Top Five for either percentage rank or number rank.
This was a poorly designed and unfairly written article that confused the public.
Jobs Forecast Through the Year 2050
My opinion is that the best advertised career choices through AD 2050 in Health and Aerospace will most often include:
- Biomedical Engineers: Read peer-reviewed journals and online news from the NIH, universities, and hospitals regarding the development of new jobs and the industries that support them.
- Other Health and Medical positions: You may even start as a nurse, but you might keep studying to become a Nurse Practitioner, Physician, Physical Therapy Supervisor. You might open your own PT clinic. An aging and growing population always needs more health and medical services. Do not forget about new methods of replacing damaged limbs and organs, like 3D printing, growing new organs within the body, and others.
- IT Jobs: Engineers, managers, systems, and network positions join new emerging jobs in a wide range of fields, especially in Health and Aerospace
- Business and Finance Analysts and Examiners, including forensic accounting, international business, and emerging business accounting on the moon, low-Earth orbit asteroids, and Mars.
- Retail, Food and other Sales and Service: Advancement in these jobs is available into management and ownership. Plans are underway to open these jobs off planet as Mission to Mars progresses.
Kiplinger Highest Demand Jobs to 2025
- Speech Language Pathologist: This is a high demand occupation in the 2010s and many college students are either entering into its study or adding a core of its study to another health care profession.
- Community Service Manager: Social services are in growing high demand among aging Baby Boomers and Generation X, among people with low incomes, and refugees. These services have spawned additional Community Based Organizations that need effective management and staff.
- Computer Systems Analyst (IT): The demand for IT professionals at all levels in all fields has become proverbial at all levels.
- Applications Developer (IT)
- Registered Nurse (RN License): This might be the RN, BSN, MSN, or higher educational attainment. We have a severe nursing shortage that will grow.
- Information Security Analyst (IT)
- Health Services Manager: Healthcare is a major issue in US and the world.
- Medical Sonographer: An Associate's Degree can get you over $66,000 median annual salary.
- Physical Therapist (PT) : This was the Number One Job to fill from 2000 - 2012, but is still in high demand and makes a lucrative career.
- Nurse Practitioner (NP): These professionals lower the cost of healthcare overall, perform cutting edge research, and earn a salary of $90,000+ annual at the median.
The Kiplinger magazine, newsletters, and website have a long-term track record of accuracy in U.S. economic and employment forecasts.
US News and World Report Job Projections
These professional researchers add jobs in the following clusters;
The well known Forbes staff adds these job titles as high demand:
- Retail Salespeople and Customer Service Reps;
- Home Health Aides (HHAs),
- Office Clerks,
- Food Service and/or Prep Workers,
- Truck Drivers
- University/College/Vocational School Instructors
- Active USAF CAP member announcements, 2016 through 2018.
- American Psychological Association conference notes; June - August 2017.
- Ohio Space Grant Consortium. www.osgc.org/ Retrieved June 20, 2017.
- NASA Business Opportunities; www.nasa.gov/about/business/index.html Retrieved June 19, 2017.
- NASA. NASA Selects Over 100 Small Business Projects to Advance Space Innovation. March 8, 2017. https://tinyurl.com/ya69lrd9 Retrieved June 18, 2017.
- The Guardian US, UK. Will jobs exist in 2050? Charlotte Seager. October 13, 2016.www.theguardian.com/careers/2016/oct/13/will-jobs-exist-in-2050 Retrieved June 12, 2017.
- The National Museum of the Air Force: Wright Patterson Air Force Base in Fairborn, Ohio. Guided tours, specialized tours, speakers on experimental aircraft.
- The Ohio State University Center for Innovation and Entrepreneurship alumni newsletter announcements.
- US Bureau of Labor, Department of Statistics.
- US Census 2000, US Census 2010 US Census 2020. www.census.gov/2020census Retrieved May 12, 2018.
- United States Chamber of Commerce.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2010 Patty Inglish MS
Comments and Ideas
Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on April 03, 2012:
You're welcome; thanks for commenting about the Hub and its appropriateness, especially in high school classes - like career planning. IT is an ever-growing field.
humberto63 on April 03, 2012:
Exelente informacion, porque tenemos un hijo en el ultimo ano de high school y el escogio su carrera en IT, ahora estamos mas felices que el se enfoco hacia el futuro, gracias por su informacion y esperamos que lo sigan haciendo al mantenernos al dia con las carreras del futuro.
Lili on August 15, 2011:
I'm planning to study biomedical engineering ...and i hope the nr of jobs for biomedical engineers increases because right now it doesn't seem so bright.
successfull on March 20, 2011:
This is detailed. Thanks for sharing
AliYoung on January 03, 2011:
But the question is not the highest rating but the hight earning. Less work, more money,right?
Prem Jha on December 14, 2010:
The apply for all category Government job and education related information news .
pakpub from Florida on September 27, 2010:
Knowing the future of high demand jobs can be very helpful in planning your studies. Nice hub.
hubpageswriter on September 26, 2010:
I definitely see a boom for jobs in the Biomedical field.
Barry Rutherford from Queensland Australia on September 18, 2010:
Agree with all the positive comments above !
MKayo from Texas on September 18, 2010:
As usual, you have led me to learn a few new things about the future demand for these sort of careers. Thanks again!
SteveoMc from Pacific NorthWest on September 16, 2010:
Great information, I am always looking for information to share with students regarding careers. Thanks.
India Arnold from Northern, California on September 16, 2010:
You offer really complete information. Many thanks to you.
Lori J Latimer from Central Oregon on September 16, 2010:
Excellent, Excellent, Excellent! Each Hub gets Better.
Thank you for sharing such good information. voted up - tweeted.
A la carte from Australia on September 15, 2010:
Really interesting and obviously a lot of research here...thanks for passing this on to us:)
Hello, hello, from London, UK on September 15, 2010:
Patty, you have done a great research and a wonderful job here.
Patty Inglish MS (author) from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation on September 15, 2010:
I think you're right and I will look up those universities - some in Canada too, maybe.
M. Engebawy, PhD from Overland Park, Kansas, USA on September 15, 2010:
It is not the first time to read/hear about Biomedical and Aerospace Engineering jobs will be in future demands.
Being in the engineering field myself, one of my colleagues tried to convince my son to consider those options, but he decided on Mechanical Engineering, so traditional!
In the meantime, I think very few universities in the US are offering Biomedical Engineering Degree.