Evolution of Management Thought
The first known management ideas were recorded in 3000-4000 B.C. One Pyramid built by Egyptian ruler Cheops required work to be done by 100,000 men for over twenty years in 2900 B.C. It covered 13 acres of land and measured 481 meters in height. The stone slabs had to be moved thousands of kilometres of distance. As folklore goes, even the sound of a hammer was not heard in the villages in the vicinity of the site of these pyramids. Such monumental work could not be completed without adherence to principles of sound management.
CLASSICAL MANAGEMENT THEORY
Rational economic view, scientific management, administrative principles, and bureaucratic organisation characterise this phase. While the rational economic view assumed that people are motivated by economic gains primarily; scientific management of F.W. Taylor and others emphasised one best way of production etc; administrative theorists personified by Henri Fayol etc looked at the best way to combine jobs and people into an efficient organisation; bureaucratic organisation theorists led by Max Weber looked at ways to eliminate managerial inconsistencies due to abuse of power which contributed to ineffectiveness. This was the era of the industrial revolution and factory system of production. Large scale production would not have been possible without adherence to the principles governing organising production based on division of labour and specialisation, relationship between man and the machine, managing people and so on.
NEO CLASSICAL THEORY — HUMAN RELATIONS APPROACH
This school of thought developed between 1920s to 1950s felt that employees simply do not respond rationally to rules, chains of authority and economic incentives alone but are also guided by social needs, drives and attitudes. Hawthorne Studies at GEC etc., were conducted then. It was quite natural that in the early phases of the industrial revolution, the emphasis was on development of techniques and technology. The attention to the human factor was the salient aspect of this school of thought. This attention was to serve as a precursor to the development of behavioural sciences.
MANAGEMENT SCIENCE/OPERATIONAL RESEARCH
It emphasises research on operations and use of quantitative techniques to aid managers to take decisions.
It sees modern organisations as complex systems and underlies contingency approach and use of modern techniques to solve organisational and human problems.
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© 2009 Dilip Chandra
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Jose Varekulam on March 07, 2015:
Better, if we add some creteria for the evaluation of Non-government organizations (NGO) it will be beneficial
SALUM ALI on November 19, 2013:
Thanks all participants
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akhila on August 05, 2012:
thank u 4 summarizing these topic!
ayomide on June 27, 2012:
what are Gilbert contributions 2 evolution of management
Abdul Manan on June 04, 2012:
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Dilip Chandra (author) from India on January 19, 2012:
Hello muhamad, will research on the requested topic and present a new article soon.
muhamad on January 19, 2012:
i want to know about human resource and development approach.
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DONOVANMANDUMOVIC on October 15, 2011:
I need some help with the clue or comment on classical approach and its assumption,limitation
Sam on September 30, 2011:
I am doing Master degree and now I need some help with the clue or comment from any one relate to my question "evolution of modern management".
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thanks 4 the help you render here though please avail more information.
atul sharma on September 18, 2011:
thanx a lot....well return bt its in short....
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varsha tiwari on March 10, 2011:
quite useful article.
charles on February 26, 2011:
pliz write on classical, neoclassical and modern theories of management, giving clear differences
Theresa Ogungbade on January 28, 2011:
This is a nice article.
hayeesha on December 08, 2010:
write on d behavioural and contingency theories
Akamagwuna joel on November 22, 2010:
I have tried using my knowledge but i need more material to answer this question.
Write 15 pages on the evolution of management.
keerthi on November 12, 2010:
it was a nice notes on priciples of management
s2619 on November 09, 2010:
i need to give a presentation on evolution of management....help!!!!
Dilip Chandra (author) from India on November 05, 2010:
@ Farah from Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
If you are a management student, if the question you've requested is an assignment for you, kindly do it on your own. It is a task supposed to be taken by you to use the knowledge you've gained out of your academic year and to analyze the same. If i give you the sufficient answer, you will gain nothing from that except but some compliments which i think was of no use. Analyze and answer the same on your own, if you need any help with regard to corrections write your essay here, i'll help you out in enhancing it.
I've received many questions from management students, most of them were their assignments. Kindly do it on your own. If you are done and do need any advice over the same with regard to the corrections, post them in here. But do not request answers for your assignments. Those are tasks given to you to use your knowledge and your analyzing ability.
Farah on November 05, 2010:
“Compare and contrast between the Scientific School of Thought and the Behaviorist School of Thought. What major lessons can be drawn in studying these theories and concepts?”
Dilip Chandra (author) from India on October 21, 2010:
'gach' from New Orleans, Louisiana, United States.
Please write in here what information do you need? If i can, i'll publish an article on that requested topic as soon as possible.
I must say, till now i have written some 8 to 12 articles which are requests on various subjects from many users. I have learnt those topics, understood and have written them as articles in concise for the better understanding of those who have requested.
gach on October 21, 2010:
U DON'T GIVE PEOPLE ANSWERS !!!!!! U SHUYOLD BE BANNED !!!!!!!
zurr on July 06, 2010:
a very directive and specific explanation. i like this ;)
wEnDy on June 20, 2010:
a very interested subject...it really helps us especially to the hrm students
Dr.S.P.PADMA PRASAD from Tumkur on January 20, 2010:
A good article on the subject. Shows that the author has studied the subject with interest and analysed it .
Now a days human resource management has become more complex and delicate. Gone are the dayas when the boss could rule by his authority.He has to rule, as if he is not ruling.Here lies the difficulty.