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Advantages and Disadvantages of Working in the Government

Sharon Lopez is a government employee and she would spend her free time writing on various online sites.

How Many People Are Working in the Government?

There are positions that may be available in different government agencies which a qualified individual may be appointed. One can also become a government worker by way of elections. This is true with elective positions such as senators, congressmen, district representatives, local chief executives, councilors and other local officials.

Philippines is a country with a Presidential Democratic form of government wherein, the president function as the head of the state as well as the head of the government and the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. This president is elected through a popularity vote in a single term of 6 years. Other officials are elected for a three-year term and can be reelected for a maximum of three terms.

Appointive positions may be classified as co-terminus with the appointing authority, permanent position, casual or temporary and contractual. There are also workers who are hired on a project-based or job orders who are working in government offices but they are not considered as government employees because they don’t have direct agreement with the government entity they are working with.

Government workers are basically under the power of Civil Service Commission (CSC) which means that their appointment is subject to the rules and regulations of the commission as defined by Philippine law.

There are around 1,313,770 government personnel in the country based on the conducted inventory of personnel by the commission in 2010. This figure includes all employees in the National Government Agencies, Government Owned and Controlled Corporations and the Local Government Units. These group of workers includes permanent, casual or temporary, elected and coterminous which are assigned in national government agencies, State Universities, Public schools, Government owned and controlled corporations and local government units.

According to the Philippines Statistics Authority, the total work force in the Philippines as of 2014 was estimated to reach around 38,665,000+ and 16 percent of this estimated statistics are government workers.

Estimated size of Bureaucracy

Estimated size of Bureaucracy

Working in the government is the dream of most people in the country. Why not? With the competitive salary packages and other benefits one could get, people would certainly aim to get a position. Presented in the next paragraphs are the advantages of being one.

Advantages of Working in the Government

  • Permanent government employees are enjoying the security of tenure which means permanent personnel cannot be easily removed from service without any valid reason. Once you are appointed to the service, you can stay in service until the age of 65 unless you chose to retire earlier or resign from service.
  • Government offices offer a better salary as compared to other private institutions. Although it doesn’t mean that private employees received a smaller amount. There are also private institutions that are offering salaries bigger than what an ordinary government employee could get.
  • Government employees can enjoy a two-day off in a week which is most often not being practiced in private companies.
  • Government employees are entitled to a 15 days vacation leave and 15 days sick leave in a year. Employees have the option not to use these leave credits until they retire except the 5 days mandatory leave which they have to consume within the year. Therefore a government employee can save as much as 25 leave credits in a year convertible to cash upon retirement. On the other hand, public teachers are entitled to a two-month leave with pay during vacation.
  • A government employee can join the Government Service Insurance System (GSIS) and the Social Security System (SSS), two of the country’s major retirement plan companies at the same time. Private employees can only become a member of SSS.
  • You can receive your 13th-month pay earlier than those who are working in private companies. In fact, government employees can get half of the bonus every May and the other half in November of the year. Update: Most government employees can now receive 14th-month pay.

However, just like anything, there will always be a negative and positive side of being a government employee. But the problem usually occurs before one could even get the job. Applications for limited positions are piling and only few can be chosen for the job. Here are some of the problems worth mentioning if you are planning to become one. Most of these are based on personal experience and shared by other friends.


Disadvantages of Working in the Government

Working in the government does not always bring good experience. Being one, here are some of the disadvantages which I personally experienced.

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  • You can be assigned anywhere. Many government employees have bigger chances of being transferred from one place to another. This situation can bring more of a negative effect in most cases especially if an employee would be assigned to a remote place.
  • Bureaucracy is a frustrating factor that can affect both employees of the government and the citizen. As a government employee one has to follow a formal approval process on both minor and major decisions.
  • Favoritism and nepotism is a common practice in government offices. This may result in low morale, resentment, desertion, overlooked potentials, and stunted growth.

On the final thought...

It doesn’t matter if we work in the government or in private institutions as long as we are happy with our job and we are doing the best to deliver what is expected of us. If we work in the government, we are responsible for the people who are paying for our salary through taxes. They deserve the best service from us.

I have been in the government service for five years and I can say that I am an asset to the department where I am under.

Private companies on the other hand are also offering great benefits that public workers do not experience.

Have a great day my friends and thank you for dropping by.

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Link picture number of employees

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2014 Sharon Lopez


Sharon Lopez (author) from Philippines on July 23, 2015:

@Besarien Thank you for dropping by. The security that a government job offers is really indispensable. I am an online worker assigned in the field and I could say that I love my work because I could extend service to my fellow Filipinos. Have a great day!

Besarien from South Florida on November 16, 2014:

Great hub! Government jobs certainly offer the kind of security that is hard to find in the private sector these days. Plus there is a lot of variety to the types of jobs you can do. People immediately think of sitting at a desk doing paperwork. While there are a lot of jobs like that, you could run a printing office or work in a national forest or museum., build models for city planning, be a biologist in a testing lab or travel the country as an inspector for an agency.

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