This article captures the common underlying road accident causes and top seven tips to prevent road accident and car breakdowns
The economic waste resulting from carelessness is appalling, but anyone who stops for a moment to consider the sorrow and desolation which is brought into thousands of lives each year by utter thoughtlessness must feel a new resolve to make a habit of “Safety First"...
— W. C. Durant
According to cars guide and cars guru, there are over 2 billion cars on the entire globe, which is an average of one car to 8-10 persons globally. Little wonder road traffic accident is a daily occurrence of different nations of the world. As a consequent, several nations have come up with ideas about road accident prevention or at least to forestall occurrences to some reasonable extent.
Unfortunately, quite a number of people have lost their lives via vehicular accident and according to statistics one has just occurred before the end of this article. It is along these lines that I write this Top eight driving safety tips to aid drivers in the prevention of road traffic accidents to and car breakdowns.
The current Seatbelts in use are made up of nylon-66 formulated by Toyota via nanocomposite research and has been tested as a reliable material. Seatbelts has sensor latch which when pulled suddenly contrasts and when pulled gently releases itself. It is therefore necessary that that drivers put on their seat belts regularly to safeguard themselves from flying out of the vehicle for collision impact.
No wonder it has become a traffic offence with fines in so many nations and deduction of points from drivers license. More importantly is that driver’s imbibes this habit as soon as they are seated on the driver’s seat to pull out the seat belt across their chest and get it locked.
The gentlemen and women of the millennia cannot do without their phones. Little wonder we even take our phones with us to toilets and bathrooms. However, it is said that life has got no duplicate. A research conducted to show the brain activities during driving revealed that a driver behind the steering has got up to 90 % focus but depreciates reasonable to 40–50 % as soon as the phone is answered if hung on the car-phone holder. This depreciates further to 20–30% immediately the handset is picked up and raised to the ear level. This scientific experiment proves beyond reasonable doubts that drivers using phones while driving are hazards and also endangering themselves and other road users.
So I suggest that phones must be put away, even though the use of Bluetooth earpiece is less hazardous but it is not advisable in this article.
I have had incidents of near head-on-collision because of a faulty wiper while driving under the rain. Though it seems very insignificant but it is very vital. Wipers can be used during rains and during snowfall. Windscreen or windshield is angled to a point; hence it reduces visibility during snowfalls and rainfalls. A scenario of driving with faulty wipers during light or heavy rain showers and snowfall should never be entertained because mechanical devices can completely fail at any time when faulty.
It is therefore encouraging that drivers ensure that their wipers are in optimal conditions before driving out in the rain or winter, and park the vehicle should the wiper fails during such journeys until the coast is clear. It is also important to use air conditioners to remove the fog and mist during such event to improve your visibility.
A drunk driver hitting other motorist. This kind of accident can be prevented
Modern cars have got three to six different types of motor oils' used within the vehicle. There is the common hydraulic, engine oil, transmission fluid, gearbox oil, axle oil, steering oil and gear oil. Every car owner should be conversant with the location of these oils in the bonnet and under the car. Manual visual inspection for leakages and shortages is seriously encouraged and carried out frequently especially the hydraulic fluid that controls the break mechanisms.
Topping–up of the oil after observing leakage and shortage is not really advisable because you don’t know the discharge rate. However, get a service technician to either replace/refill the oil or trace any leakages. Luckily, vehicle indicators should not be ignored because in modern cars it reveals some obvious problems. Moreover drivers should consciously look out at the floor area where the parked their vehicle, especially when driving out to detect leakages, if there is any. This safety Tip is irreplaceable especially for long distance travelers.
Several companies manufacture tires of different brands, sizes and designs. One important thing is that every country has got approved tire producers, and hence drivers must insist on buying such listed tires.
Many motorists are unaware that tires do expire and needs replacement. I know of a friend who boasted of loving a tire that served him for 5 years. No doubt proper information would have guided him to replace the tires between 18 months to 2 years. Ideally this information is boldly written on our car tires showing the manufacturing date and expiration date, as well as the tire rim size.
I would commend gentlemen and women in cold climates who change their car tires during winter seasons and encourage others living at temperate to hot climates to imbibe the same practice regardless of weather. One of the worst experiences in the life of a motorist is being a victim of a bust tire while at top speed. Survival is very slim and requires an experienced driver to coast the car to a stop. Additionally, most car manuals categorically state the pressure required for each of the front wheel tires and the back wheel tires. Hence it is important to stick to the manufacturers’ recommendations. Every driver should visually inspect their car tires before driving out, and have all the tires checked if the car had been packed over a long time; a very critical safety tip.
6. Speed limits
There are many road users with different driving styles and different speeds for several reasons. The younger drivers are frequently notorious for speed limit fines while older drivers are notorious for incorrect parking fines. It is along this line that governments have introduced infrared CCTV cameras on the highways, streets and parking lots to checkmate drivers’ excesses and abuse of roads. No doubt speed limits can be a pain in the butt, but regardless, over speeding kills.
Ideally never exceed the road sign speed limit because it is accessed by authorities and deemed necessary to be put up on the road. The worst scenario is you hitting down a student at campus or knocking down a pedestrian on his right of way due to over speeding; I don’t think both your insurance company and the government will smile at you. So obey all speed limits even when you’re running late, do not say after all "it’s a point deduction from my license or I can pay the $50 fine." Well this habit can eventually lead to banning you from driving for certain long periods or driver's license withdrawn.
7. Drunk Driving
Road users are advised never to stay behind the wheels if they have taking alcohol. This is because a research has shown that alcohol will affect your visuals and psychomotor to become significantly weakened and results to misjudgment while driving.
You may know the unpopular streets to avoid the police stop and search or CCTV cameras during drunk driving, but the practice isn’t safe. However, one day you may consume more alcohol than your body can take which will result in fines, penalty and license withdrawn or thrown into cell. A drunk driver is a hazard on the road as well as a driver drinking and driving at the same time. A safety tip is to drive your drunken friend home if you have got the approved license because when the police stop a drunk driver, the passengers will equally be guilty and go in for it. So avoid this embarrassment from the police because ignorance of the law is not an excuse.
8. Car Radiators
As little as it may seem, car radiators are vital to optimal vehicular performance. Most people do not bother themselves with radiators and coolants because of the busyness of their lives. However, a properly maintained radiator is a properly maintained engine. A radiator help to cool off the engine and prevents the car from overheating, hence the nature of water introduced into the radiator can improve or reduce its efficiency.
Moreover, radiators circulate water round the engine to absorb heat and can also absorb other evaporated elements from the vehicle. For example a laboratory analysis of water from radiators shows high levels of heavy metals, it ultimately will need replacement from time to time to avoid rusting, and overheating. Drivers should ensure the use of their vehicles make and model recommended coolant to avoid blocking the engine and overheating. Safety tip is to slowly introduce the water into the radiator when the engine is cool on monthly bases.
Despite the best of safety measures out there, road traffic accidents have continued to occur. Therefore it is the primary duty of drivers and motorist to ensure the safety of themselves and other road users. This because vehicular accidents and incidents are unpredictable, but can be prevented to a reasonable extent using the eight safety tips published above.
Safety is 30% Common Sense, 80% Compliance and the rest is good luck..
— Barry Spud
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This content reflects the personal opinions of the author. It is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and should not be substituted for impartial fact or advice in legal, political, or personal matters.
© 2021 Amarachi Nkwoada