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Facts about the Mona Lisa

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Mr zino Engineer graduated from the University of Batna 2, my hobby is writing, researching, and working online

Mona Lisa Painting

Mona Lisa Painting

Mona Lisa Painting
The Mona Lisa is one of the most famous paintings in the world, a painting by the famous Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci, one of the most famous painters of the age, and whoever looks at the Mona Lisa notices her sad smile with the look of her eyes dominated by mystery, and it is said: da Vinci had hired a clown to make her keep her smile during his painting of her.

Also called the Geocanda, the Mona Lisa is small compared to Da Vinci's other paintings, with a length of 30 inches and a width of 21 inches.

Place of Mona Lisa Panel
Some popular beliefs say that the Mona Lisa painting is not complete; many of its details are believed to have disappeared or been damaged by its transfer from one frame to another; the painting remained with da Vinci moving from one country to another to showcase his skills and innovation in painting, where da Vinci carried the painting first to Milan, then Rome, and then France. King Francis I bought the painting, placed it in the Palais Châteaphontablu, then transferred the painting to the Palace of Versailles, and in 1798 he was taken to the Louvre in Paris, then taken by Napoleon and placed in his bedroom when the French Revolution took place in 1800, until the Mona Lisa was returned to the Louvre Museum in Paris by 1804.
The Mona Lisa is now located in the Louvre Museum in Paris, and is visited by about six million people annually, and each person can look at it for only 15 seconds on average.

The Truth of Mona Lisa
Leonardo da Vinci began painting the Mona Lisa in 1503, and finished it in 1510, where he painted it at the request of the Italian silk merchant Francisco del Giocondo, who was a close friend of da Vinci. He asked him to paint his third wife as an expression of his love for her, according to the Italian historian Giuseppe Palenti, where he researched it for 25 years. It was said that Francisco del Giocondo did not receive the painting, because da Vinci took a long time to paint it, and although there are indications of the existence of the Mona Lisa in the past, and her knowledge seemed to be personal to Vinci, but those clues do not prove that she is the same woman found in the painting, and no one knows who exactly is the woman painted in the painting, some say that she is Da Vishni's mother, and there are those who claim that she is a figment of his imagination, and others claim that she is the embodiment of the Virgin Mary.

There are many accounts about the character of the Mona Lisa and the secret of her sad smile; there is a novel that says: she was called Madonna Lisa Di Anteno, the third wife of the Italian silk merchant friend of da Vinci, while her sad smile da Vinci analyzed it with his artistic experience, and discovered that she loved someone else, and he died of a chronic terminal illness, and since then she did not laugh, and he also discovered that she married the silk trader against her will, and there are other sources that say: She was pregnant, sad because of the pain she was feeling.

A Chinese writer and historian named Angelo Paratico said that the Mona Lisa is a painting that Da Vinxi painted for his mother, a Chinese maid named Katrina, and said that the relationship between his father, who is believed to have been a government clerk, and his mother was reprehensible by those close to him because she is a maid, and Baratiko has researched this subject for years to prove this, and also concluded that she moved to the city of Vinci, because the relationship with the servants was inappropriate at the time, and Paratico said: (During the Renaissance, countries such as Italy and Spain were full of Eastern slaves, and as Sigmund Freud said in 1910, the Mona Lisa painting is probably a portrait of his mother, in the background of the image there are Chinese landscapes, and even her face looks Chinese), and this theory was refuted by the art historian Vitor Teixera, noting that Da Vinci's features do not indicate that he is of Chinese origin, so the idea that his mother is Chinese is far from reality.

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The techniques used in the drawing of the Mona Lisa

Painting at the artistic level. The Mona Lisa is famous for the use of a creative technique in its drawing. Da Vinci used an innovative technique that combines the side and front sections in the paintings of people, so that it gives the appearance of anthropomorphism to the painted person, and this technique is called medium projection. Before da Vinci invented this method of anthropomorphism, objects were painted completely either with a side projection or a front projection, both of which do not give depth to the image. Anyone who looks at the Mona Lisa carefully and with an artistic eye will notice that it takes on a hierarchical shape; the hands are located on the adjacent bases of the pyramid, the shoulders and head form the opposite sides of the pyramid, and many great contemporary painters, including Rafael, have imitated the style of Leonardo da Vinci.

Another technique introduced by da Vinci that was unknown before the Mona Lisa is the camouflage drawing, both of the features and the background, a method in which no clear lines of features appear, as the colors overlap among themselves in a blurry way to finally show the shape that the artist wanted to embody, and this technique enabled da Vinci to merge two different backgrounds from each other; the background to the right of the painted lady is different from the background on her left, as if da Vinci painted each of them from different heights, The difference is shown in the inclination, the line of sight, and the depth of the image.

Theft and return of the painting
In 1911, a young Frenchman named Pirugi stole the Mona Lisa from the museum, and no one noticed the disappearance of the painting, so. So the guards believed that the place of the painting had changed for the purposes of photography, and did not realize that it was stolen until the next day, and this was a major event. The museum was closed for nine days, the French border was closed, trains and ships were searched all together, and two years later the real thief, Vincenzo Pirogi, who was a carpenter working at the Louvre Museum at the time, was arrested, which facilitated the process of theft.

Vincenzo Pirogi sold the painting 451230 to an artist of Italian origin named Alfredo Guerry, and when Alfredo confirmed that it was the original Mona Lisa da Vinci, he informed the Italian authorities who had arrested the thief, and placed the Mona Lisa in the Bouver Gallery. The French government learned of the matter, so it carried out several negotiations with the aim of returning the painting, and these negotiations almost ended with the interruption of the relationship between the two countries, but ended with the restoration of the painting, and with it the thief to be tried for his act, and at trial he was able to convince the government that he was a national Italian, and that he intended to return the painting to Italy where it belonged to the original, and thus sentenced him to imprisonment only six months.

Mona Lisa throughout the ages
The Mona Lisa has been vandalized throughout the ages by many people. In 1956, In the same year, a woman threw a rock at it. In 1974, all the paintings were on display in Tokyo. A woman sprayed red paint on it, and in 2009, a woman upset by being deprived of French citizenship threw a cup on the painting that she had bought from the museum market itself, as for the role of nature in damaging the painting was represented by the effect of moisture On her, as it led to a warp in the wooden frame, and an incision that started from the top of the painting and reached the hair of the Mona Lisa, all those things that happened, prompted the painting to be surrounded by bulletproof glass to preserve it.

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