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How To Make Shadow Puppets!

Shadow of Eagle Puppet during our shadow puppet play

Shadow of Eagle Puppet during our shadow puppet play

How To Put On A Shadow Puppet Play!

Shadow puppets can be so much fun for kids! Our homeschool co-op put on a shadow puppet play for our end-of-the-school-year program a couple of years ago. We had such a great time!

On this page, I'll explain with illustrated step by step directions how you can make your own shadow puppets, set up your stage, and put on a play for your friends and family or maybe your school, scouting troop, or church!

Here's what we did.

1, First the kids in our homeschool co-op selected a story to act out. The story we selected had birds and other animals in it. The birds and other animals were having an argument and decided to settle it with a game. Our puppet show story was based on a book that we'd read earlier in the year about a Native American tradition.

2. After deciding upon the story we would use, each child designed a puppet for one of the characters in the play. The birds we made had wings that could flap, and most of the other animals had mouths that could open and close. A few animals also had a movable tail. In addition, there was a ball puppet, and two goal posts puppets. We even had tiny little rackets that could be put on and taken off the puppets during the performance, as needed!

What you need to make your own shadow puppets

Collect the following materials to use for your shadow puppets and the stage

For the Puppets


clear contact paper



thick, yet bendable, wire

duct tape

wire clippers

needle nose pliers

hot glue gun and glue sticks

hobby knife

brad clips - if you want your puppet to have 1 or more movable parts

For the Stage

Scroll to Continue

a white sheet (to project the shadows on)

one or two bright lights

thumb tacks or push pins

A place to attach the sheet - such as a corner of a room or a frame of some sort

Some of the things you'll need for making shadow puppets

Tip 1 On Making Shadow Puppets

Before you begin to create your puppets, why not select a favorite book or write a story to act out? That will give you an idea as to what types of puppets you need, and what you need them to be able to do!

Fox puppet

Fox puppet

Fox Puppet - before the movable mouth was attached with a brad clip.

Fox Puppet - before the movable mouth was attached with a brad clip.

Movable wing for Eagle puppet

Movable wing for Eagle puppet

How to create your shadow puppets

Step by step instructions

1. Draw the puppet's outline.

Draw the outline of your puppet on a piece of posterboard. Make your puppet large, so it can easily be seen from a distance! All you really need is the basic outline of your puppet. There's no need to draw a lot of details inside your puppet since those details won't be seen by the audience anyway, but you can include a hole for an eye (or eyes) and other things like that, if you'd like.

2. Create movable parts, if desired.

If you'd like for your puppet to have a movable part, such as a mouth that opens and closes, wings that flaps, or a tail that wags, you'll need to draw, and cut out, that part separately, and later attach it with a brad clip. I recommend only creating one movable part per puppet, at least for the first several puppets you make. Having several movable parts on a single puppet makes it harder to maneuver the puppet and takes more skill.

Eagle holding removable racket. During part of the play, the characters needed to be holding rackets, so we attached the rackets with a small ball of tape rolled sticky side out.

Eagle holding removable racket. During part of the play, the characters needed to be holding rackets, so we attached the rackets with a small ball of tape rolled sticky side out.

Shadow made by Eagle puppet during the performance

Shadow made by Eagle puppet during the performance

3. Cut out your shadow puppet.

4. Give your puppet a double layer of poster board.

Place your shadow puppet on top of another piece of poster board. Draw around it and cut that out too. Then glue the two together. This not only makes a studier puppet that will last longer, it also makes it easier to keep all parts of the puppet touching the sheet during the performance, and allows less light to shine though, thus creating a darker shadow.

5. Cover both sides of your puppet (and any small parts too) with clear contact paper.

6. Attach any movable parts.

Use the hobby knife (with adult supervision!) to make a tiny hole in the puppet, and another one in the movable part, then connect them with a brad clip. Make sure the hole is large enough to allow the brad clip to to turn easily.

7. Cut and bend the wires.

Cut a piece of wire about a foot and a half long. Use the needle nose pliers to bend the end of the wire into a curved hook, and then bend the curved hook so that it's perpendicular to the rest of the wire.


First, bend the wire into a small hook.

Second, bend the small hook perpendicular to the rest of the wire.

8. Attach the wires.

Hot glue the curved and bent hook to the back of the puppet. After the glue has hardened, cover it with duct tape to hold the wire in place even more securely.

If your puppet has a movable part, you'll need to also attach a curved, bent wire to the movable part. (Very small movable parts often don't work for this reason. They must be big enough to allow room for the wire!)

Notice that both the body of the puppet, plus his movable mouth, have wires attached.

Notice that both the body of the puppet, plus his movable mouth, have wires attached.


9. Make a handle.

Make a handle at the place where your hand will hold the puppet by wrapping duct tape around the wire. You can also bend the wire some (as shown below), if it makes it easier to manage the puppet.

10. Now practice working your puppet some!

Get use to the motions needed to move your puppet's mouth, tail, etc. Sometimes it's necessarily to remove the wires and reposition them in a new way in order to get the best control of your puppet.

Note: The shadow puppets shown here were all made by children in our homeschool co-op!

Set Up The Shadow Puppet Stage!

1.The Support.

Our homeschool group had two large movable pegboards on stands that we were able to stretch a sheet between for our stage. It worked perfectly for our needs!

If you happen to have a puppet stage, that works too - just cover the opening with a small sheet or other piece of white fabric.

We've also just stretched a sheet across a corner of a room before, securing it on each wall with a few pushpins.

2. The Sheet.

No matter what you use to support the sheet, you want the sheet or fabric to be thick enough that the puppeteers won't be seen, but thin enough that the puppets will!

Also, try to pull the sheet fairly taunt. The puppets won't show up as well if there are lots of wrinkles and folds in the fabric.

3. The Light.

Set up a light on the same side of the sheet that the puppeteers will stand. If possible, place the light between the puppets and the puppeteers so that only the puppets will make shadows on the sheet. You may find that two lights, both behind the sheet but one each side of the stage, may produce better shadows.

Tip 2: Working the Puppets

For best visibility, the puppets should actually just barely touch the sheet during the play. (Any part not touching might not be visible to the audience.)

If you want a puppet to go "off stage," just pull your puppet away from the sheet a few inches.

The kids in our homeschool co-op rehearsed their shadow puppet play for several days prior to putting it on during the end-of-the-year program.

The kids in our homeschool co-op rehearsed their shadow puppet play for several days prior to putting it on during the end-of-the-year program.

Rehearse, rehearse, rehearse!

In the photo above, the children are rehearsing their play. The sheet is stretched between two large wooden pegboard structures that we had in the room. At the moment, the sheet is not really pulled taunt enough.

As they rehearsed, one of the homeschool moms teaching them stood on the other side of the sheet from the kids, watching their rehearsal and offering tips, such as "Remember to make your puppets lightly touch the sheet, or they won't be visible to the audience!"

The Performance

If you want to impress your audience, rehearse your puppet show several times following your script, before you invite your audience to watch! When saying your lines, remember to speak extra loudly, as your voice must travel through the sheet! If you'd like, have a narrator stand on the same side of the sheet as the audience, and tell the story as the puppets act it out.

Remember to come out from behind the stage and take your bow! - The youth are holding their shadow puppets.


Puppets, from left to right: Boar, Eagle, Alligator, Bat, Crane.

(Note: There were several others children and puppets in our performance too.)

Want to make more complicated puppets?

The youth in our co-op ranged in age from first grade up to fifth grade at the time they did their shadow puppet performance, and this was their first exposure to making shadow puppets, so we opted to "keep it simple."

If you have older youth, or if your youth have already had some practice with shadow puppets, you may like to try some more complicated puppets. You can see some in the youtube videos below!

Shadow Puppet Tutorial

How to make the screen and move the puppets

© 2009 JanieceTobey

Thanks for visiting my Shadow Puppets site!Comments? Questions? You don't have to be a member of Squidoo to leave a comment here!

Linda Hoxie from Idaho on June 28, 2013:

This is a very cool lens, love shadow puppets. I remember me and my mom making them as a kid. Great lens!

BigsteveC on December 27, 2012:

hey janiece - i was checking out another of your lenses and i saw this one and had to stop by - i've already sent it off to my sister in law who has young kids and i'll also send it to one of my fellow teachers at the local middle school - she's the art teacher and is always looking for fun projects for the kids - it also brings back memories long forgotten of some puppet shows i did as a kid - we weren't very professional but we sure had a lot of fun - on another note - his current problems notwithstanding - this is how kevin clash got started as a puppeteer - he's the elmo creator on sesame street

anonymous on November 12, 2012:

it is very informative....... some more illustration of fixing the rods.

Auntie-M LM on May 02, 2012:

As a former children's librarian, I love all kinds of puppets. These are truly splendid ones that kids can make themselves. Super. Just super.

anonymous on February 28, 2012:

Thanks for a great lens on shadow puppets. I've always liked this type of theatre, and I taught a few sessions of shadow puppet theatre once at a summer camp. It was tons of fun! Maybe I'll put up a lens about it sometime!

June Nash on February 27, 2012:

Such a wonderful idea! Great lens!

Kathy McGraw from California on February 26, 2012:

I had done some research on Shadow Puppets for an idea I had, and reading this and watching how the kids did it was perfect. Shadow Puppets look like a fun way to share a story as evidenced by the smiling cast members in your photo. *Blessed*

Deb Kingsbury from Flagstaff, Arizona on February 26, 2012:

I love it! I'm going to suggest this as something my boyfriend and I can do with his niece and nephew. What a creative idea and a wonderful lens.

anonymous on February 26, 2012:

Wow! This is very creative indeed!

Lee Hansen from Vermont on February 26, 2012:

Stopping back to enjoy this creative shadow puppet craft lens once again.

irenemaria from Sweden on February 26, 2012:

I just love this lens. Personal with photos and guidance for us to try. Blessings!

Terrie_Schultz on February 13, 2012:

Very cool!

bolsen19 on August 29, 2011:

Sounds like such a fun idea.

Rhonda Albom from New Zealand on August 21, 2011:

Great lens on how to make shadow puppets. Blessed. Added to By Kids 4 Kids.

Stacy Birch on May 12, 2011:

Nice job on the lens, great ideas.

Mary Norton from Ontario, Canada on March 14, 2011:

I remembered as a child, we had so much fun inventing some of the stories.

Cynthia Sylvestermouse from United States on March 12, 2011:

Fabulous! I love shadow puppets! They are so much fun to make and play.

Sandy Mertens from Frozen Tundra on March 05, 2011:

This looks like so much fun. Great instructions.

tiff0315 on February 06, 2011:

My kids would absolutely love this! Thanks for the ideas

anonymous on January 24, 2011:

This is such a funny activity for kids. I love the idea and the kids look like they are having fun too.

Linda Hoxie from Idaho on January 18, 2011:

Oh what great fun for kids and adults alike. We used to love to make hand shadow animals on the wall of our tent when we were camping. Great lens!

anonymous on January 06, 2011:

I am simply enchanted with your shadow puppets and love the behind the scenes look at your crew! Great step by step for amazing and creative fun!

Jimmie Quick from Memphis, TN, USA on October 12, 2010:

This is incredible! We did shadow puppets on a much smaller scale.

anonymous on July 05, 2010:

I liked the article on the shadow play. It gives me another idea on how to do them. I have some acrylic vinyl that I want to try ouut as well (smaller stage - raised up).

How2BooksandVideos on February 13, 2010:

I always like the finger shadow puppets we made as kids--can you show some of those sometime?

anonymous on January 08, 2010:

this is the best idea ever for shadow puppets .

mMy students do it every friday at the end of the day.

Lee Hansen from Vermont on November 30, 2009:

Wonderfully creative play ideas - shadow puppets are my new favorite paper toy!

WiseWoman1 on November 14, 2009:

This is one of the best lenses I have seen. Its such a great idea to make shadow puppets and you give all the instructions so clearly. Well done!

daoine lm on October 29, 2009:

Oh what fun! I made one of these when I was a child - I will definitely have to give it another go.

Nancy Tate Hellams from Pendleton, SC on October 17, 2009:

I just love puppets and puppet shows. This is a wonderful educational lens showing How To Make Shadow Puppets!

anonymous on July 20, 2009:

Very nice! We did have a lot of fun with that:) Thanks for sharing

Anthony Godinho from Ontario, Canada on July 20, 2009:

This is a very creative way to engage kids and get them to work together. I really like the detailed, step-by-step approach you took and used pictures to make it even easier to understand...very well done!

Moe Wood from Eastern Ontario on July 16, 2009:

Excellent how with great picture and text directions. Totally not what I expected.

bdkz on July 13, 2009:

Very informative lens!

Kiwisoutback from Massachusetts on July 13, 2009:

I haven't done this since I was a kid. Mine were nowhere near this sophisticated though. Very cool!

hlkljgk from Western Mass on July 12, 2009:

cool! syna will love this

Robin S from USA on July 12, 2009:

how cute is this? wonderful!

clouda9 lm on July 11, 2009:

OMG stuff like this that is from the heart. The pictorial and show was marvelous!

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