Illustatrations from Hunchback of Notre Dame
Victor Hugo's Hunchback of Notre Dame has been inspiring artists of all kinds since it was first published in 1831.
From painters to musician to dancers, to sculptors etc. And being a the classic book it has been illustrated by various artists since the beginning.
So let's take a visual tour of the book through illustrations and other drawings of the Hunchback of Notre Dame!
(Pictures are more or less in order as they occur in the novel. Also there are a tons more of illustrations from Hunchback.)
Hunchback of Notre Dame Characters - Francois Joseph Aime De Lemud
This illustration was done by Francois Joseph Aime De Lemud and showcases all the characters in the Hunchback of Notre Dame. It captures their importance, roles, appearances, and their personalities perfectly.
An Illustration of Esmeralda - by Gustave Brion
This picture by Gustave Brion gives a lovely depiction of the novel's leading lady, Esmeralda. It shows her a lovely young girl who dances for the people of Paris with her goat, Djali. There is richness to this illustration that brings the character to life.
It's one of my favorite illustrations from the book.
Another image of Esmeralda dancing but an unknown artist. This one too has her with Djali. This one shows her grace and small feet. However since her back is to the viewer it allows the viewer to imagine her facial features more.
Esmeralda - Pyotr Pinkisevich
This painting-like illustration by Pyotr Pinkisevich focuses on Esmeralda and Djali amidst performing for people in front of Notre Dame.
She is less in a dance-pose in this one but Esmeralda also sang so that could what this image is depicting. The picture as a dream-like quality and shows Esmeralda's importance by making her take up the most space in the image.
Esmeralda Illustration - 19th century
As you might has guessed, Esmeralda and Djali were a popular subject.
This one is a more imminent moment between the pair. While not as refined as some of the other, the simplicity and the composition is lovely.
Esmeralda Illustration - 1890
This is the most illustration on the page. Most likely it was draw from life. It's unclear which part of the book is being depicted or the mood. It looks like she is in Notre Dame but as she is not dressed as prisoner or a nun she is most likely not in sanctuary yet.
An Illustration Quasimodo on a Bell
This Illustration of Quasimodo on a Bell is by an unknown artist. It shows Quasimodo's deformity but also display with his enthusiasm for the bells which in the books were very precious to him.
Pope of Fools - L.H de Rudder 1844
This illustration by L.H de Rudder depicts the Pope of Fools, where the ugliest face is given the title.
In the book Quasimodo is crowned. This image has Quasimodo displaying his face to the crowd through a window prior to winning.
Illustration of Quasimodo - Francois Flameng 1885
Much like the previous illustration by L.H de Rudder, this one by Francois Flameng is a close up on Quasimodo's face.
You can clearly see his bushy hair, huge jagged teeth, his bulbous nose, and his eyes where one is covered and the other is barley invisible. This depiction is near identical to how Hugo describes Quasimodo in the book.
Quaismodo as the Pope of Fool - Edouard de Beaumont 1844
Edouard de Beaumont captures the parade of the Pope of Fools. Quasimodo is shown being carried by the people of Paris. It's a very detailed image and you get a sense of the Quasimodo's isolation and lonley even when he is part of a crowd.
Phoebus saving Esmeralda from Quasimodo - Aime de Lemud 1844
The plot of the books gets underway when Frollo commands Quasimodo to kidnap Esmeralda and she is saved by the handsome Captain Phoebus.
In Aime de Lemud's illustration we see Esmeralda on Phoebus' horse while Quasimdo tries to pull her off as Frollo runs off. The scene doesn't play out quite like this as Quasimodo is arrested by Phoebus' men by the time she is on his horse. But it's a good images that depicts the scene in a nutshell.
The Leaders of The Court of Miracles - L.H de Rudder 1844
This picture by L.H de Rudder shows the leader of the Cort of Miracles, Clopin; King of Beggars and Slang and the Duke of Egypt.
Quasimodo on the Pillory - L.H de Rudder 1844
Quasimodo's punishment for kidnapping Esmeralda, interrupting the peace and resisting arrest is public whipping on the pillory and an hour of exposure.
Quasimodo's deformity is less accurate in this illustration but you can see the joy the of people which is countered by Quasimodo's pained look.
Esmeralda giving Quasimodo water - Tony Johannot
After Quasimodo's whipping he begs for water and only Esmeralda answers his plea. This is a pivotal scene as this is when Quasimodo falls in love with her.
This illustration by Tony Johannot is rough and very sketchy but the juxtaposition between Esmeralda's youth and beauty and Quasimodo's ugly is very apparent
Esmeralda giving Quaismodo water - Gustave Brion
Another scene of Esmeralda giving Quasimodo water. This one is by Gustave Brion. It is more detailed than the previous one but you can't see Quasimodo's face but his wounds and Esmeralda's annoyed stance is a nice touch taken from the book.
An Illustration of Emeralda giving water to Quasimodo - Francois Flameng 1885
This illustration by Francois Flameng is the most detailed rendering of this scene. Much like the other one by Gustave Brion, Quasimodo is facing away from the viewer. However you can see his wounds and bushy hair. Esmeralda also is lot more friendly looking in this drawing.
Illustration of Frollo
This illustration depicts Frollo and King Louis. Louis visits Frollo to learn about his alchemy experiment and if he has turned lead into gold. It's a richly detailed image and you can really see Frollo stern and austere appearance.
An illustration of Gringoire balancing a chair in this teeth - 1844
After Gringoire and Esmeralda get married, Gringoire starts performing in the streets. His main trick is balancing a chair in his teeth with a cat on it. This illustration shows this scene. You can see Gringoire's uncomfort and Frollo's distain.
Frollo in his cell - Francois Joseph Aime de Lemud
This image by Francois Joseph Aime de Lemud shows Frollo in his cell where he study alchemy. It also shows his younger brother, Jehan poking his head in. It's really gives a lot of details in items Frollo has in his cell and his own brooding.
Jehan Frollo du Moulin
This illustration is of Jehan Frollo du Moulin, Frollo's younger brother, as well Frollo is the background. This image really shows the contrasts in their personalities. Where Frollo is deep in thought, Jehan draws comical pictures on the wall.
An illustration Frollo writing Anatkh
According to accounts, Victor Hugo was inspired to write the story of "Notre Dame de Paris" when he shown the word Anatkh craved on the Wall of Notre Dame. He thought about the person who craved it and Frollo was born.
This image illustartion Frollo craving the word on the wall of his cell. Anatkh is a greek concept that loosely means "Dark Destiny." All the main characters in Hunchback are affected by Anatkh.
Colored Illustration of Phoebus and Esmeralda
This colored illustration focuses of Esmeralda and Phoebus meeting in which Frollo hides in a closet and stabs Phoebus out of jealousy and Esmeralda is accused of murdering Phoebus.
The colors are warm but there is a certain sense of danger as if something is watching the unsuspecting lovers.
Frollo stabbing Phoebus - Francois Flameng 1885
In this illustration by Francois Flameng we see Frollo about to stab Phoebus cloaked in darkness. In the book Esmeralda saw him stab Phoebus so the composition of the characters is perfect. Also you got to love Phoebus' smug face.
Frollo kissing Esmeralda - Nicolas Eustache Maurin
In this Illustration by Nicolas Eustache Maurin before Frollo flees the scene he gives Esmeralda a lusty kiss while she is passed out. It's a very lovely richly detail image. You can see how truly crazed Frollo is in this illustration.
An Illustration of Phoebus and Esmeralda in the aftermath of Frollo's jealousy
In this illustration we see a wounded Phoebus and fainted Esmeralda. This what Frollo flees from after stabbing Phoebus and imprinting Esmeralda with a kiss. It's a very dark illustration from a dark part of the novel
Examination of Esmeralda
After Esmeralda is arrest for stabbing Phoebus and witchcraft she is put on trial and tortured into confessing. The method they use is crushing her foot in a vice. In this image she looks very vulnerable as she is about to be tortured.
Examination of Esmeralda
This illustration we see Esmeralda being activity tortured as the vice crushes her tiny foot. Though this image has a sketchy quality her pain is is evident.
Esmeralda in the dungeon of La Tournelle - Burdet
One of the more pivotal scene in the book is when Frollo goes to Esmeralda in her jail cell and tells her everything and tries to save only to be rejected. In this illustration by Burdet we see Frollo entering her cell but he has not revealed himself to her.
An Illustration of Quasimodo saving Esmeralda - Francois Joseph Aime De Lemud 1844
Arguably the most memorable scenes in the novel is when Quasimodo rescues Esmeralda from her execution.
In this illustration by Francois Joseph Aime De Lemud we see a very grotesque trollo-like Quasimodo carrying Esmeralda inside Notre Dame.
An Illustration of Quasimodo saving Esmeralda
In this illustration a more youthful looking Quasimodo triumphantly carries Esmeralda through Notre Dame. In this picture Quasimodo lifts Esmeralda as if she weights nothing.
Esmeralda weeping in Notre Dame
After Esmeralda is saved, she must adjust to life in the cathedral far from the life she knew before. As a vain sixteen year old this adjustment isn't easy and she weeps after she learns this. This image shows her crying while wearing the clothing Quasimodo gave her.
Esmeralda dancing with Djali - Charles de Steuben, engraving by Jean-Pierre-Marie Jazet
In this engraving we see Esmeralda dancing with Djali. It's unclear if she is actually in Notre Dame but her simple white dress and the widow behind them make it seem like she is in Notre Dame.
Esmeralda in Notre Dame - Ferrari
This illustration by Ferrari show Esmeralda in the clothing that Quasimodo gave her looking scared on her bed which Quasimodo also gave her. Djali tries to comfort her but to no avail. This image is very life-like and was probably drawn from a model.
Quasimodo attacking Frollo in defense of Esmeralda - Nicolas Eustache Maurin
In this illustration by Nicolas Eustache Maurin depicts Quasimodo attacking Frollo after Frollo tried to force himself on Esmeralda.
It's a very detailed image as we see Frollo's shock as Quasimodo violently attacks him in the dark. And we Esmeralda's modesty which is often mention in the novel but never in other versions.
Clopin leads the Court to save Esmeralda
In this illustration Clopin starts to lead the charge to save Esmeralda from Notre Dame as it is believed by the Court of Miracles that sanctuary is in danger as well as Esmeralda. However this charge will lead to her death.
Quasimodo defending Notre Dame - L.H de Rudder 1844
As the Court of Miracle attacks Notre Dame to save Esmeralda, Quasimodo thinks they are demanding her death so he fights them off.
In this illustration by L.H de Rudder Quasimodo throws rocks off the cathedral in an attempt to defend Esmeralda and Notre Dame
An Illustration of Molten lead pouring out from Notre Dame de Paris
The highlight of the attack on Notre Dame is when Quasimodo pours molten lead on the Cort of Miracles. This illustration showcase this part perfectly.
Death of Clopin - L.H Rudder 1844
After Quasimodo pretty much defeats the Court of Miracles with the lead, soldiers come. They were ordered by the King thinking that the people attack Notre dame because they wanted Esmeralda's death. The soldiers attack the court and kill Clopin.
Frollo leaving Esmeralda with Sister Gudule - Louis Boulanger 1831
As the Court of Miracle attacks Notre Dame, Gringoire and Frollo sneak in and get Esmeralda out. Gringoire runs off with Djali leaving Esmeralda with Frollo. Frollo begs Esmeralda to accept him but she rejects him and he leaves in the hands of the recluse nun Sister Gudule while he finds the soldiers. Sister Gudule has always had a hatred for Esmeralda and Gypsies as her own daughter was stolen by Gypsies.
In this Illustration by Louis Boulanger we see Frollo leaving poor Esmeralda with Gudule who looks to too delighted to help with Esmeralda's death. However as Esmeralda begs for her life it is revealed the Esmeralda is her daughter.
Sister Gudule and Esmeralda - Luc-Oliver Merson
After they learn that they are mother and daughter, Sister Gudule pulls Esmeralda into the cell to try to save her from the soldiers.
In this illustration by Luc-Oliver Merson we see Gudule's desperation as the soldiers try and force themselves in to claim her precious daughter's life.
The Death of Frollo - Francois Flameng 1885
As Esmeralda is being hanged Frollo and Quasimodo watch from Notre Dame. Frollo laughs as she dies and in a fit of rage Quasimodo pushes Frollo off the cathedral.
In this illustration by Francois Flameng Frollo holds on for dear life while Quasimodo watches him. This occurs much like novel where Frollo does cling fro his life and does fall to his death but he doesn't die right away.
Illustrations by Benjamin Lacombe
Some of Disney's Hunchback Concept Art
The Art of Disney movie
Do like these Illustrations?
anonymous on September 20, 2013:
I love the one of Jehan drawing on the wall! do you know who the artist was by chance?
RiverCygnet (author) on August 15, 2011:
@jptanabe: Thank you so much for you blessing ^_^
Jennifer P Tanabe from Red Hook, NY on August 14, 2011:
Oh wow, how can I have a favorite! So many great illustrations, especially of Esmarelda. Blessed by a SquidAngel on the Back to School Bus Trip.