Student in Mass Communication with a keen interest in Production process.
Digital Storytelling is a context of image making and are the reasons for recording images. Digital Storytelling is a form of constructing photographs and framing videos into a good photograph or a good short movie based on the types of stories required. Digital Storytelling is a way to tell the difference between a story and a report.
What is Digital Storytelling?
Digital Storytelling or visual storytelling is a story told primarily through the use of visual media. Visual media includes, info graphics, movies or even e-learning. These stories can be told using still photography, illustration or videos and can be enhanced with graphics, music, voice or other forms of audio.
Reasons To Record Images and Videos
Most of us love memories, but how can we keep them without losing it (unless prompted), we capture it, how we capture it? by using cameras. Some of the reasons to record images is to capture memories, capture moments, tell stories and practice as a photographer.
How do we construct photograph and frame videos?
Shots are all about composition, its not just about pointing the camera at the subject, you'll need to create stories with the picture. The technique is very subjective, what we look for is a few accepted industry guidelines which you should use as rule of thumb. The rules of framing video images also apply to photography.
Types of camera shots
Establishing shot: Establishing shot is the shot for the opening of the scene, this type of shot gives the audience an idea of where they are. Establishing shots is exactly how the name suggests, to establish where the program is set. This shot is commonly done using exterior shots, which gives a view of the surroundings.
Master shot:It is a long continuous shot that captures the actions from start to finish. In films, a master shot is usually filmed as a opening shot of the scene which is normally long shots. Master shots are a continuous shot, therefore, it does not cut to other shots. An example of this shot is in the movie 1917.
Close up shot: This is a shot that shows a small part of the scene, normally a character's face. This makes the frame focus on the subject bigger. Close up shots are commonly used to stress the importance of the character at a particular moment in a film, placing him/her at the center of attention.
Extreme close up shot: This shot makes the subject shown very large, usually to capture emotions of the character or what they are doing, for instance, a mobile phone text scene.
Medium close up shot: This shot is a halfway point of a mid shot and a close up shot. Medium close up shots is normally framing the shoulder or chest to head, normally it fills most of the screen. This kind of shot is normally seen in indoor scenes when there is element of intimacy or a coming together of 2 characters.
Long/Wide shot: This is a type of shot that scales down the subject to make the subject smaller which creates a bigger room for the other background elements appear more. This kind of shot is commonly seen in an arena or stadium scene where there is a need to capture many subjects at once.
Aerial shot: This shot is commonly done with an airplane or a helicopter, as the name suggests, it is done in the air. It can either be a still shot or a moving shot. In terms of film, this kind of shot is similar to an establishing shot.
Point-of-view shot: POV or Point-Of-View shows what the character is seeing, this shot is commonly used in horror movies but at times, certain action movies.
Over the shoulder shot: Its a shot filmed behind a character's shoulder to show another character. This type of shot is common when there are two characters having a conversation.
Types of camera angles
High Angle - High angle is when the camera is placed at a higher ground, establishing the subject as smaller and less significant. A high angle shot may make the character seem more superior and the subject more vulnerable. An example would be, Anakin and Luke Skywalker's confrontation in Star Wars.
Low angle - Low angle gives a sense of confusion to a viewer, the most common background is a sky or the ceiling. Low angles normally make the viewer feel curious about what is happening from the point of view of the character.
When we watch movies and understand the angles involved, we sometimes wonder, what are the other characters doing? what are the background characters up to? and what can we viewers get from the movie?
Now, it is safe to say that you've learnt many types of shots and the 2 major camera angles in this article. Now you can try them out when you're taking a picture in the future. Use your photography skills to tell a story.
© 2020 Nigel Koay