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How to Make Resin Jewelry

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Pendant Necklace

pendant necklace

pendant necklace

A Little About Jewelry

Jewelry is made from wide range of material. You have some made from precious metal, enamel, beads, and shells. Other materials are gemstones, coral, amber, resins.

They play an important role in fashion, status symbols, religion, traditional practices. The adornment is worn on different parts of the human body from the ears, neck, wrists, waist and toes.

The functionality is diverse from status symbol, cloths adornments, artistic expression, affiliation or ethnicity. More functions are present in religion symbolism or talismanic properties.

How they are Made

There are several ways to make them. The methods are bead-work, goldsmith, casting, use of adhesives. Others are forging, riveting, stapling, welding or carving.

Precious stones found in jewelry include amber, diamonds, ruby, and emeralds. Others are sapphire, turquoise, quarts, jade, amethyst.

Popular metals include silver, gold, platinum, base metals. More materials are wood, enamel, clay, polymer, shells. Modern jewelry has plastics, pearl, precious metal clay, opal.

Jewelry

different types of Jewelry

different types of Jewelry

Different Jewelry

1. Cufflinks

2. Earrings

3. Necklaces

4. Pendants

5. Bracelets

6. Brooches

7. Adornments

8. Buckles

9. Belts

10. Rings

11. Resin jewelry

Baumharz resin cherry

Baumharz resin cherry

Baumharz resin cherry

What is Resin?

Resin is derived from a viscous substance that could be natural or synthetic. Natural resin is commonly found on trees and acts as a bandage protector from herbivores, pathogens, destructive insects. The composition is a mixture of compounds or secretions.

A natural plant resin primarily consists of terpenes and other derivates such as limonene or beta-pinene. Common plant resins include copal, balsam, and amber. We also have interesting ones like gum guaiacum, elemi, Galbanum.

Different Types of Resin

The different types are fossil, plant secretions, synthetic and rosin. Rosen is a translucent solid form of resin. You have silicone, polyester, polystyrene, epoxy. More are acrylic, methacrylate, polyurethane.

Most plants produce them in their stem and the secretion is extremely viscous. While synthetic resins are more silicone based. Sometimes non-resinous exudates like mucilage, latex or sap are confused as resin. They are entirely different with their own purpose and functionality.


Types

1 fossil resin

2 plant secretions

3 synthetic

This image shows resin with an insect

This image shows resin with an insect

This image shows resin with an insect

Uses of Plant Resin

There are different uses of plant resin in the production of several items. Some common uses are as glazing agents, adhesives or as vanishes.

In ancient Egypt the highly priced product is common in perfumes or incense. The incense was usually used for ancient rituals or festivities. Transparent resin are ideal for adhesives, vanishes while softer ones such as gum are found in therapeutic medicine, incense, food flavoring, essential oils.

Diamond Mold - Silicon Mold

Diamond Mold  - Jewelry Mold for Jewellery Making - Epoxy , Craft Mold -Silicone Mold Resin

Diamond Mold - Jewelry Mold for Jewellery Making - Epoxy , Craft Mold -Silicone Mold Resin

Synthetic Resin

The plant resin is completely different from synthetic. However they feature similar qualities, are viscous liquids that harden. The process of manufacturing the liquid includes use of organic compounds, esterfication or soaping.

Thermosetting plastic uses one monomer while Epoxy resin requires the application of one or two monomers. The harden resultant of the process sometimes has a different name or classification. There are different types are based on the manufactured process and compounds.

Common ones are acetal or epoxy, unsaturated polyester. The pot time for silicone is minutes and cure several hours. The resin finish is not ideal for jewelry and you need proper safety gear.

Polyester or fiberglass resin has minutes of pot time and cures in several hours. While the finished products can achieve a clear shiny surface, however you need proper ventilation, use a respirator because of its noxious smell. Epoxy is ideal for a glossy finish, no need for respirator and an all purpose resin.

Types, Uses and Equipment

Things to Consider

Types of ResinUses of Plant ResinResin Making Equipment

fossil

glazing agent

mold

rosin

Adhesive

measuring cup

synthetic

vanishe

Blow dryer

Workshop Materials and Equipment

Before making the jewelry you need certain items. You need safety gear like latex gloves, cast jewelry molds, wax paper and blow dryer.

Others include epoxy, toothpick, adhesive, measuring cup. Stock ring pads, flat safety pins, plastic bin or shoebox. More materials are resin filler, studs, dried flowers, condiment squeeze bottle, dehumidifier.


Equipment

1. Latex gloves

2. Cast jewelry molds

3. Wax paper

4. Blow dryer

5. Epoxy

6. Toothpick

7. Adhesive

8. Measuring cup

9. Ring pads

10. Flat safety pins

11. Plastic bin

12. Shoebox

Casting

The methodology of resin casting requires a mold, plastic cast and filling agent. A synthetic liquid is poured into a cast that eventually hardens. The hardening is achieved on the polarization of the liquid monomer into polymer.

A curing agent or catalyst is also introduced in the casting. It has many applications in creative arts or small scale production. The process could be applied to make toys, collectables, jewelry, models.

The process involves the creation of a mold for casting. The mold could be made from silicon rubber or latex. The molds are only durable for a limited amount of usage while metal molds are more durable.

The method involves pouring the resin into a cast and vacuum applied to reduce air bubbles. This is achievable by using a pressure pot, dryer or vacuum chamber.

Products

Resin casting is used to produce different products. The products are scale models, customized toys, figures, jewelry. The process of making the products has limited units produced from one cast. The person makes a custom cast by sculpting a two part mold.

Question

How to Make Resin Jewelry

Making it is moderately challenging, low cost and interesting. You can experiment with various shapes, colors or formations. It is practicable from home and you need only basic tools.

The general requirements are type of resin, cure and potting period. The amount of pot time depends on the compound applied. Make sure you know the cure time of the type of resin you use.

Other considerations are safety gear, creating a work space and storage container to prevent contamination during the cure period. It is important to measure the amount of humidity and temperature. Some people use dehumidifiers for better results.

The type of piece also dictates the methodology. Casting resin with embedments in the jewelry should be properly sealed. This is to prevent trapped air or bubble in your product. It is important embedment’s are left to dry for a full day then prepare the resin.

The Process

pouring the resin and cure

pouring the resin and cure

filling the mold

filling the mold

applying heat to remove air bubbles

applying heat to remove air bubbles

Prepare the Mold

The next step is to prepare the mold. For easier extraction of your casting introduce a spray conditioner. Some are made from petroleum based, paraffin or a rubber mold. This makes it easier to release if you are working with synthetic resin like silicone.

How to Use Ice Resin, Molds and Color Dyes

Prepare the Mixture

There are different types of material used in making resin products. The mixture generally consists of catalysts, activators. While mixing carefully follow the indications/directions of the manufacturers.

To achieve accuracy use measuring cups and mix as indicated. The general method is to pour the measured resin and catalyst into one cup then stir. Make sure you stir lightly to avoid air bubbles at the side of the cup or center.

Add Color

To add color to your mixture you could settle for liquid colorant or dry pigment. To add dry pigment color /liquefy, introduce to small resin solution then add to main mixture.

On the other hand add only a few drops/drop of color pigments of your liquefied colorant. Make sure the pigment you choose does not encourage moisture and experiment with other plant or synthetic colors. The most important aspect is to makes sure the product is properly cured.

Pouring and Mixing

You can add anything to your design such as glitter, flowers, jewelry, beads, and pictures. Don’t use fresh flowers in your resin instead use dry and seal before intruding to the resin.

Another way is to spray organic items with a gloss sealer before adding the resin. Pour a little resin to form a base, introduce the design then cover by pouring the remaining mixture.

This process should effectively reduce air bubbles in the mixture. Use a toothpick to pop emerging bubbles or apply other ingenious methods. You can use a hair dryer or hand lighter to remove the air bubbles.Then finally let it harden and cover the mold with a box to prevent contaminants.

How to Make a Transparent Pendant

Finishing

Once your product is completely cured, remove from the mold. It should easily remove however some might require gentle prodding. Smooth the edges with sandpaper or a nail file. You can apply wax for a clear glossy effect. The art is fun and could be an additional source of income.

Comments

femi (author) from Nigeria on April 09, 2018:

Thanks for you comment Chitrangada

Chitrangada Sharan from New Delhi, India on April 09, 2018:

Beautiful, interesting and informative article about Resin jewellery! I have always appreciated these jewellery pieces, but didn’t know anything about them. These look so beautiful and precious. I would love to own some of them, and also attempt to create some if I could.

Thanks for sharing!

femi (author) from Nigeria on April 07, 2018:

Hello Nasrullah Awan i am fine thanks for visiting

Nasrullah Awan from Pakistan on April 06, 2018:

Hy How are you?

agusfanani from Indonesia on April 05, 2018:

One of the projects that keep on obsessing me is making creations using resin.