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Picasso, a Giant of the Art World

Woman of Algiers

Woman of Algiers

Picasso's Studio

Picasso's Studio

Picasso's Weeping Woman

Picasso's Weeping Woman

Picasso And His Early Life

Born in 1881, Malago, Spain, the firstborn of Jose Ruiz Picasso and Maria Picasso y Lopez. He was baptized Catholic and given the full name of Pablo Diego Jose Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno Maria de Los Remedios Cipriano de la Sartisima Trinidad Ruiz after saints and relatives. Is it any wonder he shortened his name to simply PICASSO! His father taught art and early on recognized the talent of his son. Picasso's first word was PIZ, meaning pencil.

Picasso was a man of many talents during his life. He was a painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramic artist, and writer. At the age of thirteen, his first painting was the First Communion.



Picasso Revolutionizes The Art World

Picasso was his own man, and one of his infamous quotes was:

"I paint objects as I think them, not as I see them." Picasso and fellow artist George Braque began using Cubism, which stresses abstract structure with realistic subjects into geometric shapes. This was only one of the several different periods of his work.

  • Blue Period 1900-1904
  • Rose Period 1905-1907
  • African Influence 1908-1909
  • Cubism 1909-1919
  • Ceramics 1946-1948

Picasso continued to experiment with different avenues of art. He became enamored with ceramics and worked with George Ramie of Atelier Madoura Ceramics. Picasso realized not everyone could afford his paintings but working in ceramics; everyday persons could own ceramics.

Picasso's Ceramics

Picasso's Ceramics

Picasso, a Plate

Picasso, a Plate

Picasso's Personal Life

For most of his life, Picasso lived and worked in Paris in a bohemian lifestyle. Personally, he was a bully, an abuser of the women in his life, and a narcissist. He continually put his wives and mistresses on a pedestal only to knock them off. He was definitely flawed as a man but a genius of art mediums. Picasso had two wives and at least eight mistresses. His first wife was Olga Khoklova, a Russian ballet dancer whom he refused to divorce to avoid sharing his wealth. They remained married until she died in 1955.

In 1927 he met Marie Therese Walter when she was seventeen, and he was forty-six. Together they had a daughter Maya, and they were together until 1936. Next, he was with Francious Gilot, and they had two children, Claude, born in 1947, and Paloma, born in 1949. Then in 1961, Picasso met and married Jacqueline Roque. Picasso was seventy-nine, and Jacqueline was thirty-seven.

Olga, Wife #1

Olga, Wife #1

Jacqueline, Wife #2

Jacqueline, Wife #2

Some of the Famous Works by Picasso

There were hundreds of Picasso paintings, but a few of his most famous were:

La Vie, 1903, Girl Before a Mirror 1932, Three Musicians 1921, The Old Guitarist 1903, and The Weeping Woman 1937. The most expensive painting by Picasso, Woman of Algiers, sold in 2015 for $179,365,000. His art is found in museums worldwide, and some are in the hands of private owners.

Picasso was the most prolific, the most photographed, most reproduced, most widely exhibited, and most faked artist. He was on the cover of Time Magazine in 1938 and again in 1950. Picasso lived as he wished in his own world, doing what he wanted when he wanted and to whom he wanted. Because of his demanding personality, he was a hard man to live with, but what he left behind was his art, and he is judged on that alone and not as a man.

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Picasso's Signature

Picasso's Signature

Death of Picasso

While Picasso and his wife Jacqueline were entertaining dinner guests, he suffered a massive heart attack and died. Unfortunately, Picasso died intestate (without a will), and for the next six years, contentious court hearings and negotiations between legitimate and illegitimate children dragged on. The cost of all the legal battles amounted to thirty million in legal fees alone. In the end, each of the heirs became a millionaire.

The French government also wanted their inheritance tax, and in the end, the government settled for a share of the Picasso estate. They received 3800 works of art which became the core of the art for the Musee Picasso Museum.

Sources Used


fran rooks (author) from Toledo, Ohio on July 12, 2021:

Thanks, Joanne for your visit. It's no wonder he shortened his name.

Joanne Hayle from Wiltshire, U.K. on July 12, 2021:

Thanks for a great piece. Picasso was a complicated man as many geniuses seem to be. I didn't know that his real name was so long! :-)

fran rooks (author) from Toledo, Ohio on July 10, 2021:

Pamela, thanks for visiting. Enjoyed your comment. Your son has good taste!

Pamela Oglesby from Sunny Florida on July 10, 2021:

I really enjoyed reading this article about Picasso, Fran. He sure was awful to live with, but he did create multiple great pieces of art. One of my sons like his work an have some of his work (replicas that is). We sure can't deny Picasso's contribution to art.

Chrish Canosa from Manila Philippines on July 09, 2021:

Sir Ruiz has been one of the main topic in middle school. His anti-war Painting Guernica filled me with astonishment. Thanks for the knowledge you freely shared with us Sir Emge!

A wonderful night to you!!!!!

MG Singh emge from Singapore on July 09, 2021:

Picasso was a giant in the field of art. I have read a lot about him and wrote some articles as well. One of the sources of his inspiration is his association with younger women. In that he followed the tantra concept of Hinduism. I liked reading your article.

fran rooks (author) from Toledo, Ohio on July 09, 2021:

Rosina, thank you for your visit. I always enjoy your comments and appreciate them.

fran rooks (author) from Toledo, Ohio on July 09, 2021:

Peggy, thanks for your visit. Agree with you, it's such a long name!

Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on July 09, 2021:

I doubt that I have ever heard a longer name than that of Picasso's real name. Thanks for filling in some background of this famous artist.

Rosina S Khan on July 09, 2021:

Picasso is well known because of his paintings. Although his personal life was not up to the par, he remains rich through his famous works. I am glad to know more about him through this article. Thanks for the wonderful share, Fran.

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