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Madhubani- the Essence of Bihar

I love to do artwork and explore the story or theme behind the artwork.


Madhubani painting or Mithila painting is one of the traditional Indian painting. It was originated in the Madhubani district and Mithila region of Bihar. That's why it is known as Mithila painting.

It always has a story behind it. So, whenever you see a Madhubani painting, you will notice a depiction of festivals or marriage rituals.

Madhubani art is a way to present a ritual content of occasion and festivals like Holi, Kali puja, Durga puja, etc. without saying a single word about it.


Tools used to make Madhubani artwork

Anciently, Madhubani paintings were done on walls, floors, and roofs by rural women to increase the beauty of their houses. In the Mithila region, women use fingers, sticks, and twigs to outline and filled it with natural bright dyes especially yellow, green, and red.

Different styles of Madhubani painting.

Rural women use different styles to create Madhubani paintings. These styles are Godhana style, Bharni style, Tantric style, and Kayastha style. Now let explore more detail about these styles.

1. Godhana Style

This style is quite similar to tattoo making. In rural areas, women, men, and children get tattoos on their hands or arm by Godhana.

In Godhana, all the replicated images or objects are arranged in parallel lines that create different patterns such as circles, squares, triangles, etc. The image outlines are in black.

2. Bharni Style

The word "Bharni" means "to fill". In this style object or shape outlines are drawn in bold black color and then images are filled with solid bright colors like red, blue, green, and yellow.

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3. Tantric Style

This style is based on tantra. It is done by outlining an image and filled it with colors and tantric texts.


4. Kayastha Style

Kayastha is also known as line art. In this style, objects or images are filled with parallel lines, curved lines, and dots, Generally, this Madhubani style can be done by using solo color or using black and red colors.


Recent Developments in Madhubani Art

The upcoming artist is coming with lots of ideas that help to create Madhubani painting with a modern fusion. Their ideas are helpful because they create different tools, themes, patterns, colors, and materials for Madhubani painting.

1. Development in Themes

Earlier Madhubani or Mithila arts are made in basic themes such as marriage processions, rituals, and festivals.

Presently, it is used to describe the scenes from religious textbooks such as Ramayan, Mahabharat, and Puranas. Sometimes it is also used to describe the daily or regular activities of a person and social activities.

2. Development in Symbols and Objects

Anciently, only God figures, peacock, and tigers were drawn in Madhubani. But nowadays, the artist uses human figures, flora, fauna, birds, animals, etc. to create beautiful Madhubani artworks.

3. Development in Materials and Color Shades

There is a change in material and color shades. The raw material used is fabric, glass, ceramics, canvas, and paper.

Earlier only blue, black, red, and yellow colors were used to create but today artist uses various bright shades such as pink, green, khaki, cream, neon green, neon pink, purple, etc.

The demand of Madhubani Theme in Various Industries

Presently, everybody loves traditional artworks and the demand is too high. To fulfill the demand of people Madhubani theme is used by various industries such as the garment industry, crockery industry, jewelry industry, and many more.

In the garment industry, Madhubani art is used in sarees, Curtis, jackets, and shawls.

In the crockery industry, the theme of Madhubani art is used to manufacture plates, cups, glass, etc.

In the jewelry industry, shapes and symbols are used to make pendants, necklaces, rings, etc.

For home decor, various types of Madhubani paintings, wall hangings, clocks, wallpaper, and so on are available in the market


© 2021 Arpit Gupta


Kalpna kaushal on January 28, 2021:

It is very fantastic...beautiful paintings

TUSHAAR TANAY from INDIA on January 28, 2021:

All elements of the madhubani art form is covered in simplest and understandable language.


Arpit Gupta (author) from Allahabad on January 28, 2021:

It is all about traditional painting

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