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What Do Filmmakers Do During Post-Production?

Author:

Student in Mass Communication with a keen interest in Production process.

Introduction

Previously, the production process is basically the part where footage is shot, now we enter the post-production part of the overall process and it is the final part before a video/film goes out to the outside world.

In this part, we will look mostly at editing the footage, adding effects to the parts (based on the storyboard), subtitles at all spoken areas and texts at certain areas, soundtrack composed by the composer and lastly, the final cut.

Post-production is essentially the compiling of all the materials collected from production and doing it based on pre-production plans.

The Editing

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This is where the footage is received during production are put through the editing application. One of the most common applications used by most editors is Adobe Premiere pro, however, there are other video editing apps which are cheaper or free.

The editing process includes adding the effects to enhance the movie, for instance, in horror movies, filters are added to make the movie environment look darker.

Also, subtitles are an essential element to a movie as sometimes, the audience can’t catch up with what the actor is saying, this is when subtitles come in, to help the audience keep up.

As mentioned in the previous articles, sounds add a great impact to the movie, this is when the background sound people, composers and others send in their sounds for the editor to compile the sounds based on the storyboard’s instruction.

And lastly, like every product, there will need to be test runs before going out to the public, final cut is where everyone gets together to see what needs to be cut from the movie. In case you’re wondering, most deleted scenes of movies are cut at this point, so if you’re lucky, you may find the deleted scene lying around.

In case you missed the previous article, the production process, check it out here!

What are they keys in Adobe Premiere Pro?

Note: Each description goes clockwise from the arrow to the magnifying glass

Note: Each description goes clockwise from the arrow to the magnifying glass

This is how you can use some of the icons above using shortcut keys

Selection tool/The arrow (v) = To select stuffs

Razor tool/The razor (c) = To cut stuffs

Track select forward tool (a) = To select stuffs behind

Track select backward tool (Shift+A) = To select stuffs in front

Slip Tool = To push forward or bring backward a timeline without having to cut them.

Slide Tool = To slide a timeline, similar to selection tool.

Pen Tool = To add dots on the audio timeline, so you can adjust the audio

Rolling Edit tool = Use when editing two timelines together.

You can roll forward or backward between two timelines.

Ripple Edit Tool = To edit with Ripple cut effects. It will cut off spaces in between.

Hand Tool = To move things around.

Rate Stretch tool = To stretch a timeline while shortening/prolonging its speed.

Zoom Tool = To zoom

How do you create effects during editing?

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Okay, first things first, you can find many pre-made effects around the internet and most of them do not require copyright, however, if you’re planning to make a very good effect, you may need an animator’s help and a few scenes that was done using “green screen”.

So how do you use a green screen?

Step 1: Create a color correcting, make the video black and white.

Step 2: Get ready the animation you want and insert it above the original video section.

Step 3: From there, use the ultra key in the green screen section and voila!

Here's a quick video by Lexziar on how to use a green screen on Adobe Premiere Pro

Audio Transitions

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When you’re editing with Adobe Premiere Pro, you can decide how much audio do you want on your video, if you’re adding background music to a video where there is talking involved, I would suggest to lower the background music to a minimal setting (not more than 20 depending on your device), get a few friends to help you on this to get a better feedback on audio.

Transitions are important in both audio and visual, the better your transitions are, the higher likeliness your audience will stay involved.

Tip: Be careful with the timings of each transition, you don’t want it too long and you don’t want it too short.

Songs you can use

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Alright, when you’re adding songs into a major film, or any film that you plan to make money with, always be extra careful about song copyrights (refer to your country’s laws). Its best that during the pre-production process, if you have the plan and budget to get a highly rated song, do the process at the start as it may take some time to get the legal work done.

Okay, its okay to use free/copyright free/royalty free music in your videos, this music are commonly used as background music as most of the music isn’t a famous track. But if you find a good track to go with your scene, do go ahead with it, if you’re 100% sure you can use it without paying a substantial fee. But with all honesty, if you’re doing videos to make money, at least pay the royalty fee (if any).

Subtitles

life-in-production-post-production-in-digital-storytelling

Subtitles are key to a production not because its better for the disabled to see, it’s for our visual minds to understand what is going on while the audio comes in. A good subtitle commonly contains two lines and if possible, do highlight the subtitles with a box. These texts are used to slide in information, copyright disclaimers and source of videos.

However, be sure not to let these texts take over the whole video, do not fill up the whole screen with text.

Conclusion

If you plan to do editing for a video, it is fun to do especially when you can find new things and polish your editing skills during the post-production stages. Plus, the opportunity to use editing apps to compile your imagination.

This is the end of the production process in Digital Storytelling, after this part of the process is when the movie gets released to the world, however, movies release about a month (or more) after the final edit due to marketing and promoting. This is the end, hope you have a good read and hope you give it a shot in producing videos.

© 2020 Nigel Koay