Knitting a scarf is the first thing that most beginners attempt when they plan to learn how to knit. It provides the necessary practice to get a hang of handling the knitting needles and learning the basic stitches called 'knit' and 'purl'. However, there are many types of scarves which can be made by both beginners and advanced knitters. It is all in the combination of the two basic stitches. In this article we will see how a scarf can be knitted using knit and purl in two ways:
- Garter Stitch pattern
- Basket Weave Stitch pattern
It is simple to make long and warm scarves just using these two patterns. Before we go into the technique it is important to know a few things to knit a scarf.
Knitting Instructions for Beginners
For knitting a basic scarf a beginner who is planning to learn how to knit should know the following things:
- Materials needed
- How to Cast On Stitches on the needle
- How to Knit (English method or Continental method)
- How to Purl
- How to Bind Off
- How to Read a Knitting Pattern
Materials Needed for a Basic Scarf
It is a good idea to buy a medium thickness wool to begin with and medium size knitting needles such as:
- yarn weight - DK10ply or 12 ply
- Needle size - 5mm (UK) or 8 (USA – contemporary)
- Buy sufficient length of yarn to make a scarf, around 5-6 balls of wool yarn.
Check out Knitting Needle Sizes for more details on different sizes according to region. With just these simple materials you can create a warm, fluffy scarf.
How to Cast On
There are few methods of casting on and I have found the casting on with a tail the most efficient. See How to Cast On Stitches for all the different methods available and helpful videos.
How to Knit a Garter Stitch Scarf
Basic Scarf - Garter Stitch Pattern
The garter stitch uses the knit stitch on both sides. That means you continue to knit until the desired length of scarf has been made. The pattern would read:
Wool - 2 Balls/DK 8ply (child) 4-6 Balls (adult)
Needle size – 5.0mm
Cast On 23 stitches (child) or 33 stitches (adult)
Row 1: Knit till end of row
Row 2: Knit till end of row
Bind off once desired length is reached
This garter stitch scarf will not have a right side or wrong side because both sides look similar. It also does not require blocking after the scarf has been completed since it will not curl up.
Blue Basket Weave Scarf
How to Knit the Basketweave Stitch (English Style)
Basic Scarf - Basket Weave Pattern
This scarf is ideal for someone who has already made the garter stitch scarf because this requires knowing how to purl as well.
This basket weave pattern scarf is a good man scarf. It is usually harder to find patterns for men that look trendy as well as keep them warm!
The pattern is available on the Ravelry.com as a free download. It is called a Scarf for Mark by Maya Martin. Ravelry.com is a social network with amazing resources for beginners and advanced for knitters and crochetters.
There are many types of yarns and yarn weights. Each of them have a different effect and feel to the scarf that is made. See the article: Types of Yarns Fibers for Dummies
About the Author
Sushma Webber writes content for both web and print media. She is interested in creating a balance in life between the physical, emotional, mental and spiritual aspects. She is interested in mindful awareness practices, Zen practices and translating these in daily life at work in front of the computer and during various activities of her life.
Resources for Easy Projects
- How to Knit a Comfort Doll or Duduza Doll
Duduza (Comfort) Doll is an easy charity knitting project to bring comfort and solace to children in need, especially in Africa. Learn to make one yourself with the free pattern, videos and links.
- Easy Knitting Projects for Charity
A guide simple and easy projects for beginners to knit for charities and get all the practice necessary to become a pro. Check out the various charities that are helping adults, homeless, AIDS orphans, little babies and animals keep warm every winter
- TLC Knitting Instructions by Terry Kimbrough
Our knitting instructions will walk you through such techniques as making increases, fixing mistakes, and more. Find knitting tips at HowStuffWorks.
Sushma Webber (author) from New Zealand on August 30, 2014:
Hi Gods Provision, I know how you feel. It took me years to get round to it. It's a matter of setting your mind to it.
Jeremy n Michelle from Texas on August 23, 2014:
I don't know why, but I just can't seem to get knitting. My 12 year old knits a pretty scarf, but mom can't Maybe I can try it using your tips. :-)
Kimberly Schimmel from North Carolina, USA on December 27, 2013:
Nice, clear instructions and illustrations.
Sushma Webber (author) from New Zealand on June 03, 2013:
Thanks BlossomSB for your feedback. I found all these resources and instructions helpful when I started to learn knitting.
Bronwen Scott-Branagan from Victoria, Australia on May 30, 2013:
I like this because it actually gives the instructions instead of simply referring the reader to another site. It's well-written and clear, and should be useful for beginner knitters.