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Indian Embroidery: Sindh, Kutch, Kathiawar:


India is a land of diverse cultures and her uniqueness lies in her unity in diversity. The sheer variety of the costumes, the traditions, festivals in enough to keep one fascinated. The same can be said about embroidery. Embroidery in India is different in different parts and states of India. One can identify the origins of an embroidered piece of fabric simply by the style, colors, fabric and stitched used. Among the many different types of embroidery one can see in India, the embroideries of Sindh, Kutch and Kathiawar are very popular.

interlacing stitch in pink- and mirrorwork in yellow

interlacing stitch in pink- and mirrorwork in yellow

a typical choli

a typical choli

wall hanging

wall hanging

motifs used

motifs used

working the embroidery

working the embroidery


The Origin of this embroidery:  

Kutch embroidery was practised from the sixteenth and seventeenth century in Patan,a little town in the state of Gujarat. (Gujarat lies on the west coast of India)  It is believed that this art was taught to the Mochi’s by a muslim who came from Sindh. The embroideries of Sindh, Kutch and Kathiawar are very similar and almost identical. The embroidery is very pictiral and original, the mirrorwork and ingterlacing stitch set it apart from any other kind of embroidery.


The stitches used in the embroidery of Sindh, Kutch and Kathiawar are chain stitch, herringbone, interlacing stitch, darning stitch and buttonhole stitch.

Colors used:

Chain stitch is usually done in white or any other color, interlacing stitch is done with indigo, blue, crimson, red, green, yellow. Mirror work is done with red, green, bue yellow predominantly, but other colors could also be used. Herringbone is typically done in indigo, blue, crimson, yellow, but not limited to those, other colors could also be used.

Motifs used in this type of embroidery are many- floral, peacocks, animals, birds, trees etc. Persian influence can be seen in the motifs.

These days shiny plastic pieces eg sequins are used in place of mirrors as mirrors are likely to break during laundering.

The embroidery is used to embellsih ‘ghagras’ – these are long colorful skirts, cholis or blouses, torans or wall and door hangings, floor mats, cushion covers, bolster covers, footwear called mojadis  etc.

The fabric used is also very brightly colored. All said and done, India is a very colorful place to be in.


shwetha on September 07, 2013:

give me full histroty for kutch work !!!

Laura Schneider from Minnesota, USA on March 21, 2012:

No way! Totally cool! Now I just have to wait until the weekend so I can try this, and maybe find some new bright thread to use to really make it fancy. Thanks so much, Vibhavari! You are a gem!

Thanks again for sharing your beautiful artwork! --Laura

Vibhavari (author) from India on March 21, 2012:

Hi Laura,

Thank you for your feedback, Published a hub on how to attach mirrors.


Laura Schneider from Minnesota, USA on March 13, 2012:

Such beautiful work! Thanks for sharing with us. I look forward to reading more of your hubs--would you write a "how-to" article to teach us how to do one or more of the stitches that are completely foreign to Americans? I'm particularly enthralled by the stitch that holds the mirrors in place while leaving the middle open.

Thanks for sharing and for the beautiful pictures! (voted up and Awesome.)

Vibhavari (author) from India on February 28, 2012:

Hi Kousar Jokhio,

Thank you so much for your feedback! Have a lovely day.

Kousar Jokhio on February 28, 2012:


It is really great job your doing by promoting / introducing to new genration.

I have seen a picture of choli on this page ( It is same like our GAJJ, differnce is here in my village or other villages in Sindh is more embroidery work on it and it is little heavy than CHOLI that's why it is called GAJJ ). Has to you !

Vibhavari (author) from India on February 03, 2012:

Hi Jia,

No, I do not know anyone who teaches parsi ghara embroidery in mumbai or for that matter even in Pune...sorry.

Jia on February 03, 2012:

Do u know someone who teaches parsi ghara embroidery in mumbai ?

Vibhavari (author) from India on January 22, 2012:

Hi somebody :-)

I'm glad my article was of some help to you. The fabrics used are usually cotton- such as poplin but silks, silk and cotton blends or cotton blends with some synthetic fibers are also used these days.

somebody :-) on January 22, 2012:

got just wat i wanted

wanted to noe wat fabrics were used

just if u could add it woud b great

Vibhavari (author) from India on March 05, 2011:

Hi Nita kamte

Thanks for your feedback.

nita kamate on March 05, 2011:

i want to embroidery new stiches learn your work is very beautiful looking

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