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Hand-knit Wool Diaper Cover Pattern

Are you searching for a soaker pattern that will keep your baby covered without overwhelming him? Something that is full and flexible, that will move with his every movement? A cover pattern, designed for use with 100% wool?

Then I would like to share my pull-on wool diaper cover pattern with you!

  • Tight knit and made with 100% wool for maximum absorption.
  • Full and flexible, so that it moves with baby and his diapers.
  • 1 x 1 ribbing in the crotch, to fit day-time or night-time diapers.
  • Cut high in back and low in front to keep the diaper fully covered, without overwhelming baby.
  • With leg openings are designed to be close fitting, but not too tight.
  • Cute enough to wear on it's own!

Pictures may be viewed full size by double clicking on them.

Notes about Pattern

In this pattern, the crotch is knit first, then the original stitches are picked up and it is knit in the round to the waist.

The legs are made stretchy with a ribbed edge.

The cover is knit with some negative ease, because wool has a tendency to stretch.

To reap the benefits of wool, the yarn must be at least 75% wool.

There are six sizes available, but you probably will not need all of them. The size(s) you need will depend on the size of your baby and the type of diaper you are using. My last two boys weighed about 9 lbs. at birth, and I couldn't have used the first two sizes. For me, a handful of Mediums and Toddlers have worked well.

Basic Information

Size.......... Hips, over Diaper........ Leg Opening...... Rise, Excluding Ribbing


Newborn...............14"..............................10"..................................15 1/2"

Small....................16"............................10 1/2"...............................16 1/2"


Large...................20".............................11"...................................17 1/2"

Toddler................22"..........................11 1/2"................................18 1/2"


4 oz. / 100g of worsted weight wool.

Round (16", or use magic loop method) or Double Pointed Needles, size 3 -- or size you require to obtain gage.

Scroll to Continue

2 stitch markers.


5 stitches = 1 inch. 7 rows/rounds = 1 inch.

Instructions are given for Preemie [Newborn, Small, Medium, Large, Toddler]

Knitting Abbreviations:

k -- Knit

p -- Purl

(RS) -- Right side

(WS) -- Wrong side

k2tog -- knit 2 together

p2tog -- purl 2 together

yo -- yarn over

st(s) -- stitch(es)

Provisional Cast-ons

Completed Crotch

This is what the completed crotch section looks like.

This is what the completed crotch section looks like.

Italian Cast-off

This method takes a bit of time, but leaves a stretchy, beautifully rounded, professional edge.

This method takes a bit of time, but leaves a stretchy, beautifully rounded, professional edge.


Beginning at rear crotch:

Using a provisional cast, Cast-on 43 [57, 63, 69, 73, 79] stitches.

  • Ribbing around leg opening is created by knitting the first and last 3 stitches of each row (garter stitch). Otherwise, the cover is worked in stockinette stitch (knit on right side, purl on wrong side, to create a smooth cloth).

Row 1: K across.

Row 2: K3, p 37 [51, 57, 63, 67, 73] (all but the last 3 sts), k3.

Repeat rows 1 & 2 for a total of 12 rows.

Note: If your baby has really chubby legs, work more rows here.

Place markers for decrease and begin ribbing:

Row 13: (RS) K 18 [24, 26, 28, 28, 30], pm, *k1, p1* for 6 [8, 10, 12, 16, 18] st (to form 1x1 ribbing), k1, pm, k to end, turn.

Row 14: (WS) K3. p to marker, *p1, k1* (for ribbing) until second marker ( 7 [9, 11, 13, 17, 19] sts between markers). P to last three stitches, k2, turn.


  • To decrease, k2tog or p2tog right before the marker.
  • You will decrease 1 st on each row until 13 [15, 17, 19, 23, 25] st remain on needle. These st will be the garter st for leg opening and the ribbing st, between markers.

Row 15: (RS) K 16 [22, 24, 26, 26, 28], k2tog, work 1x1 ribbing between markers, k across.

Row 16: (WS) K3, p 13 [19, 21, 23, 23, 25]. p2tog, work 1x1 ribbing between markers, p 14 [20, 22, 24, 24, 26], k3.

Finish Crotch:

  • Work 7 rows the same as rows 1 & 2. End with a knit row.
  • At end of row, pm, to mark the beginning of rounds.

Begin Knitting in the Round:

  • Remove waste yarn and pick up cast on stitches.
  • Adjust to proper needle as necessary. (I have used a second, smaller round needle to pick up cast on stitches with, as this simplifies the process.)
  • Join front to back by Knitting in a round. (Be sure the crotch is not twisted!)
  • Continue knitting for 18 [20, 21, 22, 23, 25] rows.

Waist Band:

  • Work 2x2 ribbing (k2, p2) for 4 [ 5, 5, 6, 6, 6] rounds.
  • Eyelet Round: *K2, yo, p2tog* repeat around.
  • Work 4 more rows of 2x2 ribbing.
  • Cast-off, using your favorite method.

Finishing Touches:

  • Knit an I-cord or crochet a tie to thread through the eyelets -- about 40 inches long.
  • Embroider, add lace, or anything else you desire. (Or leave plain.)



This pattern is intended for your use. Feel free to link to this pattern, but do not copy it. Copyright(c)Christa Dovel 2009.

Where To Get 100% Wool:

I have bought my wool from

"Much of our wool comes from individual sheep growers who deliver their fleece to us each springtime in trade for knitting yarns. We spin our yarn on a spinning mule, a marvelous machine that is one of the last of its kind still operating in the country. Mule-spun yarn retains the softness of the natural wool fibers, and has a homespun appearance and durability that is highly valued by knitters." --

Other Sources:

* I am not affiliated with


Using sport/lace weight wool yarn and a size 1 crochet hook, make three lengths of lace.

Chain 57 [69, 69, 81, 81, 93]. Turn.

Row 1: In fourth ch from hook *dc 1, ch 2, dc1 in same chain, skip 2 ch*, in third ch repeat from * to * across. End with 1 dc in last ch. Ch 1, turn.

Row 2: In first *2 ch sp, sc 3. In next 2 ch sp, sc 1, ch 3, sc1, ch5, sc 1, ch3, sc 1.* Repeat across, ending with sc 3. Fasten off.

Crocheting Abbreviations:

ch -- chain

dc -- double crochet

sp -- space

Caring for Wool Covers

Hang or lay covers in a warm place to air and dry, after each diaper change.

The cover may smell like urine to begin with, but this will dissipate quickly, unless the cover needs washed and relanalinized.

If there is poo on the cover, rinse it off in tepid water, scrubbing gently. Squeeze (don't wring) out extra moister by rolling in a dry bath towel, and hang to dry.

When the cover begins to smell of urine even when dry, wash it gently by hand in lukewarm water with 1/4 of a cup of lanolin soap. Squeeze gently to fully saturate, and let it soak for 15 minutes. Rinse in lukewarm water. Squeeze it out, then roll it up in a towel and press the excess water out. Give the diaper cover a quick, brisk shake, block to size, and allow it to dry, preferably over a mild heat source. If a heat source is not available, then lay it on a cotton towel in the sunshine to air dry.

Knitting Supplies

More Information Concerning Wool Diaper Covers

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  • Wool Diaper Covers: Eco-Friendly Baby
    The first time I read about someone using a wool diaper cover rather than plastic pants for their baby I was skeptical. I could not see how, if plastic pants were not keeping my baby's clothes dry, a wool...


Jennifer on March 11, 2018:

When you start the 2x2 ribbing is it for 5 stitches or 5 rows?

Christa Dovel (author) from The Rocky Mountains, North America on September 23, 2012:

Congratulations, and thank you for letting me know. =D

Adrienne on August 11, 2012:

I just finished knitting my first project and this cover was was I made! I made the large size, and it fits my 14 month old perfect except I'm thinking it could've used an extra half inch around her thighs cause she's so chunky! :P but as a first time knitter the instructions were super clear and I had no trouble with the whole thing! Thanks for a great tutorial! Oh and btw I LOVE how trim the cover is!

Christa Dovel (author) from The Rocky Mountains, North America on January 08, 2012:

Hello Cathy,

I used wool both summer and winter with my children and it seemed to work very well. They had less heat rash with the wool covers than with disposable diapers or any of the other forms of covers I tried. The wonderful thing about wool is that it is breathable.

cathy on December 24, 2011:

I am expecting for late July/early August. Do these work well in hot weather? I always thought of wool as being hot.

earthybirthymama from Ontario, Canada on October 29, 2011:

Great Hub! I love my wool covers.

Christa Dovel (author) from The Rocky Mountains, North America on August 04, 2011:

There are many different things on the market, but I don't like to use synthetics. If I can avoid them, I will, and wool is the only natural material I know if that will effectively work as a cover.

Kimberly Schimmel from North Carolina, USA on July 24, 2011:

A lady with a cloth diaper business spoke to our MOPS group last year and the young moms really liked her cute cloth covers. Maybe they'd like multi-striped wool covers just as well.

Christa Dovel (author) from The Rocky Mountains, North America on July 24, 2011:

Once I tried wool covers there was no way I'd ever go back to any of the other types I had tried. I am sure the young mothers would apriciate them greatly.

Kimberly Schimmel from North Carolina, USA on July 23, 2011:

These are so cute and practical! Many of the young mothers at my church are using cloth diapers now. Perhaps I should make some of these for baby shower gifts.

Christa Dovel (author) from The Rocky Mountains, North America on February 13, 2010:

Thank you Kristen. on February 13, 2010:

I LOVE this diaper cover. Most of the knitted diaper covers look terrible and this one is really cute!!

Christa Dovel (author) from The Rocky Mountains, North America on October 28, 2009:

Thank you Erika.

Pia Scriptor: I love the way the Italian cast off looks. It is a bit more time consuming, but so much more elegant.

Pia Scriptor on October 28, 2009:

Thanks for the link to instructions for Italian cast off. Never seen this before.

E L Danvers from Ventura, CA on October 27, 2009:

Great soaker pattern, thank you!

prasetio30 from malang-indonesia on June 23, 2009:

Thanks for information. great hub.

Christa Dovel (author) from The Rocky Mountains, North America on April 29, 2009:

Nah, you wouldn't go insane! It's loads of fun with little ones.

Joilene Rasmussen from United States on April 26, 2009:

Good point! But I'm not hoping for a surprise. You and your five children amaze me. I think I'd go insane trying to keep track of that many.

Christa Dovel (author) from The Rocky Mountains, North America on April 26, 2009:

Thanks Joy! However, I would recommend having a "surprise," not an "accident," as accidents involve grain bins, while surprises have a way of leading to birthday parties. :D

Joilene Rasmussen from United States on April 25, 2009:

Cool! I don't have any children in diapers now, but if there's ever an "accident," I'll keep this hub in mind.

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