Skip to main content

Capture Memories That Will Last A Lifetime

Wouldn't You Like To Save Your Memories Forever?


Photophotophy has a lot of technical terms. These are often specific to a particular kind or style of photography. But no matter what type you practice, it’s important that you have a working knowledge of the vocabulary so that you can .understand other photographers and be understood yourself.

Photographers use a lot of jargon, but once you get used to it, it’s not too hard to understand. We will discuss the following 6 terms below:


“Photographs open doors into the past, but they also allow a look into the future.”

— Sally Mann

1. Aperture

Aperture is one of the most basic concepts in photophotography. It refers to the size of the opening in the lens through which light travels. The aperture can be adjusted by moving the blades of your camera’s lens.

The aperture has two functions: controlling brightness and focusing. It controls brightness by letting in more or less light. It focuses by controlling the depth of field. Aperture is measured in f-stops. F-stops are used to indicate the relative size of the aperture. The lower the f-stop number, the larger the aperture and vice versa.



2. Shutter speed

Shutter speed refers to the length of time that the shutter remains open. Shutter speed is measured in seconds or fractions of a second. It controls the brightness of the image by controlling how long the sensor is exposed to light. Shutter speed is important for controlling motion in an image.

For example, if you’re taking a photo of a moving car, you’ll need a fast shutter speed to freeze the motion. If you’re taking a photo of a landscape at night, you’ll need a longer shutter speed to let the sensor soak up as much light as possible. Shutter speed is one of the three factors that determine the brightness of a photo. The other two are aperture and ISO.

3. ISO

ISO is the third factor that determines the brightness of a photo. It is the sensor’s sensitivity to light. It controls how much light the sensor collects and is set manually.

You set the ISO manually when you want to control the brightness of the image yourself, without changing the aperture or shutter speed. You can also decrease the ISO manually when you want to decrease the brightness of the image without changing the aperture or shutter speed.

ISO is measured in numbers from 100 to 6400. The higher the number, the more sensitive the sensor is to light. The lower the number, the less sensitive it is.

4. Exposure value (EV)

EV is a combination of shutter speed, aperture, and ISO that determines the brightness of an image. It is measured in f-stops. EV is calculated by adding up the f-stops for shutter speed, aperture, and ISO. For example, an EV of f2.8 + f16 + 100 will give you f28.

Photography Studio Set-up



DSLR stands for digital single-lens reflex. It is a type of camera that uses an optical path to display the image in real time on an electronic sensor. This is unlike the older cameras with film that use a mirror system to project the image onto film.

DSLRs are the most common type of camera used among professional photographers. They are also the most versatile. They are very popular among photophotographers because of their accuracy, detail, and control. DSLRs come in different sizes: full-frame, APS-C, micro-four-thirds, and others.

They also come in different sensor technologies: CCD, CMOS, and others.

Lens Types


6. Telephoto Lens

A telephoto lens is a long-focus lens used to magnify the subject while keeping the photographer at a distance. It is the most common type of lens among photophotographers. It is used to photograph subjects that are far away such as landscapes or wildlife.

When focusing on a subject, light travels through the lens in a straight line. The path of light is shorter when the subject is very close and longer when the subject is far away. This is why a telephoto lens is useful when focusing on a subject that’s far away.


7. Wide-angle Lens

A wide-angle lens is a short-focus lens used for close-up photography. It is the most common type of lens among photophotographers. It is used to photograph subjects that are close by such as portraits or indoor scenes. When focusing on a subject, light travels through the lens in a curved path.

The path of light is shorter when the subject is far away and longer when the subject is close by. This is why a wide-angle lens is useful when focusing on a subject that’s close.


The terms and definitions above are just some of the most common terms used in photophotography. Photophotography is an ever-evolving art form with new techniques and styles constantly emerging.

As a photographer, it is your duty to keep up with new developments so that you can keep playing your part in advancing the craft.


“I don’t trust words. I trust pictures.”

— Gilles Peress

Digital Early Days Could Not Compete

The cameras available in the early days of digital photography did not have the resolution (usually expressed as MP for megapixel) to compete against film, and they were a bit clunky.

The first truly digitally recording camera available to the public came out in 1990.

Scroll to Continue

In 1992 Kodak came out with the DCS 200 which had a built-in hard drive which made

the unit considerably bigger than a standard film camera of the time. It had a resolution of 1.2 megapixels and likely not priced well against standard film cameras of the day.

By then film had more than a hundred-year advantage in development and cameras using film were very sophisticated.

Digital Got Better

It wasn’t until the last quarter of 2006 that the sales of digital cameras exceeded those of film. With the advent of cameras that can use small memory cards with enough memory to record video of considerable length along with hundreds to thousands of pictures, the final death knell of film has been rung.

When it comes to today's resolution of digital cameras, digital today actually has an advantage over even slow ISO 50 film, which has an equivalent resolution of around 16 MP. Digital cameras are commonly being sold with 24 MP resolution.

Large Format Film Still Better with Resolution

The professional photographers that still opt to use film use large formats to gain the advantage. They can potentially create photos achieving resolutions of around 400 MP.

Manuals for any particular model can be found by searching on the manufacturers' websites and are often easier to read on larger computer screens.

Digital or film - the pros and cons

When it comes to the digital camera versus the film camera war in photography, digital

is winning. It has gained wide acceptance and is the major seller for cameras today.

Did you know the camera on your smartphone is probably better than the cameras that used

to be used professionally? The technology has come a long way.

But that is still using a large format film. The 35mm film you would typically pick up at the department store will not be able to compete with a decent digital camera.

Digital Photography Complete Course

You Get Instant Gratification with Digital

Another advantage with digital is the instant verification of the shot. You know if the picture was exposed correctly, the subject was in full frame, etc. Also, you have way more shots available to take than the longest available film rolls.

Cost is also a big advantage for digital. You can shoot as many images as you want to with digital with no penalty. As for film, costs are calculated per picture to develop. Because of their advantage in cost and convenience, digital is the popular choice today.

More than likely you're going to be more successful using digital images for your travel photography business. If you like using a film camera, still save that for your hobbies. Take it with you and go ahead and get some images using it, but don’t rely on it for your business because the cost of film is really high. we'll give some useful tips to help you get the most out of your camera and other equipment.


Taking pictures is like tiptoeing into the kitchen late at night and stealing Oreo cookies.”

— Diane Arbus


This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2022 Elizabeth J Neal

Related Articles