Denise has been studying and teaching art and painting for 40+ years. She has won numerous prestigious awards for her art and design.
Mary Delany, Decoupage Artist
Artists are memory makers… or rather, memory keepers. What we do is immortalize a time, an era, a community, a person in a portrait. It is why we are still fascinated with a little known lady captured in the Mona Lisa. It is why an era that lasted a little more than 11 years and dancers who only danced 2 years at best, are immortalized forever in the posters of the Moulin Rouge by the artist Toulouse-Lautrec. It is why the era of this artist will be forever remembered. This is a story of an artist who didn’t begin her art till after her husband passed and she had free time on her hands. She was 71 but didn’t let the years go idly by.
The sad fact is that artists feel deeply, all the highs and all the lows of life. Sometimes I envy people like my mother, who have a very “even keel.” People like that seldom get mad or upset (although when they do, look out). However they also don’t get overly jovial or jocular. Every day is a straight line from sunrise to sunset.
Gratefully, I don’t live like that. I am one of the artists. When I am happy, I am a very ecstatic, giggling fool. And when I’m sad, I am in the dismal dumps. No halfway for me. I feel it all and it often shows up in my work as it shows up in this artist’s work. This is the story of Mary Delany, decoupage artist.
Mary Delany (1700-1788)
Mary Delany, a member of the English Bluestocking group, was also a famous decoupage artist who began her career at the age of 71. She had long been an avid artist, however, it wasn’t until after her husband passed away that she began creating her detailed depictions of plants using tissue paper and hand coloration, creating over 1,000 paper flowers in the last years of her life.
Life for Women in the 18th Century
Mary Delany was born at Coulston, Wiltshire to a noble family. She had one older brother and one younger brother and a sister. When she was still young her parents moved to London where she came into close contact with the Court, where she even came into contact with Handel and became a close personal friend and loyal supporter of the composer.
She was taught languages, history, music, and needlework, but she pursued the art of paper cutting from an early age. At the age of 17, she was unhappily married to a 60-year-old member of parliament due to her parents’ financial dependence. Before they were married 2 years, Mary was required to nurse her husband’s chronic gout until he finally died and left her a young widow. This turned out to be a blessing for her. Widows were allowed to move freely in a society where young unmarried women were not. She was also free to pursue her own interests without the oversight of any man. This is a sad reality in the 18th century that women mostly were not their own person unless widowed.
Marriage to Dr Delany
Mary was quite articulate and a witty letter writer, many of which have been preserved for posterity. Because she had no home of her own, after her first husband died, she spent time living with a variety of relatives and friends. While with friends in Ireland, she made the acquaintance of Dr. Patrick Delany, an Irish clergyman. She later married him and moved with him to Dublin. They both had an interest in botany and gardening. It was during her marriage to Dr. Delany that Mary was allowed time to hone her skills as an artist and even encouraged to do so. She was good at drawing, painting and cutting paper, but best known for paper-cutting.
From 71 to 88 Years Old, Time for Art
Mary and the Dr. were married 25 years when Dr. Delany died at the age of 84, and Mary found herself once again, a widow. She was 68 at the time. She spent more and more time creating cut out paper artworks as a way of dealing with her grief. She used tissue paper and hand colored papers to produce her pieces. Decoupage was the fashion for ladies of the court at that time. Mary called her work Paper Mosaiks, and from the age of 71 to 88, when her eyesight failed her, she created 1,700 depictions of plants and flowers.
Why must women be driven to the necessity of marrying? A state that should always be a matter of choice! And if a young woman has not fortune sufficient to maintain her in the situation she has been bred to, what can she do, but marry?
— Mary Delany
Supported by the King and Queen
She used her papers to build up layers and sometimes had hundreds of pieces in a finished creation. To keep it accurate, she would have the specimen in front of her and would actually dissect it so that she could more accurately examine it and carefully portray each. It was her love of botany and her desire to be accurate that causes her work to be so amazing. Each piece looks more like a real flower or plant than a cut paper collage glued to a black card. Her work was so well loved and sought after by the royals that when her patroness, the Dowager Duchess died, King George III and Queen Charlotte gave her a small house and a pension of 300 pounds a year to live on. They even had any curious or beautiful plants taken to her when they were in bloom.
Mrs Delany and Her Flower Collages
In 1980, a descendant of Mary Delany’s sister Anne published a book on her work: Mrs. Delany and Her Flower Collages. Her work has outlived her and her independent style and writings have also. I love how beautiful and realistic her work looks and I’m amazed at the detail.
I am an artist and in particular a collage artist. I appreciate the stories and struggles that other artists have had to endure to make the mark in history that some of them have made. Many times it is just a matter of being in the right place at the right time. Other times it is a matter of patience for when the public is ready for your style. I know that it seems like artists who are not very talented or who show no more talent than some others, achieve fame, however, it is a lot of chance, happenstance and who you know more than talent most of the time. In the case of Mary Delany, I think the recognition she received from the Crown was well deserved and allowed her to continue creating even without a husband for income. It’s a shame there is no record of her ever selling her work but she enriched future generations just the same. Remarkable work.
Vanity stands at my elbow in this while, and animates me by a thousand agreeable promises.
— Mary Delany
Denise McGill (author) from Fresno CA on March 28, 2020:
I'm happy you liked it. She was certainly remarkable. I can't help but admire women artists. It seems we have more to overcome than men. Just my opinion. Thanks for commenting.
Edward Lane from Wichita Falls, Texas on March 28, 2020:
Great article! Thanks for sharing. I didn’t know her story.
Denise McGill (author) from Fresno CA on October 08, 2019:
Isn't she inspiring? I think so too. Thanks for commenting.
Mary Norton from Ontario, Canada on October 08, 2019:
Denise, thank you for writing about the life of Mary Delaney. I can relate fully to her story and she inspires me to keep doing art.
Denise McGill (author) from Fresno CA on November 29, 2016:
I'm so glad you enjoyed this story of life. I love reading about artists. I appreciate your comment.
karMALZEKE on November 29, 2016:
I was not familiar with this artist. Thank you for sharing this. Mary's work and life is a true inspiration. The work she produced is really remarkably unique and illuminating. Nice article!
Denise McGill (author) from Fresno CA on January 26, 2016:
I know. That is amazing isn't it? It's never too late to do something significant, or to follow your dream. I'm so glad you are following yours. You are an amazing graphic designer. Thanks for commenting.
Korneliya Yonkova from Cork, Ireland on January 25, 2016:
Incredible talented artist. Happy to see her works here on HB. I have heard about her but never had a slightest idea that she has started her career at 71. It is so encouraging for me, because I thought that I was too old when started to create graphic design works at 38. :)
Denise McGill (author) from Fresno CA on December 04, 2015:
Thanks for saying so, Jackie. I love dabblers. They are like shadow artists: artists at heart who never knew they had talent or tried to pursue it. Thanks for stopping by and commenting.
Jackie Lynnley from the beautiful south on December 04, 2015:
I love this and it caught my eye because it is a dream I have never fulfilled; well not to be famous but to dabble in art. lol
Very inspiring and so very interesting. Thanks so much for sharing.
Denise McGill (author) from Fresno CA on September 26, 2015:
Thank you, what a nice thing to say. I love her work because I have done some collage and I know how hard and time consuming it can be. Thanks for commenting.
Laurel Johnson from Washington KS on September 26, 2015:
This is an exceptional hub -- beautiful prose to accompany the breathtaking art. I loved this!!
Denise McGill (author) from Fresno CA on September 22, 2015:
Oh, yes, you have hit upon it. You must be a fellow dreamer, my friend. I think we continue dreaming and hopefully, creating all our lives. Thanks for commenting.
stella vadakin from 3460NW 50 St Bell, Fl32619 on September 22, 2015:
The work is very detailed and accurate. The thistle could be from the sand hills in my woods, they are pretty to look at, but don't touch. I love it. Age means nothing if you can still dream.
Denise McGill (author) from Fresno CA on September 22, 2015:
Absolutely, and I find her writings about the plight of women in those days ahead of her time. She certainly felt that it was a shame women HAD to marry just to survive or even go out of the house into "society". She had so much art in her it's surprising she didn't do more. Thanks again for your comments.
drbj and sherry from south Florida on September 22, 2015:
So realistic! There is no doubt that Mary was superbly creative but exceedingly patient as well.
Denise McGill (author) from Fresno CA on September 21, 2015:
Thanks for the critique. You know I appreciate an extra pair of eyes looking over my work. Also I appreciate art lovers! Thanks for commenting.
Bronwen Scott-Branagan from Victoria, Australia on September 21, 2015:
What amazing work! You repeated the story at one section, but it didn't matter as it was all so interesting. She must have been very dedicated to her art - and also very talented!
Denise McGill (author) from Fresno CA on September 19, 2015:
Thanks Sam. I'm so glad you liked it. I really like female artists, as you can probably tell. Thanks for commenting.
Sam Tumblin from Eunice, La. on September 19, 2015:
Interesting detailed post!