The leopard geckos originate in the geographical area that extends from Iran to northern India, through Pakistan and Afghanistan. This animal of scientific name, Eublepharis macularius, is of the most popular of his Family, due to his beautiful coloration of golden tones, black and white, and his different temperament.
This lizard belongs to the geckonidae family, genus Eublepharis, its adult size is between 25 and 30 cm. Its body is covered with a fine and granulated skin, which gives the animal a velvety appearance. Its limbs end with small fingers. The tail is narrow at the root and widens in the middle ending in a pointed form. The thickness and size of the tail, a reserve of fat for the animal, indicates the nutritional status of your pet. The broken tail regenerates again, but loses its primitive colors and ceases to be so striking.
It is brownish yellow. It presents a base of rounded spots, some very united and others more separated, from brownish black to blackish black. The younger ones present a spectacular coloration of wide brownish stripes on a clear background that disappears as the animal reaches maturity.
On both sides of the head are two wavy stripes from the tip of the muzzle to the back of the head, interrupted by the eye and eardrum. The head is elongated and pointed, widening in the region of the temples. The eyes are provided with well developed eyelids with a vertical pupil.
Most geckos are known for their aggressiveness and hardly establish a good relationship with man. Leopard geckos are quite friendly and can be easily handled as adults. Youngsters have more defensive behaviour and produce strange noises, an innate reaction to danger. However, the bite of the leopard gecko is harmless.
In the first days of captivity one must be patient and adapt the animal to its owner. For example, bring your hands closer to the gecko when you give him food, so that the pet gets used to the caresses and can feel comfortable in your hands.
The geckos predominantly have nocturnal habits, staying in the shelter during the day and going out during the night to look for their prey. Watching them in this activity can be quite a rewarding task. He walks stretching his legs and separating the body from the ground, provoking a very peculiar movement. His curious, lively and alert gaze increases in interest when he sees a prey.
The terrarium should be longer than tall as leopard geckos are not climbers. To start with one or two juvenile geckos, a terrarium of about 1m/0.5m/0.5m/0.5m (length / width / height) is sufficient. Every terrarium must have a good ventilation.
There is a great variety of substrates that we can use. The most important thing about the substrate is that it is non-toxic, without sharp edges and that it will not choke if you put it in your mouth. It is recommended to use kitchen paper, newspaper or toilet paper. You can also choose sand or substrates made of wood fibres (cedar and pine are toxic to gecko).
The Leopard Gecko does not have suction cups on its legs like most gecko species, so you can install some decorative elements on the terrarium like branches that allow the animal to climb. You can also put some hiding places for rocks and small plants so that the reptile can take refuge in times of stress, to sleep and for digestion. They must be resistant materials that do not fall on top of the animal.
The daytime ambient temperature should be between 21 º C and 26 º C and the nighttime temperature between 16 º C and 21 º C. These temperatures can be easily achieved through a reptile bulb.
The diet of the geckos is composed of small insects such as crickets, grasshoppers, lobsters, moths and worms. Before giving them the prey you can batter them in a complex that contains vitamins and calcium special for reptiles.
The leopard gecko is one of the most popular types of geckos bred as pets. They are native to the Middle East, specifically Pakistan, Afghanistan and India.
Gecko Leopard Phases
The leopard gecko is generally yellow, white and spotted with black dots. The offspring begin more scratched and gradually change to the stained appearance. There are multiple color alterations and patterns called morphs, which include virtually all shades of the rainbow.
Some colors are more desirable and valuable, while the common coloring of wild or normal type is easily free and is very accessible.
The leopard gecko can live 20 or more years in captivity. Indicate that the leopard gecko can measure up to 20 centimeters when adult.
Behaviour and Characteristics of the Leopard Gecko
The leopard gecko is a type of nocturnal geckos that live on the ground, usually obedient and simple to domesticate. They do not have sticky pads on their toes like other geckos, so they do not scale walls, more in contrast to other geckos, they do have eyelids.
The leopard gecko is not prone to bite and normally moves slowly. They have cheerful personalities and are known to be really vocal, especially when they have an appetite.
If you have more than one leopard gecko on a circuit, watch out for the possibility of wagging your tail. This means that a leopard gecko feels threatened and is on the verge of attack. You will want to separate them immediately.
Leopard geckos also rattle their tails, like rattlesnakes. The crunching of the tail means that your leopard gecko is moved, or is hungry.
And like many other lizards, when they feel at risk, leopard geckos can self-cut their tail as a defense mechanism. It would be rare to see this in captivity, but it is one of the peculiar behaviors you can see in a leopard gecko.
Planning to Buy gecko leopard?
These very popular pets are simply free, but always and at all times it is best to purchase geckos from a reputable breeder. While they are such long-lived lizards, make sure you are ready to care for a leopard gecko over an extended period of time.
If we want to know the gecko leopard price, we must know that this round between 30 and 40 euros.
The first time you bring home your leopard gecko, you can socialize it by gently manipulating it. They will accept a certain amount of contact, but don't exaggerate or your leopard gecko could get overwhelmed.
Reproduction Gecko Leopard
Breeding leopard geckos is not a difficult task. No wonder a new breeder succeeds at the first attempt.
The leopard gecko thrives quickly and matures for about a year. Males will be ready to reproduce much earlier than females. Females must be a couple of years old to reproduce. The eggs are quite large and laying them can be quite difficult for a young female.
Most mating and egg-laying takes place in late winter or early spring. The male will bite the nape of the female, align its ventilation ducts and mate with the female.
Once gecko leopard reproduction has taken place, the female will proceed to lay the eggs. When she is ready, she will dig a hole, lay her eggs and bury them. The scattered substrate is a good sign that the lizard has laid its eggs.
Gecko leopard Eggs
Gecko leopard eggs aren't hard. The eggs will expand and thrive. You must correctly manage incubation and moisture in order for this to happen.
Place eggs in a bowl two to three inches medium sized. Eggs should be buried halfway. The container can be any clear plastic container with a few holes for circulation. The medium may be vermiculite, sand, or peat.
The medium should be moist, not wet, and you should not be able to draw water from it. The wetness of the container is essential, too much. Otherwise, the eggs develop fungus, will not grow too much and will dry out. If the medium dries during incubation, you may need to add water.
Gecko Leopard Terrarium Care
A tank or terrarium for gecko leopard 60x60x45 is more than enough for these geckos. There should only be one male per tank or terrarium (leopard gecko), and you should only have males and females together if you are willing to deal with the offspring.
Half the logs give room to hide and climb, like commercial reptile caves and simple cardboard boxes. A wet leather box can assist with hair loss. Old fish tanks that no longer hold water will also function perfectly like a gecko leopard terrarium.
Being nocturnal, leopard geckos do not require unique UVB lighting. An incandescent lamp with regular white light can be used to provide a heating point throughout the day and a red, blue or purple lamp or a porcelain heat transmitter can be used to provide extra heat throughout the night.
Underfloor heating pads can be used, but can complicate the convenient regulation of your lizard's temperature. If your lizard sinks into the glass surface of the tank, do not use a heating pad, as this could cause burns. Never use hot stones.
Make sure that your gecko is not exposed to any air currents and do not place the tank or terrarium for leopard gecko next to a window or door. The temperature should be between 26 and 34 degrees, ranging from the lowest registers at night.
Leopard geckos do not require very humid environments, but if the humidity is too low (below twenty percent), your lizard may have trouble detaching. This is a point regarding the surveillance of our leopard gecko cared for.
Substratum for the terrarium of an animal leopard gecko
Young leopard geckos should not live in the sand, even if it is calcium. This is because they may ingest it and have a bowel obstruction. Paper is absorbent and easy to molt, and interior and exterior carpets will also work well. You should keep this in mind if you care about your gecko leopard care.
Avoid wood shavings, as they can damage the small feet of your gecko; besides this, oils in the wood can be irritating to them. Whatever you use, make sure it is not eaten as well as your gecko's meals. Some people choose to nourish their geckos in a separate environment in an empty container to avoid this concern.
Live insects are indispensable for your gecko leopard; gecko leopard food is not composed of plants or vegetables. The best items to use are food vermes or crickets, but you can treat your pet with wax vermes or supergusans once a week if you want. Avoid feeding leopard geckos pink rats.
Feeding Leopard Gecko
Each and every insect should first be given a nutritious powdered diet for at least twelve hours already before feeding their leopard gecko.
This process is called "intestinal load" and is essential for the health of your pet. Chicken or pork puree is free in each and every animal grocery store, and there are many good commercial diets available for this purpose. Simply put the insects in a bowel-laden diet tub with a piece of potato to serve as a water source.
Dusting your insects is one way to give essential vitamins and minerals to your leopard gecko.
Insects and dust dust can be placed in a plastic bag or in a deep tin can and gently shaken to cover the insects' bodies.
When adding the dusted insects to the cage, be sure not to allow dust to penetrate the gecko's eyes. Another way to give extra powder supplements to your gecko is to hold the lid of a small bottle filled with vitamin and mineral powder at all times. The gecko knows how much food his body needs, and will lick the powder accordingly.
Caregivers can offer 2 insects of appropriate size to a leopard gecko. A meal every couple of days is fine. Also note that it is very normal for leopard geckos to eat the skin of their shed.
A dish of shallow water with fresh water must be accessible at all times. It must also be stable so that it cannot be poured. The substrate of the cage should be held dry, so be careful with spills. Make sure that young and adult leopard geckos can be easily removed from the dish you use. Vitamin drops should not be added to the water.
Also, if you're worried and don't know if you've bought everything, Solo Reptiles prepares a gecko leopard terrarium kit. In this way, you will have everything ready for the arrival of your little reptile.
One of the most serious conditions that can affect a leopard gecko is metabolic bone disease. Like humans, geckos get sick if they don't get enough calcium and type D fat-soluble vitamin. Metabolic bone disease can cause painful deformities in the spine and extremities, and the animal will show little hunger and tremors.
- Possibly, have you ever wondered why my leopard gecko doesn't eat?. Well, gecko is also prone to gastroenteritis that comes from a bacterial infection. If your gecko has watery stools, doesn't eat as much, or your tail shrinks, these are signs of gastroenteritis. This condition is potentially fatal, but can be treated if warned early.
- And like other lizards, leopard geckos that are anaemic or live in a cage with deficient humidity can develop dissecation. This condition, which resembles dry skin, makes the gecko complex to detach and can affect your vision.
Finally, leopard geckos are susceptible to a plurality of respiratory infections, including pneumonia. Wheezing or mucus bubbles near the nasal passages and mouth are a sign that your leopard gecko has breathing problems.
Each and every one of these conditions should be treated by a reptile veterinarian.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.