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Blue and Gold Macaws and African Grey Parrots: Can They Really Talk?


We all know parrots can "parrot," but can they REALLY communicate with humans?

Parrots, like the Blue and Gold Macaw to the left, and the African Grey Parrot below, are beautiful, social, and highly intelligent birds. Parrots are often trained by their owners to do tricks and are also well known for being able to talk. But are they really communicating, or just mimicking our words?

Read on. You may be surprised at what you hear!


This page includes information about Blue and Gold Macaws, African Grey Parrots, and the ability of parrots to actually communicate, in words, with humans.

Photo Credit: Blue and Gold Macaw - Beatice Murch

Photo Credit: African Grey Parrot - Ernst Vikne

What Do Blue and Yellow Macaw's Look Like? - Blue and Yellow Macaws are Very Colorful Birds!

Blue and Yellow Macaw

Blue and Yellow Macaw

This is a Blue And Yellow Macaw. Blue and Yellow Macaws have blue wings and backs, and yellow feathers on their bellies. There is a touch of green on their foreheads. Their faces, which are mostly bare skin, are white, with small black feathers creating lines near their eyes.

An interesting fact about Blue and Yellow Macaws is that when they get excited, they blush and their faces turn pink!

Photo Credit: Evildrjeff

Check out their beaks! - Think those beaks can talk?

blue and gold macaws

blue and gold macaws

Macaws are members of the parrot family. All parrots have curved beaks. Macaws use their curved beaks not only for cracking open nutshells, but also for climbing and hanging in trees!

Photo Credit: Lightfoot

A Blue and Yellow Macaw - Nassau

A Blue and Yellow Macaw - Nassau

Where Do Blue and Gold Macaws Live?

Are Blue and Gold Macaws endangered?

Blue and Gold Macaws can be found in South America, Central America, and the southern tip of well as in many zoos, pet stores, and homes. Although they are not at risk as much as many other types of macaws, Blue and Gold Macaws are on the endangered list in Trinidad. Part of the reason for the decline in macaws is the pet trade.

The Blue and Gold Macaw pictured here lives at Ardastra Zoo and Gardens in Nassau. He not only greets visitors as they enter the zoo, he also poses for pictures with them as they leave!

I can't help but wonder though. Is he sleeping on the job?

A Close Encounter With A Blue And Yellow Macaw! - in the Bahamas

Blue and Gold Macaw

Blue and Gold Macaw

During the summer of 09, my family made a trip to the Bahamas. One of the exciting things we did while we were there was visit the Ardastra Zoo in Nassau. As we entered the zoo, we were greeted by a Blue and Gold Macaw sitting on a perch. (You saw his photo in the previous section.) As we prepared to leave, a zoo employee stopped us and asked us if we'd like to pose with his birds. Here you can see my daughter, Jessica, being kissed by a beautiful white bird, while the zoo's Blue and Gold Macaw perched on a zoo hat on her head!

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Who Can Solve the Puzzle Faster? - A Blue and Gold Macaw? Or a human?

Think you could beat the bird's time in solving the puzzle? Others have tried!

Listen to what this lady says about parrots and language - Have you ever heard a bird sing (in English)? If not, you're in for a real treat!

While this isn't a Blue and Gold Macaw in this short video, it is a nice example of a parrot speaking in English. Oh, did I saw speaking? I meant singing!

Do all Blue and Gold Macaws do is "parrot?"

Or are parrots capable of something more?

If you listened to the youtube above, you'll have heard one opinion about parrots and language. "All they are capable of doing is mimicking the sounds they hear. They don't really know what they are saying."

That's what we've always been told, right?

But in recent years, some people are disagreeing. Keep reading. In the next section, we hear a very different opinion!

This Blue and Gold Macaw's mom claims her birds know what they're saying.

More than Mimicking?

Ray is a Blue and Green Macaw. His owner wrote: "Ray knows what he is saying and how to get what he wants by saying certain things - he only asks for potatoes when I am cooking potatoes. My Gray regularly says "I wanna come out" and then rattles the locks, or "How about some water?" when his water bottle is empty. They are extremely smart!"

Here's Ray in Action. - This video is long, so if you're short on time you might not want to watch the whole thing, but at least take a quick listen!

We can train a dog to "sit" or "beg" or "roll over" and he'll understand what we want him to do. It seems to me that "Ray" in the video above is trained in much the same way. He knows which response goes with which question - not that he always responds appropriately. He did remind me a bit of a human toddler who's mom is trying to get him to show off. Those of you with kids probably know what I"m taking about! The kid does something so cute when no one but you are watching, but let Grandma come over and suddenly your toddler acts clueless as to how to do or say it again!

Okay, most human toddlers don't do it to that extreme, nor does Ray in the video. Ray did come up with the correct response quite a few times! He demonstrated that he was doing more than just mouthing off words at random. But is that communicating any more than rolling over is when a human tells their dog to roll over? It's a form of communication. Sure. The human is communicating with the animal, and the animal is responding. But could there be anything more between humans and their feather, scale, or fur covered friends? Could the conversation ever become more of a two way affair?

Keep reading...

Meet Arielle: A Blue and Gold Macaw - An Example Of Interspecies Communication?

Arielle is a 19 year old Blue and Yellow Macaw. Her owner, Michael Dalton, has been studying her language abilities for 19 years, and is convinced that Arielle is able to communicate her thoughts by speaking. She isn't just parroting his sentences back to him. According to Michael Dalton, she's truly communicating. She's able to put words together in new sentences she's never heard before. She uses expressions at appropriate times to communicate whatever she'd like.

Arielle has a vocabulary of close to 6000 items and speaks over 4000 expressions. Michael Dalton says Arielle's development of language has been much like that of a young child's, and that she is even able to rhyme, make jokes, use pronouns correctly, know which form of the verb she needs to match the subject ("I am" vs "You are.") and express her emotions, thoughts and questions.

Here are a few examples: (More examples can be found on Dalton's website!)

  • Arielle uses a gesture when she wants to be picked up. If she's not picked up then, she requests "Come up" or "Want up" in English.
  • One day while out for a walk with her owner, she saw a puddle. She didn't know the word for puddle, so she said, "Wet."
  • Arielle asks, "Hurt?" if she wants to know if something might hurt her. She even raises her pitch at the end, just like a human asking a question.

A Book on Teaching Your Bird to Talk.

African Grey Parrots - Very intelligent and gentle birds


photo of African grey parrot by Michael Gwyther-Jones

Another highly intelligent bird is the African Grey Parrot. African Grey Parrots are medium sized parrots that live in the rainforests of West and Central Africa. There are two types of Africa Grey parrots: Congo African Greys and Timneh African Greys. Although captive parrots in general are known for their ability to make human sounds, African Grey Parrots have even been documented mimicking sounds from other species while in the wild!

Meet Alex: An African Grey Parrot Who Learned English

Dr. Irene Pepperberg's Work: 30 Years of Research

Alex was an African Grey Parrot. He was taught abou 150 words by researcher Dr. Irene Pepperberg. Alex wasn't just taught how to speak the words; he was taught their meaning. He also learned to identify colors and shapes and how to count up to 6 objects. He.was beginning to learn to read letter sounds, prior to his unexpected death in 2007.

Like Arielle, Alex was able to put words together to express new thoughts. One day, for example, he saw a banana and wanted some of it, but he didn't know the word for banana. His solution was to say, "Alex want yellow food."

Alex truly had a lot of personality, and he knew what he wanted! Sometimes Alex would get tired or bored and begin making mischief (purposely giving the wrong answers). If Dr. Pepperberg got annoyed at Alex, Alex would say, "I'm sorry" and would usually then cooperate. When he got tired of working, he'd say, "Wanna go back" (to his cage). Sometimes he'd request to be taken somewhere else. If he was taken there, he'd rest quietly. If he was taken somewhere else instead, he'd protest! He also would request specific foods, and be agitated if he was given a different food instead, possibly even throwing it at the researcher before repeating his original request!

Alex and Me

This is Dr. Irene Pepperberg's book about Alex.

Videos of Alex, the Talking Parrot and Dr. Pepperberg - Parrot Intelligence and Communication

Another very interesting video that discusses the communication of parrots can be found at Parrot Intelligence: Dr. Pepperberg with African Greys Griffin, Alex, and Einstein.

More About Dr. Irene Pepperberg's Research - With Alex, The African Grey Parrot

  • The Alex Foundation | Avian Education Foundation
    Dr. Irene Pepperberg did research on the ability of African Grey Parrots to learn language and communicate with humans. You can read more about Alex and what he was able to learn at this website.
  • Wikipedia- Irene Pepperberg
    This link tells more about Dr. Pepperberg's research with Alex. There is also a discussion on this page about using Dr. Pepperberg's methods for teaching language to autistic children.
  • Alex
    This link takes you to a Wikipedia article about Alex and what he was able to learn during his lifetime. I found the "accomplishments" section of this article to be fascinating!

There's a short video, as well as an article, on this link! They're both worth checking out!

  • Is This Parrot Really Talking?
    Dr. Teresa Lightfoot, DVM, Avian Specialist, talks about both Alex and Arielle on a short video. There is also an article about Arielle and Michael Dalton.

African Grey Parrot

Photo by L.Miguel Bugallo Sánche

Comments? Questions?

Think Some Birds Can Learn How To REALLY Communicate With Us?

I'm now convinced. How about you?

I'd love to hear your thoughts, views, and experiences!!

Can Parrots Really Talk? - Or are they just mimicking us?


Rhonda Albom from New Zealand on December 17, 2012:

I'll admit, I am a sucker for great photos so I was drawn right into this lens. Good information too. Blessed.

gottaloveit2 on December 17, 2012:

I found it interesting that the newscaster doing the video on Alex the parrots death stumbled over his words! This is a lovely article. Very well done.

LisaKelley on September 08, 2012:

To add to my previous comment, our Grey also says every morning, "Wanna come out and help Dad make the coffee!" She keeps saying this until Daddy takes her out of her cage and lets her play on the kitchen counter while he makes the coffee. Love these guys! Yes, they definitely know what they are saying!

LisaKelley on September 07, 2012:

Love your lens. We have an African Grey, Senegal, and Moustached Parakeet (star of my children's book, "The Lonely Parrot"). The Grey is amazingly intelligent and speaks with knowledge of what she is saying. For example, she'll say, "Wanna come out" when she wants to come out of her cage. If something frightens her, she says, "Don't be scared." If she's hanging upside down in her cage, she says, "What are you doing upside down." She says "Hi Mommy" when I come home and "Bye Mommy" when I leave. So yes, I agree with you. Parrots DO communicate with us, and they have complete understanding of what is going on in her environment. It's like talking to another human being. Great lens. Great photos! Great recommendations. If you get a chance, please check out my lens:

ComfortsOfHome on August 17, 2012:

I can't get over the picture of your daughter with the macaw perched on her hat, and another one kissing her! I'd probably be very nervous to do that - but macaws are such beautiful birds, I do like to look at them from a safe distance!

jenjenjenga on August 13, 2012:

I love parrots!

supersiva on June 30, 2012:

I love parrots and especially macaws

mycalculadora on May 27, 2012:

a great lens! RIP Alex :)

filcaske1 lm on May 22, 2012:

I had to stop by again and look at your beautiful pictures! Blue and Gold Macaw is one of my favorite birds. I think all birds are beautiful but the Macaw really takes the cake! After living with birds almost my entire life, I too, can say they don't just mimic. They really do understand what they are saying, and what we are saying! Love it! Thank you!

anonymous on April 29, 2012:

@JanieceTobey: wow

anonymous on April 29, 2012:

@wormwood80: they are so much smart

anonymous on April 29, 2012:

i love them

wormwood80 on April 19, 2012:

Great lens! I like that you highlighted the cases of birds actually knowing what they're saying - far too many people assume they are just mimicking. As someone who lives with parrots, I can tell you without a doubt that they understand a number of phrases. My birds always warn me they're about to drop a bomb by saying "Poop!" One requests out of cage time with, "Step up!" (that's what I say to her when I come to get her out).

crstnblue on March 23, 2012:

Very nice and informative lens!

Glad to find it and learn something new today! : )

Holly Starenchak Baukhagen from North Carolina on March 11, 2012:

I am an aviculturist expert, avian vet tech, and a full time parront of a C.A.G, a Redheaded Mexican Amazon, and 2 conures. I am certain of their intelligence. My grey no doubt can learn how to read in time. They have distinct likes and dislikes, and they understand what they want, and let us know, very clearly, when they want it.

Bill Armstrong from Valencia, California on March 09, 2012:

Awesome lens, love it :-)

Zut Moon on February 16, 2012:

Pinned and blessed.

Ruthi on January 23, 2012:

Very impressive lens on bird communication with humans. Alex is a wonder! Blessings and a bit o' sunshine for this enjoyable flight.

Peggy Hazelwood from Desert Southwest, U.S.A. on January 23, 2012:

Great photos. I love the one with your daughter. She's very brave! I'm scared of birds.

Pam Irie from Land of Aloha on January 23, 2012:

I think birds make nice companions. My mom used to have a parakeet and we had a cockatoo for many years. I didn't know the Blue and Gold Macaws faces turn pink when they are excited. That's interesting to know. :)

hntrssthmpsn on January 23, 2012:

I simply don't have the time to keep a happy parrot, but I am blessed with a few friends who do, so I've been lucky enough to spend some time in the company of these amazing birds. Thanks for sharing this lens!

filcaske1 lm on January 19, 2012:

I really liked your lens! I wrote my first lens about exotic birds/parrots last night, and reading others lenses is really inspiring! I love birds! Keep up the good work!

Zut Moon on December 29, 2011:

Good lens ... Thank You.

Nancy Tate Hellams from Pendleton, SC on December 28, 2011:

This was such an interesting read and you can sure tell that you put a lot of work and research into creating this wonderful page about the Blue and Gold Macaws and African Greys.

anonymous on December 28, 2011:

I enjoyed this so much! The videos, information and photos are fantastic! Blessed!

Gigglish on December 28, 2011:

I remember being told by someone who owns and loves parrots that they are like a cross between a toddler and an alien. :)

Heather Burns from Wexford, Ireland on December 28, 2011:

As I wrote above, I know that some birds really do understand and pick up language.

jimmyworldstar on December 03, 2011:

When I think of macaws I think of rainforests! I guess macaws don't know how to talk like we do but know which response to use in the right situation.

Mary Norton from Ontario, Canada on November 25, 2011:

Am not really familiar with these. Thanks for the info.

Shari O'Leary from Minnesota on November 09, 2011:

What a great lens! Nice job!

jackieb99 on March 07, 2011:

Love the lens...very interesting reading.

dustytoes on February 25, 2011:

Thanks for this page about parrots. I love that shot of your daughter. She is brave! Leaving a blessing.

anonymous on February 20, 2011:

I love the photos on this Lens.

anonymous on February 18, 2011:

I was in the neighborhood, so I stopped to take another peek at these beautiful birds. I'm going through your 10 newest list and having such fun!

missbat on February 13, 2011:

Such beautiful birds and so very intelligent! I'm certain macaws CAN talk! A fabulous lens. Loved all the pretty pictures.

JanieceTobey (author) on February 13, 2011:

@sheriangell: Thanks so much for sharing your experience with your parrot!

sheriangell on February 13, 2011:

I've owned parrots including a Scarlett Macaw. Yes they can most definitely communicate. I had a parrot who every time the dogs barked he would tell them to "Be Quiet!". Then he would say "Want to go outside?" He could actually call them each by name. It was fascinating.

dwnovacek on January 31, 2011:

I'm a strong believer in the intelligence of parrots and their ability to speak of their own volition. Wonderfully informative lens with gorgeous photos. Angel Blessings!

Jack on January 30, 2011:

Excellent lens. Blessed.

Treasures By Brenda from Canada on January 30, 2011:

Great lens; I've never thought so much about how and why birds communicate. You have chosen some amazing pictures. Blessed.

Ann Hinds from So Cal on January 30, 2011:

I believe that these birds are extremely intelligent and do communicate. Great lens and great videos.

Sandy Mertens from Frozen Tundra on January 30, 2011:

I love macaws. They are fascinating birds. Great lens.

anonymous on January 29, 2011:

That aj took everything I was going to say! A beautiful and fascinating piece os art here!

Anthony Godinho from Ontario, Canada on January 28, 2011:

This is an excellent lens you've put together -- very informative and loved all the beautiful pictures. It's amazing what these birds can do! :)

tssfacts on January 28, 2011:

Great article. I am still undecided as to whether they can really communicate or not. You did give us some interesting facts to consider. Great job.

hayleylou lm on January 28, 2011:

I learnt so much here, great images. **Blessed** and featured on My Time as a Squid Angel :)

GiftsBonanza on January 28, 2011:

Amazing colours - and think all animals find the best way they can to communicate with us :)

rlivermore on January 27, 2011:

Yes, I believe birds can communicate to us in different ways.

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