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Types of Hamsters

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Mr zino Engineer graduated from the University of Batna 2, my hobby is writing, researching, and working online

hamster

hamster

Hamster
The hamster is a small rodent animal, whose body is covered with long and dense fur whose color varies according to its type, ranging from grayish-brown to reddish-brown, while the lower parts of it are white or of gray and black hues, and the hamster is characterized by small ears covered with fur, an inner pod in the cheek, and has a durable body, a tail much shorter than the length of the body, wide feet, short legs full, hamsters are isolation-loving animals, and are often nocturnal activity, but may sometimes be active in the early morning, The hamster lives in burrows that he digs himself and makes them more than one entrance, divided into compartments for storage, nesting, and other activities, and he may also live in burrows dug by other mammals.

Types of hamsters
There are 24 species of hamsters, the most famous of which are hamsters that can be kept as pets, such as:

  • The Syrian hamster, or golden hamster: scientifically known as Mesocricetus auratus, which is the most famous type of hamster, ranging in length between (12.5 - 17.5) centimeters, and lives from (2-3) years, has a curious and isolationist nature, known by several names depending on the difference in colors, including golden hamsters, honey, and others.
  • Russian dwarf hamster: Also known as the dwarf Campbell hamster, scientifically known as Phodopus campbelli, its length varies between (10-12) centimeters, and lives between (1.5-3 years), native to the semi-arid regions of Central Asia, the Altai Mountains, and northeastern China, this type of hamster can coexist with other individuals of the same type, and is fast-moving and active at dawn, dusk.
  • Russian dwarf winter white: Also known as the Siberian hamster, its scientific name is Phodopus sungorus, ranging in length between (8-10) centimeters, and lives between (1.5-2) years, and can be found in Siberia, Kazakhstan, and Mongolia. It is called winter white, because it replaces its summer fur, brown gray, or grayish-blue with bright white fur during the winter.
  • Chinese hamster: Scientifically known as Cricetulus griseus, its length ranges between (10-12) centimeters, and lives from (2-3) years, and is a calm hamster, native to the deserts of northern China and Mongolia, either the color of its fur is grayish-brown, and has a dark stripe along the spine, and the lower part of the body is pale in color, or its fur color is white and gray, and has a dark stripe on the back. Compared to other hamsters, the body of the Chinese hamster is long, thin, and long-tailed.
  • Desert hamster: Scientifically known as Phodopus roborovskii, it is a small animal of no more than (4.5) centimeters in length, and lives for a period of no more than (3.5) years, native to the Gobi Desert, the steppe of Mongolia, parts of northern China, the color of its fur is sandy, or golden, and the lower parts of the body are white in color, the desert hamster is characterized by white markings above the eyes, it is the smallest species of pet hamster, the longest-lived hamster, and has an active and fast nature.
The Syrian hamster

The Syrian hamster

Hamster reproduction

Hamster females are usually aggressive with males, but they accept the presence of males in their fertile period, and after mating the pregnant female becomes two or three times fatter than usual, becomes less active, tends to eat more, and the female hamster can get pregnant two or three times per year, and the gestation period varies from one type to another, ranging from (18-22) days, and gives birth at a time between (3-12) puppies depending on the type of hamster, but not necessarily to do The mother breastfeeds all the little ones and can eat some of them.
When the date of birth approaches, the mother's activity increases, and she begins to build a nest to receive puppies, and gives birth while standing, and cuts the umbilical cord, and the birth of all puppies takes between (10-30) minutes, and the mother takes advantage of the period between a small exit and another by sleeping, or by reorganizing the nest, and then begins to clean the puppies that are blind, and remain so during the first two weeks of birth. Puppies begin to drink water 13-15 days after birth, and begin to eat between the days (16-21). Puppies are weaned when they reach the age of (3) weeks, and become sexually mature between the sixth to seventh weeks of age.

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But why does a female hamster eat her young? There is more than one theory to explain the mother's mother's eating of her young, including that she eats some puppies, to provide her body with enough protein to breastfeed the remaining puppies, or because the place where she lives does not accommodate all the little ones, and she may also eat her young if she estimates that there is not enough food for everyone, and eats some puppies before she dies on her own, another theory says that the mother may suffer from trauma during childbirth and look at the little ones as a threat to her and eat them, or may They do this only to reduce the burden of caring for them, as they eat weak and unnatural puppies.

One of the tips that those who want to keep a hamster as a pet should adhere to is not to touch the young hamsters and carry them early, because they will pick up the smell of humans, which leads to the mother treating them as a source of food, because the smell of man is then associated with food.

Hamster reproduction

Hamster reproduction

Hamster feed
The name hamster is derived from the German word "hamstern" and means treasure, because the hamster collects food in a special pod in each cheek to transport it to burrows and stores it to be able to eat it later. The hamster feeds on fruits, vegetables, seeds, cereals, walnuts, corn, insects, lizards, frogs, and other small animals. When buying a hamster as a pet, care must be taken to ensure that its food contains (16%) protein and (5%) fat at least.

General information about hamsters
Here's some information about hamsters:

  • The golden hamster, or Syrian hamster, is an endangered animal according to the IUCN Red List, due to the loss of its natural habitat as a result of the expansion of humans in agricultural and development projects.
  • The sense of vision of a hamster is weak, compensated for by the special glands on its back, which secrete easily distinguishable odors. While walking, a hamster begins to rub its back with objects it passes by, and uses this smell to infer its way back to its burrow.
  • The hamster's teeth grow constantly, and he needs to place twigs and wood to keep his teeth short, otherwise they will grow and increase in length and injure the lips and roof of the mouth.
  • A female hamster puts her young in the bursa inside her cheek when she feels threatened, and takes them to a safe place.

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