In addition to the professional banking experience, Farhat is a professional article writer with experience of over 3 years in writing.
What is Wildlife Trading?
In wildlife trading, people exchange or sell animals or plants. It involves live plants, animals, or a wide range of plant and animal products. Wild animals are targeted for captive hunting, the fur trade, exotic pet trade, or poaching and the sky is the limit from there. A few animal types are progressively in danger as they keep on being sold or utilized, either for their parts or alive. The community is devastated and the strategies used to transport, catch or murder creatures can cause enormous torment.
Expanding interest and demand for wild creatures and their parts compromises many species, like macaws, tigers, elephants, pangolins, and many more. Wildlife trading weakens the law and security for societies living alongside wild places and wildlife. In the early 1990s, wildlife products were imported worldwide each year worth $160B[i]. Moreover, there is a huge and productive illicit wildlife trade, but since it is led clandestinely nobody can decide with any precision what this might be worth.
Wildlife Trading - A Problem
Most of the wildlife trade is legal and it can possibly be extremely harmful and by no means always a problem. Wildlife trade is one of the major threats to animal survival after habitat extinction. According to Living Planet Report, 2020 of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), between 1970 and 2016, an average decline of 68% in population size of species is monitored globally, which includes fish, mammals, amphibians, reptiles, birds.[ii]. Maybe the prominent issue regarding wildlife trade is overexploitation to the point where the survival of animals requires balance maintenance.
Wildlife is a fundamental part of the lives globally at a high proportion and most often the poor. Most of the rural people rely upon local trees for fuel and local wild animals for their meat protein, and both plants and wild animals give segments of conventional drugs utilized by most individuals worldwide. Most of the people living in developing countries depend mainly on the continuous supply of local wildlife resources. Worldwide, natural life exchange is the 2nd greatest danger to the fundamental biodiversity of our planet, following habitat loss. A new report by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) tracked down that 958 species recorded as in danger were at risk for eradication because of their global trading.[iii] There are endless instances of species that have been demolished by the wildlife trade, including rhinoceros, elephants, and pangolins. This has wrecking impacts on wildlife itself yet in addition on people.
Indeed, numerous researchers attest that the obliteration of nature is as perilous to human existence as environmental change—and may undermine human existence sooner than global warming—since it can bring about falling impacts that reduce overall ecosystem functioning. Undoubtedly, we rely upon biodiversity, which means a wide scope of animal varieties existing together in the world, for the sound soil and yields that give us food, the water we drink, the perfect air we inhale, and the solidness of climate change. About 4 billion individuals depend upon natural medicines for their health care, medicines whose ingredients could be destroyed by deficiency of biodiversity
A Fight Against Wildlife-Trading
Illegal trading of wildlife feeds corruption, sabotages security in delicate states, and undermines precious species to the place of termination.
Support from Government:
A declaration was signed by forty-two countries in London on Illegal Wildlife Trade in February 2014. where they made an aggregate obligation to end this scourge, help networks that experience the side effects of its results, and ensure jeopardized species. Canada donated two million dollars in emergency funding to fight activities involving illegal wildlife trade in Central and East Africa[iv]. A resolution was passed by members of the UN’s Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal justice proclaiming unlawful wildlife trading to be a “serious crime” requiring sentences of 4 years or more[v].
National Geographic has partnered with the U.S. Agency for International Development, TRAFFIC, the wildlife trade monitoring network, and the Smithsonian, for supporting "Wildlife Crime Tech Challenge," a competition that is awarding many prizes of up to $0.5 million to combat animal trafficking through innovative techniques [vi].
Technology to Combat Wildlife Trading:
DNA analysis of ivory is very helpful in investigating the pinpoint of illegal ivory and highlights the high-risk area where enforcement is needed while comparing with DNA-based mapping of elephant populations.
WILDSCAN was launched in Vietnam. It is made to help cops and law representatives deal with, identify and report illegal trading of wildlife and this app is publicly available[vii]. The application gives data and photographs on fundamentally jeopardized animals that are traded through Asia regularly. This app moreover gives information on the consideration of wild creatures and plants, for example watering prerequisites or their favored food varieties to help customs authority securely handle seized wildlife.
This Fight Needs More!
Human existence relies upon the presence of a working planet Earth, cautious and smart utilization of wildlife animals and their habitats are needed to avoid extinction and maintain the balance of the ecosystem. A fairly simple way to help the issue is by educating the public – especially those who live in areas where wildlife trading is so prominent. There are many things that people can do from home to help save endangered animals throughout the world. Some of these ways are through petitions, donations, and even volunteer work. The world is a lot more modest because of the web and now it's simpler than at any other time to report unlawful trading of wildlife when you see it. ‘Wildleaks’ started by the Elephant Action League, allows anyone to anonymously report wildlife crimes around the world[viii]. If everyone is contributing and helping solve the problem, all of the solutions will be more effective. Further, this will create more resources in the community. If we start by growing the community involvement, this will lead to more manpower and more financial support to help combat the problem. A Push to governments is needed for the protection of jeopardized species through increased law enforcement, strict deterrents implementation, reduction in demand for endangered animals, and honoring international commitments made under nations.
[i] WWF, W. (2020). Unsustainable and illegal wildlife tradeww. Retrieved April 07, 2021, from https://wwf.panda.org/discover/our_focus/wildlife_practice/problems/illegal_trade/
[ii] Hancock, L. (2020, September 09). 68% average decline in species population sizes since 1970, says NEW wwf Report. Retrieved April 07, 2021, from https://www.worldwildlife.org/press-releases/68-average-decline-in-species-population-sizes-since-1970-says-new-wwf-report
[iii] Yi Hou, C. (2020, July 16). Wildlife trade 101. Retrieved April 07, 2021, from https://www.nrdc.org/stories/wildlife-trade-101
[iv] Wilson, P. (2021). The London declaration's role in the fight Against wildlife trade. Retrieved April 07, 2021, from https://www.un.org/en/chronicle/article/london-declarations-role-fight-against-wildlife-trade
[v] WWF, W. (2020). Big wins in the fight for wildlife. Retrieved April 07, 2021, from https://wwf.panda.org/discover/our_focus/wildlife_practice/problems/illegal_trade/wildlife_trade_campaign/
[vi] Raxter, P. (2021, February 10). 11 ways technology stops crime against endangered animals. Retrieved April 07, 2021, from https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/article/150706-wildlife-crime-technology-poaching-endangered-animals
[vii] Raxter, P. (2021, February 10). 11 ways technology stops crime against endangered animals. Retrieved April 07, 2021, from https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/article/150706-wildlife-crime-technology-poaching-endangered-animals
[viii] Kessler, R. (2019, February 01). 7 ways you can help stop the illegal wildlife trade. Retrieved April 07, 2021, from https://www.ecohealthalliance.org/2017/10/7-ways-you-can-help-stop-the-illegal-wildlife-trade
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.