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The need for Definitive Diagnosis in Canine Parvoviral Enteritis

Canine Parvo viral enteritis is one of the most common deadliest diseases in dogs. Unfortunately, dogs are our best friend and most dog owners do everything within their power to save the life of their best friend. Consequently, Parvo is also a threat to our happiness. Just as in most viral infections, the parvo virus can spread from one dog to another which makes it even more deadlier when it enters a kennel or a home that has other dogs or canine pets. Moreover, the virus can survive for months in the environment.

It is known that Canine parvo viral enteritis (CPV ) has no known cure. Survival depends largely on the patient’s immune system and responds to the viral infection. Some people claim to have treated CPV with ease. There are also claims that some drugs cure the infection. The aim is not to question such claims but to remind us that there are cases that may mimic the disease.

CPV share some clinical signs with some other diseases even common worm infestation can present clinical signs seen in CPV. The claim that some drugs cure CPV is common among breeders and other none professionals. Although some professionals who fail to do definitive diagnosis may think that one drug is the savior.

We are aware that not everyone has access to test kits or other diagnostic tools and most diagnosis especially in the developing countries are tentative diagnosis. The sad news is that some Vet. doctors do state a case with certainty without using any diagnostic tools. Even when the clinical signs are clearly seen, maybe except in diseases that has pathogonomic signs, one should not conclude without a confirmatory test.

The point is that most people have successfully treated other diseases thinking they treated parvo so easily or successfully. There was a case in which a patient suffered and survived a suspected parvo case as a puppy. There was vomiting , foul smelling bloody watery stool and loss of appetite among others. Then two years later, the same patient suffered what seemed to be another parvo case which eventually took its life. Even a relapse is not expected to happen after some many months.

It is alleged that parvo survivors do not suffer it again in their life time because of the developed immunity which will take very long time to wane. By the time it would wane, it is expected that the patient will not live that long which is about twenty years or more.

Science is interested in proves not assumptions. Therefore any claim should be well proven to be true else it should remain as an assumption.

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