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The fastest animals
When asked a simple question like: What is the fastest animal in the world? The answer will not be as simple as it may seem at first glance. It is unfair to compare the speed of animals that fly in the air, with those that swim in the water, or those that walk on land; Because each environment has its own conditions, and each environment requires special adaptations so that the animal that lives in it can run at full speed.
The cheetah is the fastest land animal in the world
The cheetah (scientific name: Acinonyx jubatus) ranks first inland animals in terms of speed, (the word wild means that it lives on land), the cheetah can run at a speed of up to 64.8 miles per hour (29 meters per second), but the Its speed stands out only in short distances. It is known that the cheetah is not able to maintain its speed for a long time.
The hunted cheetah is characterized by a cylindrical body covered with yellowish-brown fur, with black specks ranging in diameter between 2-3 centimeters. And two high eyes, descending from the corner of each of them, a black line that passes from the side of the nose to the mouth, called the line of tears, and this line helps protect the eyes from the glare of the sun's rays. The weight of an adult cheetah ranges between 40 and 65 kilograms, its body length ranges between 115 and 135 centimeters, and the length of its tail reaches 84 centimeters. Its heads are a little bigger.
The fastest land animal after the cheetah
Here are the names of some wild animals that can run fast, but their speed is less than that of a cheetah:
- The American Antelope (English: Pronghorn Antelope) can reach speeds of 60 miles per hour.
- The blue wildebeest, with a speed of 50 miles per hour. The lion (English: Lion) also has a speed of 50 miles per hour.
- The Thomson's gazelle (English: Thomson's gazelle) can reach speeds of 50 miles per hour.
- The brown hare has a speed of 48 miles per hour.
The peregrine falcon is the fastest bird in the world
The peregrine falcon or peregrine falcon (scientific name: Falco peregrinus) is the fastest bird at all. Although its speed during normal flight does not exceed 40-60 miles per hour, this speed doubles to reach 220 miles per hour (354 km / h). hour) when swooping, and what helps the peregrine falcon to fly at such a speed is the shape of its streamlined body, its pointed wings, its strong chest muscles, and its strong feathers that reduce friction with the air.
The peregrine falcon is the most widespread type of bird of prey, as it spreads in all the continents of the world, and it inhabits open rocky places near the water where birds abound. tall buildings like skyscrapers. The length of the peregrine falcon ranges between 33-48 cm, and the color of its feathers is grayish-blue from the top, and from the bottom, the color of its feathers is white or yellowish-white with black bars.
The number of peregrine falcons decreased in the aftermath of the Second World War due to the use of insecticides such as (DDT) and dieldrin, which caused a decrease in the calcium content in the eggs of the peregrine falcon, making it more fragile and more susceptible to breakage, but its numbers rose again after the ban on the use of organochlorine pesticides
Sailfish is the fastest marine animal in the world
Sailfish ( Istiophorus ), which can reach speeds of more than 68 mph (110 km/h), is the fastest fish. Sailfish is famous for its beautiful colors. The body color on the dorsal side is dark blue, while on the ventral side it is white with brown spots, and there are 20 stripes consisting of blue dots on each side of the fish's body, and the fins are often Blue to black, except for the anal fins, which are white.
Sailfish are also characterized by a very long dorsal fin in the form of a sail, and this sail is usually folded down during swimming, but it is raised up when the sailfish encounters its enemies to appear much larger than its real size, in fact, it is no more than three meters long, and rarely It weighs more than 90 kilograms.
Fastest fish after sailfish
Although there is disagreement in some references regarding the speed of fish whose speed is less than that of sailfish, the fish can be arranged according to their speed from fastest to least fast as follows:
- The swordfish can reach speeds of 60 miles per hour.
- Marlin fish: can reach speeds of 50 miles per hour.
- Wahoo fish: can reach speeds of 48 miles per hour.
- Tuna fish: can reach speeds of 46 miles per hour.
- The bonito fish: can reach speeds of 40 miles per hour.
General information about the speed of some animals
In the following, we learn about the fastest animal among marine mammals, reptiles, mollusks, and insects:
- The fastest marine mammals are common dolphins, which can reach speeds of up to 40 miles per hour (64 km/h).
- The fastest reptile is the spiny-tailed iguanas, with a top speed of 21.5 miles per hour (35 km/h).
- The fastest mollusk is the squid, and both the Humboldt squid and the Jumbo squid reach speeds of 15 miles per hour (24 km/h).
- The fastest insect is the Australian tiger beetle, and it can reach speeds of up to 5.6 miles per hour (9 km
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2022 Selena Fanchon