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The Coyote, Coydogs, Coywolves, and Coyotes in Urban Environments

The Coyote

Likely one moment here where I live it could well be dead silence in the night or even just before sundown, and then, without any notice to speak of, the night could erupt in screams and howls so vicious sounding as to be frightening. Mostly, the fright is due to the sudden change in the sound scape of my environment.

They most often sound like demons, tormented in hell, urging one onward towards damnation, and as often as not, mixed into it all is the sound of horrific laughter, the kind of laughter that a demented abuser would use as he lashes out at his victim in spite.

Other times, it just sounds cool.

Though I have plenty of neighbours around, there is also just beyond the houses here, a creek bottom and a lot of unpopulated woodlands. Coyotes here are often heard, and seldom seen. Maybe once in a while someone will see one creeping about in the early morning hours around dawn.

In the town of Kaufman, Texas; and in the city cemetery, a very old cemetery by local standards - I once drove through and saw a coyote with someone's family cat in it's mouth. It was shocking to see because of how densely populated the particular area of the town is. I'd imagine that the large cemetery does provide some meals at nights though, as surely rabbits and squirrels are all over the place there.

I thought the thing looked like Satan, and it surely knew that it was getting away with something - it's pointed ears resembled devil horns.

Canis latrans - The Coyote


The Resilient Coyote

  • Coyotes: The Wild Becomes Urban - Advocacy For Animals
    But as elsewhere on Earth, the continent is increasingly overrun with humans, which almost inevitably means a loss of habitat for anything that is not human—coyotes included. Coyotes have therefore had to learn to live around us, a task made less one

The Resilient Coyote

Here in Kaufman County, Texas - it used to not be uncommon while travelling down rural farm to market roads to see dead coyotes hanging on fences. This was the common practice for farmers or ranchers who'd shot coyotes, and the dead one hanging on a fence would serve to allow the other coyotes the opportunity to realize that they'd maybe do better finding another place to hunt or hang out.

I seriously doubt that coyotes were ever much cognizant of the idea of property lines regulated and defined by barbed wire fences, but then again the critters are surely vastly more intelligent than we typically give them credit for.

Last I checked there was still a five dollar bounty on coyotes on the books here. I wonder where I should turn in my dead coyotes and collect my cash?

I'm joking, of course, about my dead coyotes....I've never shot a coyote, they're pretty hard to ever even see, though at any moment I know it's likely to sound like they're having a party just outside my door. I was NOT joking, however, about the five dollar bounty per dead coyote being on "the books" here. I'd imagine that such rewards are legally binding in many counties in Texas and across the nation.

The Urban Coyote


Urban Coyotes

Now the first two text blocks up above I wrote last night, and sure enough, not long after I turned off my computer to get some sleep....the howling began. It sounded like an absolute party just behind me in our cow pasture.

Coyotes are smart, very smart. They seemed to have known that because the lights were off here in this little trailer by my parent's house, that it was time for them to play. I had half a mind to throw on some boots, and fly out the door with a spotlight to have a look at them, but they'd have vanished in an instant. Coyotes are the fastest moving canines in the whole Genus. They can run as fast as forty miles per hour, and they can leap as far as fourteen feet.

Compared to the average family dog, a coyote is some sort of super dog, certainly he is an Olympic athlete among mere pets.

Though it's true that I'm near to a large creek bottom land, the entire area that I've always lived in grows increasingly urban. I dislike this very very much, and wish half of these people would just go bankrupt and find somewhere else to go, leaving their homes to rot into the surrounding gloom. Nothing against them much, I just don't want them next to me and my coyotes. In this way the coyotes and I differ. The coyotes don't seem to much mind that there are more and more houses everywhere - they merely adapt and keep on being coyotes.

I'm told that there is a sizeable population of coyotes inside the city of Los Angeles. No doubt that every major US city featuring some place to hide in some bit of woods also has coyotes within it's limits.

I Do NOT Support Killing Coyotes - But there is also good information in this video

Canadian Folk Singer Killed By Coyotes

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Coyote Food

Some of the meals of coyotes are rather unpleasant. Especially notable is your small dog, coyotes will eat your small dog whenever it becomes available to them. I can't help but imagine that your cat would be preferable to a coyote, but I can't speak for coyotes. I used to keep cats, and I love cats; but I'm in a small trailer and me and the cat would need some space and alone time here and there. Years ago I lived in my parent's house which is next door. The parent's aren't much for cats inside of their home, and so we'd sometimes find cat heads, the heads of OUR cats in our yards.

I can only imagine that coyotes had ate the rest of our cats, as our dogs were pretty chummy with their feline co - pets here on the Shaw farm.

Coyotes are purely opportunistic eaters, and ninety percent of what they eat is meat; any meat, dead or living, is fine food for a coyote. Voles, mice, rats, rabbits, squirrels, deer, cats, dogs, bugs, lizards, snakes, and javelina (where available) are all coyote foods of choice, but coyotes do eat fruits and vegetables during the Fall and Winter.

Please do take care. Coyotes in hard times will become bold and attack a human fully intending to eat him. It's happened before, and will happen again. Most often coyotes attacking humans occur in cases of rabid coyotes - but hungry coyotes will do this as well. Joggers have reported being shadowed by coyotes, and someone who allows their toddler to play unattended in their yard in coyote territory is simply asking that their child be taken from them in a flash of teeth.

I feel like I'm sort of spreading fear here, but that is not my intention. I'm only trying to spread information. The fate of the lovely young folk singer/guitarist in the following video/link below was proved to have been at the hands of RABID coyotes. Coyote attacks are rare, but they do happen.

You shouldn't take this wrong, but if a coyote will eat you, and it's cousin, the dog - then you shouldn't be surprised to know that sometimes coyotes will eat coyote puppies as well.


Coyote and German Shepherd Mix

Coyote and German Shepherd Mix

Coyote and Blue Heeler Mix

Coyote and Blue Heeler Mix

Coyote and Australian Shepherd Mix

Coyote and Australian Shepherd Mix

The CoyWolf


Coydogs and Coyote / Wolf Relations

Not only will coyotes eat your dogs, coyotes will also breed with your dogs. Yes, I know, that's sort of strange. I think it's a matter of either being hungry or horny, and the coyotes live to live and damn the rest of it.

Wolves will also kill coyotes, but they do not eat them. Wolves are competing with coyotes for the same sorts of meals, and they dislike competition in the same way as did John D. Rockefeller, they view it as a sin. Wolves, however, will also breed with coyotes, and this is pretty common.

I recall having a conversation with one of my grandfathers once about coyotes, and my grandfather told me that coyotes here have a lot of timber wolf in them. That may well be true, but here in North Central Texas, it might be more true to say that a lot of the coyotes have red wolves genetic strains in them. Red Wolves are not Timber Wolves, as the term timber wolf refers to Grey Wolves.

Coydogs are thought to be most common in Texas and Oklahoma because the warm weather promotes a longer mating season for the coyotes. Coyotes are seasonal specific breeders while dogs will simply go at it year round.

Coywolfs are most often found in the North East, and in Maine, most the coyotes caught and studied were actually to some degree or another, Coywolves. A study in Maine of one hundred coyotes found that out of the one hundred, twenty two of the individuals studied were actually more wolf than coyote.

To further confuse things, a significant number of biologist believe that Red Wolves were really just coywolves from the beginning. So not only was my late grandfather possibly right about the coyotes and timber wolves, it could be that he was even speaking directly about the red wolves - which were surely much more prevalent during his younger years than they are now.

Suffice it to say, wolves, coyotes, and dogs can all interbreed, and not only can they, they do, they have, and they will again. I also think that it's not truly important for most persons to know whether what they've seen was a wolf, a red wolf, a coyote, a coydog, a coywolf, a grey wolf, or just a very grey looking German Shepherd. If it seems threatening to you, then get away from it, or throw some rocks at it. If it's not bothering you, then don't try to feed it, as it will only come back and want more easy meals, but please, don't shoot dogs, coyotes, or wolves or any combination of their genetic materials unless you are being threatened.

Please leave the foxes out of all of this, they aren't interested in the frolicking and debauchery of their cousins - very healthy mindset have the wise foxes!

Red Wolves - Suspected CoyWolves


Canis latrans - The Coyote, The Ultimate Native American Animal

Coyotes are the ultimate Native Americans. They are entirely symbolic of the great frontier, and their howl is ubiquitous in relation to thoughts of the wide open and wild places. It's a great testament to the amazing biological superiority of the Coyote that it's howl is now also synonymous to evening in the suburbs.

While wolves are known to be Eurasian in origination, the Coyote is entirely an American animal that developed side by side millions of years ago with the much larger Dire Wolf. Modern American wolves crossed the Bering Straight, same as did the ancient Mongols that became the Native American Indians.

Quite literally, the coyotes were here before we were, and will likely be here after we are all gone. You have to be a cockroach to be a life form more adaptable and successful than a coyote, and that, my friends, is debatable.

Speaking of Native Americans, the coyote is a HUGE part of native American Folklore..Almost universally in such Folklore of the Natives, the coyote is a trickster that even the Gods are fooled by. Little wonder that is, for he who is heard so frequently and so seldom seen.

An Arizona Coyote, By Ghost32

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2012 Wesman Todd Shaw


Randy Godwin from Southern Georgia on August 20, 2016:

Wesman, I did some research several years ago on New World dogs and wrote an article about them for another site. George Catlin--a wonderful artist you may be familiar with--spent some time among many Native American tribes and described their dogs as shaggy and barkless animals for the most part. The tribes preferred dogs from Europe and soon the animals became extinct for the most part. It is indeed an interesting subject.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on August 20, 2016:

Randy! That's pretty interesting. They used to eat Chihuahuas? I wish they still did. I think that is the only breed of dog that has ever bit me. It is practically impossible to make a friend out of one which isn't yours. I'm definitely not a Chihuahua fan.

I'm a much bigger fan of coyotes. And there was a man here nearby who raised 97%, or whatever the 'legal' limit was, wolves. He got harassed too much and moved to somewhere else.

I hope to live further away from towns than this again some day. My area has been built up over the past 20 years. And you don't hear the packs howling as much any more.

Randy Godwin from Southern Georgia on August 20, 2016:

Wesman, European wolves and New World wolves are different. The dogs descended from American wolves are mostly extinct now except for those of the Eskimo and of course, the Chihuahua which was bred as a delicacy for the Aztec nobles. These days, dogs from European wolves make up the majority of the pet population.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on August 20, 2016:

Thanks Jodah! The other day I read a thing where some 'scientist' was claiming that coyotes and all North American wolf species were exactly the same thing - originating from the same species of creature. But I very much doubted that assertion immediately because you look at Europe and Asia, they've got wolves, but nothing like a coyote.

There is definitely some debate in the biological community about it all. But one thing clear here in North America is that what we think of as a coyote is significantly larger than what we used to think of as a coyote.

Coyotes used to be some pretty small, and rather homely looking creatures. I still sometimes see ones which are small. But sometimes I see some animals which are very much larger. Oh, they're smaller than wolves, but much larger than the 20-30 pound animals that used to be common coyotes.

John Hansen from Gondwana Land on August 20, 2016:

Very interesting and enjoyable hub to read. I hadn't heard about coyotes interbreeding wirth wolves and dogs, but that is completely logical. They seem to be very similar in their habits etc to our Australian dingos, which also breed with dogs frequently..and have been known to eat small dogs, cats, sheep, calves and babies. There are no predators here of the dingo (apart from man) so it is at the top of the foodchain.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on January 05, 2016:

You are certainly entitled to your opinions, and mine go best with grains of salt! Kansas has the thickest coyote population in the US though.

boyikr on October 19, 2014:

I live in Nebraska and we have WAY TO MANY COYS! When you say that you shouldn't support killing Coyotes you are DOWNRIGHT WRONG! We have almost no predators of the Coyote (western and eastern alike) aside from humans. the ones that we do have that are non-human are usually just passing through! I had a Neighbor who had 3 cats and 2 dogs snatched by Coys. WE NEED TO BRING DOWN THE POPULATION IMMEDIATELY HERE! If you think I'm Cruel fine that's your opinion which you are entitled to.... but I have the entitlement to my opinion too! Good day to you sir!

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on January 23, 2014:

I've seen what was surely a wolf or a coywolf here in Texas as well. Creature was probably bigger than a German Shepherd. Most coyotes, of course, are pretty small. I did see one in the pasture behind my home just recently which was about collie sized, which is large for a coyote.

If I remember correctly Kansas has more coyotes per square mile than does any other state. I bet the sounds at night are terrific!

Andrea Cahalan on January 23, 2014:

I am not afraid of coyotes. We live in rural Olathe, Kansas and live in a home on a acre lot our neighbors behind our lot have a pond and deer come and go a lot there maybe that is why we see coyotes there. My Son and I have spotted Coyotes and her pups last spring I would like to know where her den is at just so we could look at her pups. I know it would take a pretty bold person to check it out but, they are so majestic and beautiful and we hope they get rid of our deer population we have it really bad with them. Can anyone tell me if the Coywolf maybe in the Kansas region I swear the Coyotes we have seen are huge and very Wolf like. Thanks great info by the way.

Spike Bite on December 19, 2013:

Prevent serious injury to your pet or yourself with Spike Bite Products. Spike Bite Pet vest and Neck/Leg/Arm Guards have embedded metal spikes to deter an attack from a predator such as coyotes this is a great product for humans, cats, dogs, horses.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on August 23, 2012:

Gamerelated - even though they sometimes sound like they are only feet from my window....I hardly see them where I live either!

They have such sensitive ears and noses....and can run like the wind, that once they are aware of you...they can be gone in a flash of fur if they decide to be!

Thanks very much!

Gamerelated from California on August 21, 2012:

I live in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. I haven never seen a coyote here in Los Angeles because I live in an urban area. However, I do hear of coyotes all of the time on the news because coyotes live in the richer areas where the celebrities live. I remember seeing on the news that a coyote killed Jessica Simpson's dog.

I have always been fascinated by coyotes because I saw on documentaries that they are some of the smartest animals on the planet. I've only seen a coyote once in my life and that is in the desert of 29 Palms California. Good work on this Hub.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on August 13, 2012:

Thanks very much, Diana!

Well, I think there will always be enough white tail deer, etc. Rabbits, squirrel, mice, or rats - things like that.

Florida is where there are problems - mostly due to Burmese Pythons that pet stores sold, that got released by owners when they got too big...and have bred like wildfire with not much in the way of creatures to stop them.

They even kill alligators somewhat coyotes in Florida are ....sorta stretched for food!

Diana L Pierce from Potter County, Pa. on August 13, 2012:

I have just blundered upon this hub. It is well written information. Coyotes are abundant here in the northern tier of Pennsylvania and the southern tier of New York. I live close to the state border. As I don't remember them being here as a child and I have lived here all my life even my neighbors as well as myself have believed the rumors of them being relocated here. It's not uncommon for any state to relocate wildlife to other states. A few years ago the packs seemed larger than they now, but we still see them here. I'm not for certain how they made their comeback, but it is disturbing to realize that predators are becoming more common than prey.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on July 18, 2012:

Thank you very much, Daisy!!!!!!!!!! Well that likely didn't end well for the coyote - but I've read recently about a pit bull that killed a mountain lion for getting too close to his family's human children, so who knows?

Thank you very much, Jellygator, hmmm....lawnmowers poisoning them? That sounds possible....but people clearing out land would also keep rabbits, raccoons, squirrels, etc off the land, and that would keep coyotes from having much to eat - so surely that played into it as well.

Coyotes these days are quite a lot larger than they once were. I think half of them have bred with lone wolves here and there - creating super coyotes!

jellygator from USA on July 18, 2012:

I grew up in the desert southwest, and loved going to sleep to the sound of coyotes' yips in summertime around Yucca Valley, California, whenever I spent time with my grandparents. I was heartbroken when I visited a few years later and didn't hear a single coyote all summer. My grandfather said that the landowners were poisoning them all.

I went back to Yucca Valley last summer and took a walk down the street to a wide open desert field. As I came to the end of the street, I saw the two biggest coyotes I've ever seen - easily German Shepherd sized - and like coyotes tend to do, they turned and ran.

I don't get why people don't find ways to repel them rather than killing them.

Daisy Mariposa from Orange County (Southern California) on July 18, 2012:


I came back to read your Hub a second time. I saw on the television news yesterday that there was a confrontation between a coyote and a mountain lion a few miles from my the southern part of Orange County, California.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on July 16, 2012:

Hey the raini1 !!!

Oh yes...I've seen some totally awful things on Facebook pages. There are "support the Montana wolf kill" pages, and then there was a hunting page that I liked until someone was showing off some coyotes they'd shot.

I reported that paged...killing animals that one doesn't intend to eat should be a crime in my book.

Glad to hear your community appreciates it all. :)

the raini1 on July 16, 2012:

I'm glad I live where most people have at least a highschool education, and enjoy wildlife. We love hearing coyotes in the evening. I live in a townhome complex, and many neighbors have cats that spend a lot of time outdoors. No one has had their cat taken or injured bt coyotes. I have while walking, seen scat with black and white fur in it. The coyote could have killed a skunk, or a cat or dog. I think my neighbors and I feel that they add something positive to the area, so we leave coyotes alone.. We have rabbits, and squirrels, but it is interesting that we aren't over run by them since our coyotes entered our lives!!!! If you want to see viscious, go to " Don't Fund the Wolf Masscre States " on Facebook. See what monsters coyote killers are. They let their dogs dig up dens and mangle coyote pups. These are the life forms we need to be afraid of!

Columba Smith from California on June 08, 2012:

Interesting! Here in California we hear coyotes several times a year. The weirdest encounter was when I was leaving the hospital after my son's appendectomy. It was dark, but I heard and saw a coyote in the parking lot! Very populated area.

Amethystraven from California on June 07, 2012:

Without a doubt they are. I have only used the synthetic lotions three times because of convenience. Now I bring my own that I make at home. It's organic coconut oil based and the wolves love that stuff. I get nothing but kisses after that. It's awesome :-)

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on June 07, 2012:

Hey I think it sound like they are giving you good advice???

Amethystraven from California on June 07, 2012:

Since perfumes and scents are being mentioned, I often wear peppermint essential oil in my hair. I occasionally wear patchouli oil too. I know some of the properties of these essential oils, but have not learned the effects of them on wild creatures. So far while volunteering at Wolf Mountain Sanctuary I have had not issues. The wolves all seem to have a positive reaction towards me. The only time I have ever had the wolves snort at me is when I would use a synthetic based lotion on my hands after washing them. This goes for sunscreen too. They don't like it when I wear synthetic based products. They all snort at me and seem to look at me with a how dare you expression in their eyes. It's funny for me.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on June 07, 2012:

Hey Sue, when I lived in Seaside I saw a coyote walking down the sidewalk in broad daylight one day!!!

Yes do!!!! I bet that was awfully exciting!!

Sustainable Sue from Altadena CA, USA on June 07, 2012:

One of my brothers had a coydog a long time ago. It was a mix of coyote and german sheppard - a really sweet dog. Now I live in Pasadena CA near the foothills, but never hear coyotes because of the traffic. However, my friends who live closer say they've seen them coming down the canyons.

I love wild animals. As soon as I have time, I'm going to write a hub about those I saw in Africa as a Peace Corps volunteer.

Debra Allen from West By God on May 28, 2012:

Ok I understand. Yes the chemistry does change with the addition of other chemicals. I watch Animal Planet lots and see how people get killed by animals. Then again we are encroaching on their space many times. They were here first and it is their right. If we take we should give back, but that isn't always the case.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on May 28, 2012:

Lady G, I bet you have coyotes - but what I mean is that there have been cases of dogs, etc killing women that were taking steroids, or steroid like drugs...legally or illegally. Those kinds of drugs do something to change how women smell to canines, it can confuse them and cause them to think such a person is either prey or a threat. I'm not certain why, but I've read about the same kind of thing happening a few times - but none of those cases involved coyotes.

Debra Allen from West By God on May 28, 2012:

I don't know if we have coyotes here. When I am planning to go outside I don't wear any perfumes and try to use unscented deodorant. We live in a forested area and we do have other creatures and bugs that attack perfumed things.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on May 28, 2012:

Nightsun - also certain hormones or drugs cause a person to put out some confusing scents. So far as I know, the case in Alaska is the only verified non rabid wolf attack on a person in North American documented history

nightsun from northern california on May 27, 2012:

it was, I would think for the same reasons a grizzly would attack, or a moose...They don't hunt for joy as we do. But if they are starving, they'll eat anything, and they'll proctect their young..I just hate for people to develop a fear...I've stood within feet of these beautiful creatures and had No problems. It was an accident I was so close. Out in the woods, and there he was...

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on May 24, 2012:

Amethystraven - Thanks!!

No doubt here that you are correct - same scenario was once true with wolves.

I agree with you on all points, but cattle ranchers are themselves cattle of sorts :/

Amethystraven from California on May 24, 2012:

This is an awesome hub! These creatures are a great teacher of survival to humans if we are ever in the wild. I've read that natives all across the planet have befriended these resilient creatures to learn and follow their techniques for hunting. I've read that humans would keep the adults fed in order to gain their trust. After trust is gained, they were able to get pups from the dens and raise them as their companions and protectors. There was a beautiful co-existence between humans, wolves, and coyotes for food and protection. Killing them off is not beneficial. It's rather greedy and selfish.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on May 23, 2012:

Thanks Lady G!!!

I think they must either be more clever than wolves - or just too small to take down cattle very often.

Debra Allen from West By God on May 23, 2012:

This is a great article. They are so beautiful and yet cunning. They need to be to survive. They are needed in the scheme of things as a predator to keep other populations in check as do most animals of this world. Great Article, voted up interesting and beautiful, and shared.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on May 23, 2012:

Hi Melbourne - if you breed one with a dog it "might" produce a lovable pet!

Melbourne31 from Ogden, Utah on May 23, 2012:

Hi there! I love coyotes. I wonder if I could have one as my pet. =)

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on May 22, 2012:

Suhail - that is sad, even worse is I doubt coyotes are relocated often at all by humans. :(

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on May 22, 2012:

Nightsun - a wolf pack killed a woman in Alaska not too long ago, they weren't rabid - and its not clear why it happened.

I didn't believe it at first...but the reports were convincing.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on May 22, 2012:

Zac - very cool!!1 Of course where I live that happens often - but there aren't any ally ways around here :)

Suhail Zubaid aka Clark Kent from Mississauga, ON on May 22, 2012:

My colleague and I were witness to the biggest joy and sorrow of our lives (2008). She and I discovered from our office balcony this coyote pair raising their pups by the bush in the huge meadow right in front of our suburban office building. Soon we informed other colleagues and every single day there would be a bunch of us taking pictures from our office balcony.

One morning, I drove into my office premises only to find my colleague standing by the roadside observing something. I got off to find to my horror a speeding vehicle had killed one of the pair. We never saw the other one and its pups ever again. Perhaps the surviving member relocated or may be the humane society or some wildlife rescue team took them away.

nightsun from northern california on May 21, 2012:

wolves do not hunt for fun, sport...they live by instinct. they might kill more then needed but you can be assured they'll return for seconds..Animals live on instinct. The only "animals" that kill for sport is human. coyotes are much more afraid of people, then we are of them...Yes, raised in the woods...

ZacLegoManiac from New York, NY on May 21, 2012:

When I lived in Los Angeles, I had a surreal experience when I rounded a corner in my Westwood neighborhood just as a coyote was rounding the corner from the opposite direction. We both just stood and regarded one another for a few seconds before turning around and padding back the way we came. Thanks for the article!

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on May 20, 2012:

Suhail - THANK YOU!!!!!!!!!!!!


Suhail Zubaid aka Clark Kent from Mississauga, ON on May 20, 2012:

I read this hub once again and enjoyed it even more. What a beautiful animal a coyote is.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on May 20, 2012:

Angela - its kinda funny NOW!

Angela Brummer from Lincoln, Nebraska on May 20, 2012:

LOL.... If your not joking that is funny! LOL again!

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on May 20, 2012:

Thanks Peg Cole!!!

Yes, I stopped having cats myself, we can't keep the coyotes away.

Peg Cole from North Dallas, Texas on May 20, 2012:

We hear the coyotes out here in North Texas. They sing with the dogs whenever a train rolls through. It is an eerie and lonely sound. One got my neighbor's cat. Poor Butkis was getting old and slow but he didn't deserve that end. I learned a lot from your hub.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on May 19, 2012:

Angela, are you certain those aren't mountain lions???

Totally honest - I had to be hospitalized over the late night screaming women sounds that nobody ever heard but me.

There are two ancient farm houses in the distance, and I was certain it was either ghosts, or women being murdered....bad times!

LOL! I can laugh about that now :/

Angela Brummer from Lincoln, Nebraska on May 19, 2012:

Great article. I have had some Coyotes come right up and lay down next to the house and lick their lips at my little dogs. Yikes! What has terrified me at night would be peacocks... they sound like a woman yelling, help me!!!!

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on May 18, 2012:

THANK YOU RHONDA!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

No, I believe all of that!!! I sometimes hear cougars scream at night, and it is absolutely TERRIFYING!!

rhondaweiganddobson on May 18, 2012:

cornell has been releasing gray wolves ,black panthers,lynx,COUGARS,rattle snakes,bred species bees that eat tent catapillar larva...and other things.they release many gray wolves about 50 min. drive from my house in a less populated area named connetica hill. since they have been releasing the wolves the cyotes have been pushed out of that territory.I think that is the reason there is sooo many cyotes around friend from candor had wolf packs around his house.he claimed he was friends with them and often sat in the woods and watched them.Another person that I know claims he sat in the woods and watched a pair of wolves,one white and one black.another person i know owned wolves and he felt they were not happy so he let them free in enfield n.y.all these people live within 30 miles from my probably shouldn't put this one on the hub because no one will believe that there is a pair of black panthers living in a cove in cascadilla creek less than a mile from the town of Ithaca and if they do believe it they will start shooting .i think mabey they were already shot ,someone i know saw them and they live one block from south hill elementary school. you may not even believe any of this stuff and are probably wearing hip or chest waiters while reading nothing that cornell did has helped our over population of wild deer. there is always articles in the Ithaca journal about..what are we going to do around cayuga hights about the deer overpopulation.a lady i met in candor said her daughter,age 9,had an animail friend visit her often in their backyard...the mom thought the girl had an imagionary day the mom saw the animal,it was a cougar with a red tracking tag on it! plz don,t put this on the hub because people will think i am crazy . i just want to give you a little info on what is going on around Ithaca N.Y. I really enjoy reading this hub that you has inspired me to do more researches on daughter loves wolves and does NOT think a wolf could ever hurt a human.her trust in wolvs makes me nervous.plz keep your hubs going.i am so fasinated in reading your pages.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on May 18, 2012:

Thanks Suhail, I tend to agree about Red Wolves, but there are some biologists that have differing opinions about it - evolutionary biology is most often like that!!

I'm in Texas, and all over the South we have a feral hog epidemic - gray wolves sure would help!!!

Suhail Zubaid aka Clark Kent from Mississauga, ON on May 18, 2012:

A great hub on an animal that also prowls for deer fawns in my neighbourhood. Coyotes have been taking small dogs and cats in urban Toronto. Things are not that bad in my city though.

Just one additional bit that you would like to comment upon is that mtDNA studies have shown that Red Wolf is nothing but a glorified Coyote. It has up to 72% eastern coyotes' DNA.

Eastern coyotes are relatively bigger in size than their western counterparts and are able to form temporary packs. Southern Ontario farms are known to get raided by coyote packs. Part of the pack engages livestock guardian dogs on the farm, while the rest goes to work on stealing animals.

Coyotes are good for environment. In their absence, cats flourish that prowl at night killing our song birds. However, it is lack of wolves in eastern USA and Canada that has led to deer population explosion that has led to denuding of our green areas.

This is an awesome hub. Voted up.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on May 18, 2012:

Thank you very much, Sir!!!

I do more learning than writing on these things! :)

EduRules from Tampa, FL on May 18, 2012:

Man, this is fantastic. Very well done piece on the coyote I learned a few things, especially regarding the interbreeding between wolves.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on May 17, 2012:

I used to howl with my dogs!!!!!!!!!

I kinda love those coyotes and wolves - but be safe Rhonda!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

rhondadobsonweigand on May 17, 2012:

Wesman,last fall I was relaxing in my motorhome that is 20 feet from my house door after putting my pet rabit inside for the night. I heard loud howling that sounded like a wolf so i looked out the window and there was something that looked like a wolf .It was sitting in front of the door to the house with it's nose pointing up to the sky.It just kept howling until other simular howels responded from afar and then it ran off. For two hours I stayed in there.I don't mind when I hear noises like that when it is not sitting right there.I know this sounds silly but now.I go out at night and howel.They howel back.The last time I howeled with them they sounded like there were a lot of them in a circle around me of a radius of a half of a mile they kept crying on and on until it sounded like one long howel.After a bit it was like a ringing noise that I have experienced when someone rubs their finger around the top of a crystal glass and a magical humming makes me feel like I am the only person on earth,it is more of a feeling rather than a sound.Other times I hear yipping and yipin and hardly any howeling...but if they ever get close I will be inside with the bunny! in Danby N,Y. close to Ithaca ,NO GOING FOR WALKS ALONE...EVERYONE MUST HAVE A STICK .company gets told the rules.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on May 17, 2012:

Rhonda up around your way "coyotes" are more mixed with gray wolf than they are here in Texas...and that size, it could have been all wolf!

rhondadobsonweigand on May 17, 2012:

my dad dragged a dead cyote out of 96b thismorning...however,it was somewhat larger than i thought one would be!...upstate N.Y. only a mile from our house.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on May 17, 2012:


I don't doubt that, Rhonda!!!!! Where is "here???"

rhondadobsonweigand on May 17, 2012:

the hogs are here too!

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on February 21, 2012:

sgbrown - the wild hogs are a real problem!!!!!!!!!!!!

I mean, they are everywhere in the South now. No, I've not seen one myself, but the SIZE of those things is terrifying!!!!

You'd need one big gun if you walked into a pack of those buggers!

Sheila Brown from Southern Oklahoma on February 21, 2012:

Well Wesman, just between you and me and HubPages, I take a gun with me when I walk in the woods. Between coyotes, wild hogs and crazy people, I would rather be safe than sorry! :)

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on February 21, 2012:

sgbrown -they certainly work together and make a powerful team!!!! I think most coyotes have superior senses in every way to dogs, and they have to in order to survive!!!

If you're out in the country, then a little shotgun blast here and there will let them know it's a bad place to wouldn't have to shoot one either, just a shot in the air.

Sheila Brown from Southern Oklahoma on February 20, 2012:

We live in the country in Southern Oklahoma. I see coyotes about 2 or 3 times a month. I am not afraid of just 1, but more than 1, is a pack as far as I am concerned! I had to run one off a few weeks ago as it was about to jump on my dog, from behind. Sneaky coyote! I love to sit outside at night and listen to them! Wonderful hub, very interesting and well composed! Voted up and interesting. Great job! Sharing this to my blog too! :)

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on January 19, 2012:

Thanks very much, Eddy. I really like doing these hubs about animals because I never fail to learn a few things while researching them!

It's a total win/win thing for me!!!

Eiddwen from Wales on January 19, 2012:

What an amazing hub;I love anything to do with nature;animals etc and this one was a treat.

Thanks for sharing;take care and enjoy the rest of your day.


Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on January 17, 2012:

The black tip tail is a definite coyote marker; but the rest of the colouring, etc.....and the size of the animal just doesn't add up to coyote for me.

I'm pretty sure that one was in an area where it was given hand outs, and had lost it's natural fear of humans.

When I first saw that thing I showed it to another friend of mine who insisted that that was more wolf than coyote...but the uploader begged to differ with me, and If anything....I'm as close to sure that it's a hybrid as anything else.

I'm still VERY open to opinions of persons more knowledgeable than I am.

Alexander Silvius from Portland, Oregon on January 17, 2012:

I should have known you saw that one already :-) I should have realized it might be a mix, but the face and legs and tail were to me at least, completely coyote. But that gray fur on the body really gives it a unique coloring. It's slightly larger than an average coyote isn't it?

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on January 17, 2012:

Thank you very much, BobbiRant !!!!

At least with the coyotes we don't have to worry about their numbers or conservation!!!

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on January 17, 2012:

Hey Alexander Mark - I'm VERY familiar with that video!!!!

If you read the comments on that thing, then I'm on there somewhere telling the uploader that I do not think that that is a coyote - but a Grey Wolf.

Truly, it's probably one of those hybrids that is mostly wolf. I didn't use that video here because I personally don't think that that is a coyote, or "enough" coyote to use as an example of a coyote.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on January 17, 2012:

Thanks onegoodwoman !!!

I'd probably be terrified were I to ever see an alligator in the wild....and there is a local rumour that there's been alligators in the local city lake.

I do not doubt that at all either. If I see one, I hope it's at a safe distance!

Luckily for us in Texas and Louisiana - there's no crocodiles here!

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on January 17, 2012:

Thank you Sue Swan! Yes, if you see one or two that aren't afraid of you when you're out and about....then you should certainly move quickly.

I find a lot of times that an aggressive dog of any kind can be turned away with a few well thrown rocks....but then again I can throw rocks pretty dang hard.

I'd think that mace would work - but I've no experience with that outside of police thinking that I should inhale a few pounds of it.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on January 17, 2012:

AliciaC - THANK YOU!

I don't doubt that for even a second. I'd imagine the coyotes could well smell the situation, and knew that they could probably take advantage of it. Smart move on your part!

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on January 17, 2012:

Thank you very much, cmp2417!!!!

WOW! The D.C. area is PACKED! It's been a lot of years since I've been to D.C., and surely I don't know the area much at all, but gosh it seemed crowded up there.

If coyotes can make it around D.C. - there's just no stopping those critters!

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on January 17, 2012:

Thank you very much Angela Blair!!!!!

I TRULY hate the "urban sprawl" thing we see going on. I like it in the country, and I wish half these people around here would move back to Dallas or one of the immediate Dallas and Fort Worth Metroplex suburbs....where they all came from.

None of my family came here from I somehow think I can say that, LOL!

I can't see me ever having the money to have a home built, and damn if that ain't just fine with me. I think I'd rather live in a small trailer deep in the sticks than be one of those urban sprawler folks.

BobbiRant from New York on January 17, 2012:

Awwwwwwwwww! Humans infringe on their territory and natural habitats and call them 'intruders' or 'pests'. Great learning hub. Enjoyed it very much.

Alexander Silvius from Portland, Oregon on January 16, 2012:

I remember used to read a lot about wolves and the more southern red wolf always didn't look as "wolf-like" to me. I can easily believe they are a cross between grey and coyote at some point in American history and continued as their own breed.

I just watched a video of a guy in BC who was playing with a beautiful coyote who was either playing with him back, confused or actually testing him as possible prey. It was beautiful and incredibly unafraid of the human.

The man with the camera swears a lot and it's a little annoying to watch the way he toys with the animal, but here it is if you want to see it: .

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on January 16, 2012:

Thank you very, very much, poetvix!!!!!

There's just too many puppies on the Kennel Earth. I'd blame the people of India and China - but we've got tons of folks here having children that they can not support, and are too immature to it's a global problem.

Also, there is the problem of pollution, and that's OUR problem. The US military is the world's single biggest polluter.....and what the military is being used for, of course, is totally unethical and sold to us, the public, in a completely fraudulent way.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on January 16, 2012:


That, Sir, is a great bit of analogy!

I'm told that the Grey wolves really aren't much for breeding with coyotes even when there is a very small grey wolf population and a much larger coyote population, but it does happen.

The very very rare Eastern Red Wolves....are debatable as to whether or not they are a species of independent wolves, or something that developed from coywolves a long time ago.

The Red Wolves are closer in size to coyotes, and will breed with them much more readily than will the grey wolves.

onegoodwoman from A small southern town on January 15, 2012:

Wild animals can be very, very viscious.

They can, within seconds, destroy pets, livestock, and God help us all, even our own children.

I spent several months on the banks of the Atchafayla River, in southern Louisiana..........I would not leave my large dog, outside, for fear that an alligator would eat him!

Having said all of is MOST importanat to remember, it is we, the humans, who have invavded their territory, and without due intention, we have left them little means of survival.

Yes, I would kill an animal who was ripping apart the family fact, I have done such a very thing. It haunts me...............years later.

A deer or a squirrel eating my corn............hey, even the creatures have to eat.

I leave food for the birds, the squirrels, the deer.......or whatever may eat corn or seed.

But if, I were dependent upon raising livestock, I might not have so much sympathy for the wolves.............few people realize how Massive and destructive they are.

A wolf,( to my knowledge ) is the only animal, other than man, that " hunts " for pleasure as well as survival. This hunting for pleasure is what many Northwestern ranchers and farmers deal with.

Where ever your passions or your livelihood takes you.......the animals were here first. We are the encroachers.

Sueswan on January 15, 2012:

Hi Wes

I certainly wouldn't want to meet up with a coyote.

Voted up and awesome.

Linda Crampton from British Columbia, Canada on January 14, 2012:

This is a very interesting - and informative - hub! I live at the edge of a city near undeveloped forest and often see coyotes on my walks. They are confident animals but don't bother me. However, I always remember when I was taking one of my dogs for a slow walk in a local park when she was old and had arthritis. One coyote emerged from the bush, sized up the situation and then went back into the bush to collect his or her companion. Then they both came out to trail us. We headed straight back to the car as fast as we could!

cmp2417 from Virginia on January 14, 2012:

Cool article, I saw them all the time growing up. I now live in a very urban area right outside of Washington, D.C., I've seen deer, fox's, etc. I was surprised to see them all in the city. Like two weeks ago, driving at like 2am I saw a coyote!! Unbelievable, these guys can make a living anywhere.

50 Caliber from Arizona on January 14, 2012:

Wesman, Javalina is definitely for dinner, viscous little peckerwoods. It's not so much I don't like coyotes as it is I like my animals better and in order to co-exist I just gotta keep them at bay sorta like the hogs in Texas.


Angela Blair from Central Texas on January 13, 2012:

Great Hub and marvelous information. We have quite a coyote population in central Texas, where I live and it's hard to understand why there's still some folks confused about them after all these years they've lived among us. Yes, they're extremely clever and to be admired for their instinct and hunting capabilities. I've always been a coyote fan even after having lost some more domestic critters to them. I feel sorry for them as their habitat shrinks and they find themselves suddenly surrounded by housing developments, etc. Again, super Hub and voted Up. Best, Sis

poetvix from Gone from Texas but still in the south. Surrounded by God's country. on January 13, 2012:

It's so sad that humanity is robbing nature's creatures of their homes and food. Worse yet, when they come onto what should rightfully be theirs they get shot. I can understand killing an animal in self defense having grown up in the sticks. I have had my own dogs kill many a cottonmouth. But I don't have the heart to hurt a dog of any kind be it purebred, wild, coyote, wolf or otherwise. My dogs are family. To me the wild ones are just cousins I haven't been introduced to yet.

You did a great job here. It's personal and pulled me in while educating me at the same time. You are a darn fine teacher, Todd! It's not easy to make something informative be entertaining too. Bravo!

Alexander Silvius from Portland, Oregon on January 13, 2012:

I am truly amazed that coyotes and wolves interbreed so easily. And the fact that coyotes randomly mate with dogs is wacky - the way they rape and pillage, coyotes must be the Vikings of the animal kingdom.

I once heard a large pack howling and yapping outside my bedroom window at my brother's place in the foothills, and it was loud! I loved it though.

They ARE very adaptable, they love airports. I once saw one trotting alongside the wingtip of a 737 I was in as we taxied along. It was an old, ragged looking thing, and I was in awe as I observed in my field of a vision the turbine intake and the old coyote casually trotting alongside it, perfectly at ease. The primitive and advanced, side by side.

I am bookmarking this hub for future reference - I will be writing about various canine species and the idea of interspecies breeding has me fascinated.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on January 13, 2012:

Dusty, are you saying that Javalina aren't edible???

Those suckers look like BACON and HAM to me!!!!!!

Oh we can't have coyotes chasing after the paper boys!!! Nope. I'd shoot them here if I ever hear of them actually attacking or menacing someone.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on January 13, 2012:

Thanks very much, christopheranton!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Maybe some day someone will see some of this and hire me or give me some projects to write on for pay. But until then, I enjoy doing this enough right here - but I am rather impoverished outside of the charity of my family.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on January 13, 2012:

Thank you very much, Pamela Kinnaird W!!!

I truly doubt that unless there was just an abundance of food.

Coyotes will often kill foxes for the same reasons that wolves will kill coyotes - obviously foxes aren't competing for deer or anything, but coyotes don't care for the foxes eating their mice and rabbits.

That said, there are photos in the wild of foxes and coyotes eating right next to each other too, and the only reason known for why that could happen is that the coyotes didn't feel as though food were scarce - so I assume that it could happen with dogs too.

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on January 13, 2012:

Thanks very much, Daisy Mariposa!!!!

For a few months I lived in Seaside near Monterrey, and right at the old Fort Ord.

One day I saw a coyote walking on a sidewalk behind a woman pushing a baby stroller.

Easily one of the wildest things I've ever seen!

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on January 13, 2012:

Thanks very much AdvocaSaving Dogs!!!!!!!!!!

I can't really figure out how it is that coyotes out do wolves. It's not like someone setting out to kill wolves would often know the difference and NOT shoot a coyote.

What do coyotes have going for them that wolves do not have?

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on January 13, 2012:

Thanks very much Ms. Anne, I can't help but wonder if you're hearing the same coyotes....seeing as how you live ten yards from me, in my Mother's house. :-/

Wesman Todd Shaw (author) from Kaufman, Texas on January 13, 2012:

Thanks very much, Susan!!!!

That's a VERY GOOD Link!!! Also looks like someone's got it monetized to the max, LOL! A fellow webmarketer!

50 Caliber from Arizona on January 13, 2012:

Wesman, I voted you up big here, you have provided an damn good hub, it's laid out ala pro style, you've used some great catch phrases in it that caught my mind.

All that said, I kill hell out of them every year and I never get ahead. I remember the 25 dollar bounties for a set of ears and seen weeks I made more money than my Pa did digging copper. Pinal county wanted them to a manageable level, new little towns and coyotes and Javalina running the streets chasing the paper boys on their routes. They weren't worth nothing but not bad eating. Problem now the coy take up domestic breeding and drop 6 to8 conservatively speaking and up out of town herds that get in the way form. Then you just gotta thin them down and 6 months later they're back in force.


Christopher Antony Meade from Gillingham Kent. United Kingdom on January 12, 2012:

You should write wildlife guides for a living Wesman. Your style of writing is always so engaging, and your detail is so impressive. I really look forward to your animal hubs.

Voted up.

Pamela Dapples from Arizona. on January 12, 2012:

I didn't know coyotes and dogs can mate. Your article is very interesting and contains a lot of information that is news to me. Great photos! The animals in the photo titled Red Wolves are beautiful.

My daughter in Arizona rescued a purebred Boxer which was very timid. He had valley fever and was in bad shape. It took my daughter several months to catch the Boxer (whom they now call Hansen.) They think the coyotes across the street in the desert must have been letting Hansen eat from their kills. Otherwise logic says Hansen should have died from starvation. Any thoughts on whether coyotes would allow a dog amongst them?

Daisy Mariposa from Orange County (Southern California) on January 12, 2012:

Thanks for publishing this Hub. I enjoy reading articles from which I can learn something. I had a fair amount of knowledge about coyotes, but I had never heard of the mixed breeds.

I live in Orange County, California, in a suburban area that still has a lot of open space. I've seen coyotes at dawn and at dusk, heard them howl, heard the cries of a neighbor's dog or cat...

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