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The 20 Military Working Dog Breeds

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I like to share information about wildlife, animals, and pets—dogs in particular.

Military Dog

Military Dog

Dogs have been the most devoted friends of humans since ancient times, and they have been trusted companion in tasks such as hunting, protection, watchdog and other tasks. Dogs have been helpful to the armies even in times of war, military working dogs were used as messengers, to detect explosive and mines or enemy locations, and to locate wounded soldiers, sentries and therapy jobs.

In this article, you can know about 20 such dog breeds, which are used by the army and military of different countries in selected works.

Airedale Terrier ( Military dog )

Airedale Terrier ( Military dog )

1. Airedale Terrier

The Airedale Terrier, is medium to large sized dog of Terrier category of dogs, native to England. Also known as also Bingley Terrier and Waterside Terrier, its largest sized dog breed of terrier category and also known as "King of Terriers". Airedale Terriers were first used in during World War, by the Red Cross as a sniffer dog to sniff out wounded soldiers.

  • Origin : United Kingdom
  • Height : 21 to 23 Inches
  • Weight : 50 to 70 Pounds
  • Life Expectancy : 12 to 14 Years
  • Military : British military
Alaskan Malamute

Alaskan Malamute

2. Alaskan Malamute

The Alaskan Malamute was bred to haul heavy freight over long distances, the Alaskan Malamute is a big and powerful dog, weighing up to 45 kg. Despite its strength, the breed is very friendly. The Malamute is a very intelligent and loyal dog, but because it was bred to survive in harsh conditions, it is also incredibly resourceful and independent. Alaskan Malamutes were used as sled dogs by the U.S. military during World War II, to perform search and rescue capacity. It was the first military dog breed, which were trained to parachute.

  • Origin : United Kingdom
  • Height : 23-25 inches
  • Weight : 75 - 85 pounds
  • Life Expectancy : 10 to 14 Years
  • Military : U.S military, Russian Army
Australian Cattle Dog

Australian Cattle Dog

3. Australian Cattle Dog

The Australian Cattle Dog, is a medium-sized, short-coated, herding dog breed, native to Australia. It's an energetic, alert, intelligent, watchful and courageous dog that was developed for cattle over long distances across rough terrain. The Australian Cattle Dog, was used as a military dog in mascot for the 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment.

  • Origin : Australia
  • Height : 17 to 20 inches
  • Weight : 30 to 50 pounds
  • Life Expectancy : 12 to 14 Years
  • Military : Royal Australian Regiment
Belgian Malinois

Belgian Malinois

4. Belgian Malinois

Belgian Malinois originates from Belgium and are also known as the Belgian sheepdog or Chien de Berger Belge). These medium to large-sized herding dogs are very intelligent and quick learners. They are strong and energetic dogs and do well in tracking, obedience and search operations. These qualities make them excellent military dogs. Belgian Malinois are one of the most preferred military working dog, all the US Marine, SEAL dogs are trained parachutists.

  • Origin : Belgium
  • Height : 22 to 26 inches
  • Weight : 40 to 75 pounds (18 to 34 kilograms)
  • Life Expectancy :
  • Military : U.S. Military (Navy SEALS), Indian Army (counter-terrorism unit), People's Liberation Army (PLA) of China
Black Russian Terrier (Russian Black Terrier, the Pearl of Russia, the Tchiorny Terrier, the BRT or simply as the Blackie)

Black Russian Terrier (Russian Black Terrier, the Pearl of Russia, the Tchiorny Terrier, the BRT or simply as the Blackie)

5. Black Russian Terrier

The Black Russian Terriers are large sized working dog, native to USSR, also known as the Chornyi Terrier, BRT or simply as the Blackie. BRT was developed in USSR in Red Star Kennel during the late 1940s and the early 1950s, for use as military working dogs. The Black Russian Terriers are an intelligent, gentle, and affectionate dog, which are available only in black color.

  • Origin : USSR (Russia)
  • Height : 64 to 72 Cm
  • Weight : 36 to 68 Kg
  • Life Expectancy : 10 to 11 years
  • Military : Canadian Army, Russian military (Soviet Union's national security force)
Border Collie (Colombian Air Force)

Border Collie (Colombian Air Force)

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6. Border Collie

The Border Collie is a medium-sized, working and herding dog breed, native to Australia, which was developed to herd livestock, specifically sheep. The Border Collie is a highly intelligent, extremely energetic, and athletic dog breed that is considered, one among the smartest dog breed. Border Collies dogs were used by the British Army, during world war I, to carry messages, locate wounded soldiers, and alert their handlers to the presence of the enemy.

  • Origin : Anglo-Scottish border region
  • Height : 46 to 56 cm.
  • Weight : 12 to 20 Kg
  • Life Expectancy : 11 to 17 years
  • Military : British Army
Bloodhound

Bloodhound

7. Bloodhound

The Bloodhound is a large sized, scent hound dog, native to Europe (England, France, Belgium). It was developed in France to hunt deer, wild boar and also known as Leo chien de Saint-Hubert. The bloodhound is a strong boned, powerful, sturdy dog with long droopy ears and wrinkled skin. The bloodhounds were used by U.S military to sniff out enemy soldiers as well as narcotics and weapons stockpiles.

  • Origin : Europe (France)
  • Height : 23 to 27 inches, up to 32 inches
  • Weight : Average 80 to 100 pounds (36 to 45 kilograms)
  • Life Expectancy : 7 to 10 years
  • Military : U.S. Army
Boxer

Boxer

8. Boxer

The boxer is a medium to large sized, working dog, native to Germany. This is an active, muscular, powerful, courageous, and devoted dog, which is available in fawn, brindled, or white, with or without white markings, with short and smooth coated. The boxer was among the first dogs used for military service, during WWI.Boxer were used by German and American forces, to work as a messenger dog, pack -carrier, attack dog, and guard dog.

  • Origin : Germany
  • Height : 21.5 to 25.0 inches
  • Weight : 55.0 to 70 pounds
  • Life Expectancy : 10 – 12 years
  • Military : German military, U.S. military (Working Dog at posts)
Bulldog

Bulldog

9. Bulldog

The American Bulldog is a medium to large sized dog, native to the USA. Its a powerful, sturdy, muscular build, healthy dog breed, which was developed as a working dog to catch cattle and for guarding property. The American Bulldog is developed from old English Bulldog, which has a large head, strong jaws with cropped ears. The American Bulldogs are used as a military dog by, United States Marine Corps to recover injured members.

  • Origin : England (Developed in USA)
  • Height : 20 to 28 inches
  • Weight : 60 to 120 pounds
  • Life Expectancy : 10 – 15 years
  • Military : U.S. military
Doberman Pinscher

Doberman Pinscher

10. Doberman Pinscher

Doberman Pinscher dogs are powerful, fearless and intelligent. They're one of the most respected breeds for police and military work, after the German Shepherd. They are an active, alert, loyal and obedient companions that make good family pets, and their dedication to their owners is unmatched. These qualities make them one of the most in-demand breeds for police and military.

  • Origin : Germany
  • Height : 24 to 28 Inches
  • Weight : 60 to 100 Pounds
  • Life Expectancy : 11 to 13 years
  • Military : German military, U.S. military, and Indian army
Dutch Shepherd

Dutch Shepherd

11. Dutch Shepherd

The Dutch Shepherd is a medium sized, herding dog, native of Dutch origin. Dutch Shepherd dogs are an intelligent, highly trainable and versatile dog, which were developed were developed for farm work and sheep herding. Dutch Shepherds are popular military working dogs, which were used by the German army during World War II.

  • Origin : Netherlands
  • Height : 21 to 25 inches
  • Weight : 50–70 pounds (23–32 kg)
  • Life Expectancy : 11 to 14 years
  • Military : German military
German Shepherd

German Shepherd

12. German Shepherd

The German Shepherd is one of the world's most recognized and popular breeds. The breed is known as Alsatian in Great Britain and parts of Europe. They are intelligent working dogs and their devotion, courage, and intelligence are unmatched. German Shepherds are very strong and energetic dogs. German Shepherds are excellent herders, search and rescue dogs, and drug detectors, which are among the best police and military service dogs.

  • Origin : Germany
  • Height : 24 to 26 inches (55 to 65 cm)
  • Weight : 22 to 40 kg
  • Life Expectancy : 9 to13 years
  • Military : British Army, German military
German shorthaired pointer

German shorthaired pointer

13. German shorthaired pointer

The German Shorthaired Pointer is a medium-large sized, pointing dog, native to Germany that was developed in the 19th century for hunting. It's an excellent hunter that has powerful, slender body, strong legs, excellent stamina and speed and suitable for both land and water. The German Shorthaired Pointer was the first dog in British military history, they were used to detect electronic communication equipment, vehicles and packages for explosives upon entry to the base.

  • Origin : Germany
  • Height : 21 to 25 inches
  • Weight : 45 to 70 pounds
  • Life Expectancy : 9 to13 years
  • Military : British Army
Giant Schnauzer

Giant Schnauzer

14. Giant Schnauzer

The Giant Schnauzer is a large sized dog, native to Germany, Schnauzer is available in three varieties based on their size, the Giant Schnauzer, Standard Schnauzer and the Miniature Schnauzer. The Giant schnauzers are intelligent, active, Strong Willed, Dominant dogs, which were used by the U.S. Air Force as military working dogs in World War II and German army used them to work as sentry and tracking dogs.

  • Origin : Germany
  • Height : 60 to 70 cm
  • Weight : 25 to 48 pounds
  • Life Expectancy : 10 to 12 years
  • Military : German army (Sentry and tracking dogs), U. S. Air Force
Irish Terrier

Irish Terrier

15. Irish Terrier

The Irish Terrier is a medium sized dog, from the terrier category of dogs, native to Ireland. It's an intelligent, lively, dominant, protective dog, which is considered to be the one of the oldest terrier breeds. Irish Terrier was also known as British War Dogs, who were used by British military during WW II, to carry messages between the trenches and back to command headquarters.

  • Origin : Ireland
  • Height : 18 to 20 inches
  • Weight : 11 to 12 kg (25–27 lb)
  • Life Expectancy : 13 to 15 Inches
  • Military : British military
Labrador Retriever

Labrador Retriever

16. Labrador Retriever

The Labrador retrievers are medium-sized, retriever dogs from the gun dog group, native to the Canadian province of Newfoundland, also known Labrador, Lab. They are an intelligent, friendly and playful dogs that make an excellent family companion. Labrador retrievers are a moderate barker, which are good with strangers and other pets, and need average grooming and care. American armed forces utilized Labs in “Combat Tracker Teams” (CTT), to control stress of the soldiers deployed in combat fields.

  • Origin : Newfoundland
  • Height : 21 to 24 inches
  • Weight : 25–36 kg (55–80 lb)
  • Life Expectancy : 10 to 12 years
  • Military : American armed forces
Mudhol hound (Indian Army Dog)

Mudhol hound (Indian Army Dog)

17. Mudhol Hound

The Mudhol hound is a medium-sized, slender and athletic hound dog, native to Mudhol district of Karnataka state of India. Mudhol hound is an exceptionally loyal dog that is and capable of providing an excellent performance in the field on a consistent basis under gruelling conditions that would decimate most other dogs. Its physical strength couples with great speed and plenty of stamina to allow- it to catch and kill several types of game, from hare to blackbuck, over rough country. Mudhol hound dogs were introduced in the Indian Army's inventory in 2017, and being trained in Remount and Veterinary Corps Centre (RVC) of India in Meerut.

  • Origin : Karnataka, India
  • Height : 22 to 30 inches
  • Weight : 48-62 lbs
  • Life Expectancy : 10 to 12 years
  • Military : Indian Army
Rottweiler

Rottweiler

18. Rottweiler

The Rottweiler is a medium-to-large or large sized dog, native to Germany. Rottweiler dog was originally bred to drive cattle to market, herd livestock and later it was used to pull carts laden with butchered meat to market, and also known as Rottweiler Metzgerhund meaning Rottweil butcher's dog. The Rottweiler has been used by the military forces since WWI, U.S. military used them as a guard dog In World War I.

  • Origin : Germany
  • Height : 22 to 27 inch (56 to 69 cm )
  • Weight : 35 and 60 kg (77 and 132 lbs)
  • Life Expectancy : 8-10 years
  • Military : U.S. military
Siberian Huskies (The Russian Military Dog)

Siberian Huskies (The Russian Military Dog)

19. Siberian Huskies

The Siberian Husky was originally bred by the Chukchi Tribe in Siberia to haul heavy loads. They are a very energetic and active dog, which are known for their distinctive thick furred double coat, erect triangle-shaped ears, and distinctive color markings. Husky dogs were used by the U.S. military during World War II, Husky and Alaskan Malamute were only dog breeds, when Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941. The Siberian Husky has been used by the Russian military for sled-pulling in Siberia, since as early as 1840.

  • Origin : Siberia (USSR)
  • Height : 20 to 23 1/2 inches
  • Weight : 35 to 60 pounds
  • life Expectancy : 12 to 15 years
  • Military : U.S. military, Russian Army
Springer spaniel (British Forces)

Springer spaniel (British Forces)

20. Springer spaniel

The English Springer Spaniel is a small to medium sized dog, spaniel type dog from gun dog breed, native to the United Kingdom. English Springer Spaniel was bred, during the early 1800s for flushing and retrieving game. It is an Intelligent, Affectionate, Alert, Active breed, that is being used by British military, as a detection dog who was active during the Iraq War to search hidden weapons cache.

  • Origin : England
  • Height : 46 to 51 cm
  • Weight : 18 – 25 kg
  • life Expectancy : 12–14 years
  • Military : British Military

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2022 ARADHYA

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