I like to share information about wildlife, animals, and pets—dogs in particular.
The Rampur greyhound is a sight hound native to the Northern Indian city of Rampur, used to hunt deer, fox, jackal, and rabbits. It was considered a test of courage for a single hound to take down a golden jackal. Rampur Greyhounds were bred by mixing between an Afghan Hounds and native Indian dogs. They may appear lazy, but when needed, they have great running speed and stamina, they can run with speed of 32 to 38 (up to 42 miles) per hour, much faster than Indian wild dogs or Dholes.
In early 2000, they were on the verge of extinction due to mixing with local dogs and dwindling demand. In the past few years, local breeders and some NGOs started a campaign to save their breed, due to which some dogs of this breed are still available and can be found in Delhi and near by cities.
Breed Information and Physical Traits
Rampur greyhounds are tall dogs and around 24 to 30 inches at the wither, have a slender and athletic body, and hare-like feet and a cat-like balance. They have a long, hanging tail that helps them to adjust body balance while running and to taking a quick turn.
- Origin: Rampur City, between Delhi and Bareilly, India.
- Category: Hunting
- Height: Female: 62–71 cm, male: 64–74 cm
- Weight: Female: 22–26 kg, male: 22–31 kg
- Coat: Single, short coat
- Color: Most common colors are Black or brindle spots on white, available in colors Black, gray, brindle, white and fawn
- Temperament: Aloof, reserved, intelligent, loyal, and devoted to their owners
- Life Span : 10 to 13 years
Facts About Rampur Greyhound Dog Breed
Behavior and characteristics
- Rampur Greyhound is considered to be the royal dog of India, in whose honor the Government of India has also issued a postage stamp.
- They are very intelligent, loyal, and devoted to their owners.
- The Rampur Greyhounds are reserved and don't usually like strangers or other pets.
- They are very affectionate and protective of their owners and are known as a one-person dog.
- They tend to be less active, sleepy and lethargic during the day than other dogs, but they are very active and alert at night.
- They bark less and growl more than other dogs.
Physical Traits, Running and Hunting Capabilities
- These dogs sometimes appear to be lazy, but when roused, they charge and can even take down a golden jackal.
- It is one of the fastest running dogs in India, possibly the fastest dog after the Indian Mudhole (Carawan) Hounds. Rampur Greyhounds run at an average speed of 30 to 32 miles per hour, their maximum speed is recorded 38 miles per hour.
- Rampur Greyhounds have the ability to walk on ledges thanks to their big, flexible paws, which give them a cat-like balance. They can calmly clear a six-foot fence from a standing position.
Characteristics and Temperament of the Breed
The Rampur Greyhound is an aloof, reserved, obedient and devoted dog that exhibits intelligence in running and hunting. It's extroverted and inquisitive in nature.
This breed is very energetic, intelligent, loyal and protective towards its human family. They are reserved and aloof dogs, who usually bark only when needed.
Compatibility With Other Pets
This is a calm, gentle and reserved dog, that needs early socialization and training. Otherwise, it can be aggressive with other dogs and companion animals as they try to prove their alpha status.
Compatibility With Children
Rampur Greyhounds are usually devoted to their family and reliable with children. However, the breed is suspicious and inquisitive in nature, so they should be carefully introduced to strangers.
Suitability for Apartment Living
These dogs were developed for the purpose of hunting companions, which require a lot of running, exercise, and are perfect for living in farms or backyards. But if they get proper running and exercise twice a day, one hour each, they can adjust even in the apartment. And because they bark less, and have less or average shedding than other dogs, they make a good family pet.
The Origin and Breed History
Rampur Greyhound was developed in the 18th century by the Nawab of Rampur, Ahmed Ali Khan. The Nawab of Rampur wanted to develop a dog that could hunt wolves like Taji and had a speed similar to that of English greyhounds. The Rampur Greyhound was primarily used to hunt wild boar, jackal, and to protect livestock from other wild animals such as leopards, and panthers. They were developed primarily by mixing between Arabian Saluki, the Afghan Hound, and the native hound and Pariah dogs. Later these dogs were confined to the royal family, where they were mainly referred to as watch dogs.
Health and Vet Care
Rampur Hounds are sturdy dogs that need average grooming, a good diet and appropriate exercise. They are healthy, and strong dogs that require less vet care. But like other dogs, these too have a few health problems and need regular vet visits.
The most common health issues for Rampur greyhounds are as follows:
- Luxating Patellas (kneecaps that slip out of place)
- Progressive retinal atrophy
- Corneal dystrophy
- Von Willebrand disease
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
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