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Most Common Dog Health Issues and Diseases

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Dogs can equally suffer from multiple health problems and issues, just like other organic animals like skin diseases, ear infections, eye infections, intestinal parasites, and digestive or dental diseases. Because of all these uncomfortable conditions, our pooch can suffer frequently. In this situation, our canines should receive a veterinary checkup and treatment. Proper checkups and vaccination are necessary to prevent severe health conditions in dogs. Some enormous health problems can affect your dogs, but the following are the most common and critical.

Skin Diseases:

Most skin diseases in dogs are mainly because of skin infections, parasites, and allergies. According to Beaver, “most common skin issue in doggies is demodectic mange caused by a mite that lives in hair follicles.” Typically ringworm is one of the most common skin problems that can cause hair loss and scaly patches in canines. Dogs can also develop allergies due to some common food ingredients like corn, beef, soy, and wheat that trigger severe skin problems.

There are many treatments available to avoid itching and scratching and to kill parasites. A vet may also prescribe a diet plan for your pooch to minimize the food allergies or medicines and injections to control allergic reactions.

Ear Infection:

Ear infection is a common issue in pets, especially in dogs who spend most of their time outside. An ear infection usually occurs when a small dust or dirt particle had lodged in the pooch ear. For ear infection treatment, your vet usually suggests ear drops with antibiotics. Regularly cleaning the ear of your pet can also help in the prevention of ear infections.

Internal Parasites:

Internal parasites are also present in animals and more dangerous than external, and can cause more hazardous diseases. Heartworms, intestine worms, hookworms, round or tapeworms, and whipworms are examples of internal parasites. Internal parasites are more dangerous in puppies like hookworms can cause anemia, or roundworms affect growth and development systems. Coughing, diarrhea, skin changes, vomiting, weight loss, and presence in fecal or fur are the common symptoms that indicate the existence of worms in dogs.


Vomiting in dogs have many reasons like a blockage in the intestine, toxicity, and other acute conditions. If this situation persists in the long run, then you should have to consult your vet.

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Dental infection:

Dental or periodontal problems generally comprise gum and tooth attachment, which are often severe in dogs. Plaque, bad breath, and swollen jaws are symptoms of dental disease in doggies. Brushing your dog’s teeth regularly, at least clean a few times a week. If your pooch has this issue, then professional cleaning is needed. Use vet prescribed chews and foods to clean plaque and tartar.


It is not a common issue in animals but critical in senior dogs and other animals and is also known as Osteoarthritis. Arthritis is a natural phenomenon both in humans and dogs, in which abnormal changes occur in joints over time. Recognizing Osteoarthritis at its initial stage in your pooch is better to inhibit from becoming more worsen. If you note the following symptoms in dogs, like decreased activity, weight gain, touch avoidance, and mobility changes, your canine is a victim of this disease. It is a natural process that cannot prevent completely but slow down its further progression. Regular exercises and daily walks can keep their joints flexible and lubricated. We can’t fix this problem, but there are several alternative methods to provide relief to your dog to some extent, like pain-relieving medicine, foods, and arthritis supplements, physiotherapy, laser, and stem cells. Sometimes it is also handled with nutritional supplements like omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E.

Urinary Tract Infection:

Another common health issue that your canine facing is urinary tract infection, generally caused by parasites, bacteria or, fungi that live in the urinary tract of a dog and sometimes by diet. This condition leads to blood discharge in urine, inappropriate urination, and increased frequency of urine. Daily walks and drinking enough water can support your pooch to eliminate urine by itself. If urine remains in the bladder for a long time that encourages bacterial growth in the urinary tract. According to research, antibiotics and a few home remedies like blueberries, cranberries, apple cider vinegar, and vitamin E tablets can also be helpful. Increase your doggy’s drinking capacity that simulates the elimination of bacteria from the urinary bladder.

This content reflects the personal opinions of the author. It is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and should not be substituted for impartial fact or advice in legal, political, or personal matters.


MAB (author) from Pakistan on July 06, 2021:

Thanks Ishika

ISHIKA MEHERE from NAGPUR on July 06, 2021:

Interesting article Maria,I enjoyed educating myself through your article.

Dilwar on July 06, 2021:

Helpful material..

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