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Interesting Facts About the National Bird of India—The Peacock.

Chitrangada loves the richness of Indian art, culture and traditions. As a writer, she wants to spread information about Indian culture.

Spotted this beautiful Peacock, during our visit to Sariska National Park, Rajasthan, India

Spotted this beautiful Peacock, during our visit to Sariska National Park, Rajasthan, India

Peacock-The National Bird of India

Peacock-The National Bird of India

The National Bird Of India —The Peacock

The glittering blue, green and gold,

Exquisitely arranged satin-silk feathers,

Wrapped around like a full bridal gown,

With elegance and poise,

An impressive crown, and distinguished grace,

There it stands, displaying it’s beauty,

God's own creation----The Peacock!

The national bird of India, the Peacock is a large and beautiful bird. It attracts everyone with its beauty, its graceful movements, the bright colours, with the texture of silk, the fan shaped feathers on its head, that resembles a crown.

India loves colours and the Peacock truly represents the general mood of the Indians. Always filled with Love, Joy, Happiness and celebration.

The Peacock has always been an important part of the Indian mythology. It symbolizes royalty and divinity. It is also considered auspicious to see the peacock. As such the peacock images, paintings and carvings can be found, on the walls, throne, entrance gates, floors, carpets and other places in old palaces and forts.

Like a peacock, your beauty is multiplied when you spread your wings and show the world your stuff! Don't be afraid to be who you are - each peacock feather is flawed and imperfect, but collectively they create something of great beauty. Your flaws are what make you perfect!

— Author Unknown

Peacock decorations

Peacock decorations

Why was Peacock chosen, as the National Bird of India?

  • The Peacock was declared the National Bird of India in 1963.
  • Peacock has a prominent reference in ancient Indian Art and Architecture, as well as has a religious and legendary involvement, in the Indian culture and traditions.
  • The criteria for this choice, was due to its well distributed presence within the country, so that it could be called truly 'National'.
  • The common man could recognize this beautiful bird. It was also kept in the mind that it should not be confused, with the bird emblem of any other nation.
  • It is well associated, with the Indian myths and legends. The Peacock fulfilled all these criteria, to be chosen as the National bird of India.
Peacock handicrafts

Peacock handicrafts

Male and female peacocks

Male and female peacocks

Interesting facts about the Peacock

  • Peacock, or the male bird, is more beautiful, colourful and brighter, than its female counterpart, which is called Peahen.
  • Peacocks, have larger tails and heavier bodies, compared to Peahen.
  • When Peacocks are young, they look ordinary, more or less like their mothers. It is after six months of growth, that their beauty starts showing up. The plume grows, only after three years of age. The tails and feathers can grow, as long as six feet.
  • The Peacocks are very large birds, with massive feathers, but they can fly, although not very high, or to a long distance.
  • Peacocks can live up to twenty years of age.
  • The Peacocks shed their feathers every year. The new set of feather grows, once the old ones are discarded.
  • A gene mutation can lead to losing their pigmentation, and thus peacocks turn into white peafowls.
  • Peacock is a protected bird according to Government of India order.
  • When Peacocks want to attract female attention, they send out fake copulative mating calls. The females do get attracted to this. Peacock gets to score over his rivals and collect a harem.
  • It has been found out by experts that more than one third of the mating calls made were absolutely fake. The male Peacock however, does play an active part in rearing the young.
  • The male Peacock may be beautiful, as compared to its female counterpart, but when it comes to choosing a mate, the female reserves the right to reject a suitor, to mate with. While accepting a mating call, it pays attention to the colour, feather length, tail etc.
  • It has been observed that most birds pair for life. But Peacocks are polygamous, and fiercely protect a harem, of two to five peahens.
  • Peacock feathers have small glittering crystals, to attract the female Peahen. These crystals reflect light and gives fluorescent look, to their bright feathers.
  • Wild animals such as Mongoose, tigers, cats, wolves and other carnivores in the wild do prey on peacocks. For this, they take shelter on trees, for a long time.
  • Peacocks are omnivores and eat insects, flowers, seeds and small rodents and lizards.
  • Peacocks do get lonely and sad sometimes, when alone, and even produce unpleasant sounds, to express their grief and anguish.
  • Wild animals like Lion and Tigers hate Peacocks, because they are the first ones to alert other animals, in their loud and clear call, that the wild animals are on hunt for prey.
  • It is believed, that whenever the Peacock spreads its tails, in an ornamental fashion, it indicates that it is going to rain.
  • It has been found partly true also, at times. At the sight of the dark clouds, the bird outspreads its tail, and starts dancing in rhythmic fashion.
  • The species of Peacock has survived over the time span of 4000 years. It has survived climatic changes, predatory animals and human's destructive tendencies.


Multipurpose Handcrafted decorative piece, with peacock as theme.

Multipurpose Handcrafted decorative piece, with peacock as theme.

Palaces painted in peacock colours

Palaces painted in peacock colours

What is the Significance of Peacock In the Hindu Religion and Mythology:

  • Peacocks have been considered as sacred birds by the Hindus.
  • The bird is associated with Kartikeya-the son of Lord Shiva, also known as Lord Murugan, in South India. A peacock is the mount of Kartikeya.
  • One can see feathers of the Peacock on the Mukut or the head gear of the idol of Sri Krishna.
  • Peacock feathers or Mor-Pankh as they are called in Hindi are considered auspicious and people keep it in their homes. It is believed that they bring good luck and prosperity.
  • It is also believed that the Peacock feathers brings harmony and safeguards positive energy in homes.

To Conclude:

The Peacock is believed to be a symbol of freedom.

They can walk on the earth, and swim in the sea, as humans do, but they also have the ability to soar into the sky. These birds are free to roam, to earth and the sky.

Many religious cultures believe, that they are a symbol of eternal life, the link between heaven and earth.

Peacock handcrafted key chain.

Indian Blue Peacock in all its glory, source: You tube

White Peacock, source: You tube

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2016 Chitrangada Sharan

Comments

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on October 16, 2019:

Thank you Prantika, for your kind words of appreciation.

Watching the peacocks is such a wonderful experience. I had the opportunity to see them spreading their beautiful feathers, so many times.

Thank you for reading and commenting.

Prantika Samanta from Kolkata, India on October 15, 2019:

It is such a wonderful article. Thank you for sharing so much details about the peacocks. I am fortunate to see white peacocks as well. I have also witnessed how a peacock dance to allure a peahen, which looks very different from a peacock.

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on May 16, 2018:

Thank you Margaret Schindler, for reading and appreciating the article!

Good to know that you were able to see these beautiful creatures so closely.

I also had the opportunity to watch them very closely, near our residence, few years back. In India, it is considered auspicious to see a peacock, especially if it spreads it’s feathers.

Thanks for your positive comments!

Margaret Schindel from Massachusetts on May 15, 2018:

Thank you for sharing so much fascinating information about peacocks! I was fortunate to observe a peacock, a couple of peahens and their chicks “up close and personal” during a vacation at a Jamaican resort a few years ago and I cherish the experience and the photos my husband and I were able to capture during our stay.

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on October 27, 2017:

Thank You Anusha for reading and appreciating the article !

Like you I have also seen them at places, other than a Zoo. When I was at Baroda, I was fortunate to see them in full glory, with all their beautiful feathers spread out.

It was majestic! Only God can create such beautiful colours and such wonderful creatures.

I am glad you found this article informative. Thanks again!

Anusha Jain from Delhi, India on October 27, 2017:

A very well researched and awesomely written hub. I love the plethora of colors on the peacock. When we were young and went to our Grandma's village, that was the first time I got introduced to peacock in person. I was mesmerized and till date, their beauty and colors haven't ceased to amaze me.

I came to know a lot of new things about this fascination creation of god on your hub. Thanks a lot for that. Again, fabulous article.

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on February 03, 2017:

Thank you SAQIB66O8 for stopping by and your positive comments!

Yes the Peacock is a symbol of freedom.

Glad you liked the hub. Thank you!

SAQIB from HYDERABAD PAKISTAN on February 03, 2017:

Always been fond of PeaCOCKS,

The Peacock is believed to be a symbol of freedom.

They can walk on the earth and swim in the sea as humans do but they also have the ability to soar into the sky.

GREAT READING, GO ON

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on August 23, 2016:

Thank you vespawoolf, for reading and commenting!

Glad you liked the interesting facts about Peacocks.

Have a good day!

Vespa Woolf from Peru, South America on August 23, 2016:

I've been fascinated with peacocks since I was a little girl. Thank you for sharing interesting facts about them. I didn't realize they weren't monogamous like most birds.

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on August 08, 2016:

Thank you Peggy W, for your kind visit and positive comments!

Glad to learn that you liked the article about the national bird of India, that is the Peacock. What a beautiful word but such a sharp voice.

Thanks and have a good day!

Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on August 08, 2016:

What a beautiful bird to be your national bird of India. It is certainly colorful and I always enjoy seeing them whenever I can. I can understand why they can effectively alert other animals when predators are close because of their noisy calls. Good article!

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on August 04, 2016:

Thank you Shyron E Shenko, for your kind visit and appreciation of the hub!

I am pleased to learn that you enjoy seeing these beautiful birds in your area. They are definitely one of God's most wonderful creations.

Thanks and have a lovely day!

Shyron E Shenko from Texas on August 03, 2016:

This I believe is the most beautiful of birds and we have an area in the town I live in where they roam free and a lot of people feed them and take many photos of them, thank you Chitrangada for sharing these beautiful pictures and informative facts.

Blessings my friend.

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on July 11, 2016:

Thanks Surabhi, for your lovely comments!

Great to see you after a long time. How beautiful to keep Peacock feathers in books! Even I have done it earlier--One can instantly start feeling positive.

Thank you so much for your visit and appreciation of the hub!

Surabhi Kaura on July 10, 2016:

What a delight to read this amazing hub, Chitrangada ji. It reminds me of my childhood days spent in the Noormehal city; known for peacoks. Ha ha - I used to collect their feathers and keep them in my novels. Lovely poem!

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on July 06, 2016:

Thank you Shampa, for reading and commenting! So good to see you after a long time.

Glad you found the hub informative. Thanks!

Shampa Sadhya from NEW DELHI, INDIA on July 06, 2016:

Learnt in details about our national bird. A very informative hub.

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on July 05, 2016:

Thank you Patsybell, for reading and commenting on this hub!

I am glad you liked the information about the Peacock. Thanks and have a good day!

Patsy Bell Hobson from zone 6a, SEMO on July 04, 2016:

Great hub. I learned so much here. What amazing birds. Good information.

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on July 01, 2016:

Thank you for the kind visit and appreciation of the hub!

Glad to know you liked the information!

Worraphark from Thailand on July 01, 2016:

Wow! This is amazing about peacock, I love it. Thanks for your information.

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on June 13, 2016:

Thank you Dianna, for visiting and appreciating the hub!

I am so happy to see you after a long time. And you are right, white Peacock looks so graceful . I have seen the coloured ones so many times even near our home. The white one is rare but I have seen them in the Zoo. It's delightful to watch them when they spread their feathers.

Thank you and have a great day!

Dianna Mendez on June 12, 2016:

I love the white feathered peacock pictured here; it's so beautiful! Interesting fact about the prediction of rain when it displays its full set of feathers.

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on June 09, 2016:

Thank you AliciaC for reading and commenting on this hub. It makes me feel good that you liked this hub about Peacocks.

Thanks for the follow as well! Have a good day!

Linda Crampton from British Columbia, Canada on June 08, 2016:

Peacocks can be so beautiful. Thank you for sharing this lovely hub and all the facts. I didn't know that the peacock was the national bird of India. It sounds like a great choice!

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on June 08, 2016:

Thank you Rajan ji, for reading and commenting on this hub!

So pleased to know that you liked it. Thanks!

Rajan Singh Jolly from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar, INDIA. on June 07, 2016:

There is no sight more majestic & graceful than a peacock with its feathers spread up and wide.

A very informative, well written hub and great videos.

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on May 29, 2016:

Thank you Deb, for reading and commenting on this hub!

I appreciate your comments on this hub since you have such a deep understanding about the life and characteristics of the avian life. I am sure you must have great photographs of these beautiful birds.

Thanks for your support!

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on May 29, 2016:

Thank you Audrey, for appreciating the article!

I am pleased to read your comments!

Deb Hirt from Stillwater, OK on May 28, 2016:

There is a lady near here with a ranch that raises peacocks. I was there shortly before dark, and they all roosted in the trees. This was during breeding season, so I got to meet and photograph one of the youngsters.

Audrey Howitt from California on May 27, 2016:

These are such beautiful birds! Such a beautiful article!

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on May 26, 2016:

Thanks Nell, for reading and appreciating this hub on Peacocks. Glad you liked it.

Yes I saw the picture in your excellent hub. Thanks!

Nell Rose from England on May 25, 2016:

Beautiful hub, I love these birds, I recently saw them up close at a Castle, wonderful!

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on May 24, 2016:

Thank you Nithya, for reading and commenting on this hub! Appreciate your positive comments. Thanks!

Nithya Venkat from Dubai on May 23, 2016:

Peacocks are beautiful and unique birds. An interesting and informative post, enjoyed reading.

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on May 17, 2016:

Thanks MsDora, for reading and commenting on this hub! I am pleased to learn that you liked the information about Peacocks.

Thanks for your positive feedback and support!

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on May 17, 2016:

Thank you Faith Reaper, for your kind visit and comments!

I am glad to hear from you . You are right that Peacocks are one of the most beautiful bird. It's good to know that you can see them frequently at your place.

Always a pleasure to read your feedback. Thanks for your support!

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on May 17, 2016:

Thanks Vasantha T K, for reading and commenting on this hub! Glad you liked the hub!

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on May 17, 2016:

Thank you for reading and commenting on this hub, Bill!

You are right Peacocks have a very sharp sound but their beauty is heavenly.

Always a pleasure to read your comments! Thanks for the support!

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on May 17, 2016:

Thank you Jodah, for remembering me on my birthday!

I am happy to read your feedback on this hub on Peacocks. Yes you are right, different cultures have different beliefs about Peacocks.

Personally I am attracted to its beauty. I have kept some feathers in my home for decoration purposes.

Thanks for your kind visit and support!

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on May 17, 2016:

Thank you Madan Ji, for your appreciative comments! I am pleased to read your positive comments!

Thank you!

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on May 17, 2016:

Thank you Ericdierker for appreciating the hub !

Appreciate your kind visit and comments!

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on May 17, 2016:

Thank you Devika, for reading the hub! I am glad that you like Peacocks and the information related to it.

Your feedback is always appreciated!

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on May 17, 2016:

Thanks Dana Tate, for reading and appreciating this hub about Peacocks! I am glad you liked the information.

Thank you!

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on May 17, 2016:

Thanks Rachel L Alba, for appreciating the hub!

I am glad you liked the information about Peacocks. I agree with you that white Peacocks are equally beautiful.

Appreciate your kind visit and comments!

Chitrangada Sharan (author) from New Delhi, India on May 17, 2016:

Thank you Harish Prasad Ji, for reading and commenting on this hub. I am glad you liked the information about Peacocks.

Appreciate your kind visit and comments!

Dora Weithers from The Caribbean on May 16, 2016:

The peacock as a symbol of freedom is inspiring. Thanks for all this good information about India and its national bird. Great choice!

Faith Reaper from southern USA on May 15, 2016:

Oh, the Peacock is one of the most strikingly beautiful creatures on this Earth! It is interesting to know that the Peacock is India's National bird.

They certainly love to strut their stuff, and it's no wonder ...

Their colors are magnificent. We have them here in southern USA too.

Thank you for sharing all about this stunning bird.

vasantha T k from Bangalore on May 15, 2016:

Beautiful hub on beautiful bird. Thanks for sharing.

Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on May 14, 2016:

I would raise peacocks on our urban farm but for one thing: they are so incredibly loud! I have never heard a louder bird in my life but my goodness, they are stunning in their colors.

John Hansen from Queensland Australia on May 14, 2016:

A lovely bird to write a hub about, Chitrangada. I wasn't aware that the peacock was India's national bird. We used to have a peacock visit us everyday at a previous home. They are certainly one of the world's most beautiful creatures.

Some people in Australia consider peacock feathers to be bad luck, and one of our friends will not visit anywhere she thinks may have peacocks or their feathers. She says every time she has been in contact, a friend or family member has died. I think this is just a superstition, however.

I hope you had a great birthday a couple of days ago.

MG Singh emge from Singapore on May 14, 2016:

Fantastic post on peacock. You covered almost everything and added to all round wisdom.

Eric Dierker from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A. on May 14, 2016:

this was great to read. thank you

Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on May 14, 2016:

A beautiful bird! You shared interesting facts and I like the colors it is fascinating to read about a unique bird.

Dana Tate from LOS ANGELES on May 14, 2016:

I just love Peacocks. They are one of the most beautiful animals I have ever seen.

Rachel L Alba from Every Day Cooking and Baking on May 14, 2016:

Hi Chitrangada, What a beautiful hub. With out a doubt, the peacock is the most beautiful bird. Even the white one with the color when it shows it's tail, in my opinion is equally beautiful. Thank you for the interesting information.

Blessings to you.

Harish Mamgain from New Delhi , India on May 14, 2016:

What a wobderful hub about such a beatiful bird ! The information, photos and videos, the whole package is enchanting. It's interesting to know that peacock sheds his feathers every year and grows new feathers. ChitrangadaSharan, I got to know more about peacock through this lovely hub. Well done.