I like to share information about wildlife, animals and pets—dogs in particular.
The relationship between humans and dogs is centuries old, dogs were developed dogs by domesticating wolves thousands of years ago. The oldest history of dogs is of ancient primitive dogs, which are also called Pariah dogs, the modern days Pariah and primitive dogs are examples of ancient dogs. In this article you can get to know the seven dogs, who have Pariah bloodline in their ancestry.
The Pariah Dog
Usually e mean Pariah dogs, to the dogs which were living around free ranges to human civilization, which were domesticated to help the hunters in wild game and protect the livestock. The India, Egypt and Israel are predicted to be the first place, from where the dog domestication was started. And the term Pariah is taken from the South Indian word that mean the free ranging, Primitive type dogs. These dogs are the ancestral stock for many other recognized and unrecognized Pedigree, Primitive type and Wild dogs. Find the list of some recognized dogs who have Pariah bloodline in their ancestry.
1. The Canaan Dog
Canaan Dogs are the medium sized, healthy, sturdy and intelligent primitive type dogs of Israel. They do well in agility and obedience and very protective and good with family and children. They are the national dog breed of Israel, but only 2000-3000 Canaan dogs were counted across the world. Mainly they have presence in North America and some part of Europe.
History of the Canaan dog
- They are considered the Middle Eastern landscape for thousands of years.
- In year 1930, Dr. Rudolfina Menzel recognised them a great guard and companion dog for desert regions.
- She started a systematic breeding in 1934 and gave them a new name Canaan Dog.
- In 1949 Menzel founded found them a great choice for guide dogs and started to train Canaan dogs as guide dogs for the blind.
- And after her death in 1973, The Shaar Hagai Kennels, managed by Dr. Dvora Ben Shaul and Myrna Shiboleth, continued the breeding program according to her instructions.
- The Kennel Club of Canada and United Kingdom, recognised them in 1970 and kennel club of America recognized them in 1993 an an individual breed.
2. Australian Dingo
Dingos are the wild dogs from Australia, also have presence in some part of the Southeast Asia. Though their origin is yet not specified. Dingos are wild dogs and are dependent on the hunt and have a great hunting instinct, stamina and energy. Also, they do not bark like a dog, instead howls like a wolf.
History Of Dingo
- The DNA test of a "pure" dingo in the 1970s supported the theory that dingoes are more closely related to domestic dogs than they are descendant to grey wolves or coyotes.
- But recent DNA test report of 2013 indicates that the Indian Pariah dogs are the genetic source for "Australian Dingos". Around Five thousand years back they were brought to Australia by Indian Sea fears.
- Latter the DNA studies on Australian dingoes and domestic dogs were also undertaken in an effort to study the difference between both populations and to analyse the extent of interbreeding. Which was one of the reasons, firstly it was believed that the dingo are the descended of Indian Wolf.
Australian Dingo vs Indian Pariah Dog
3. Carolina Dog or American dingo
Carolina Dogs are the medium sized, healthy and sturdy Primitive type feral dogs from America with a similar appearance to the small Australian Dingo and also known as American Dingo, Carolina Dingo or American Pariah. They are naturally selected dogs which were first discovered living as a wild dog or free roaming dog by Dr. I. Lehr Brisbin. Now they are a well-recognised and domesticated dogs which are considered an excellent family pet and also known as a "Yellow Dog" in the Southern U.S.A.
History of Carolina Dogs
- In 1970 an ecologist Dr. I. Lehr Brisbin got an interest and curiosity to study about the dogs of the Savannah River area of South Carolina and addressed them Carolina Dog.
- The origin of the Carolina dogs is yet not effervescent. The latest DNS test shows, the DNA of Carolina dogs contained 10% and 35% pre-Columbian ancestry and rest from some mixed or unknown kind of ancient primitive dogs mainly from Asian primitive dogs.
- Study of their Fossil evidence suggests, around 20,000 years ago, before to the Europeans the Native American Indians (migrated from Asia) reached in the region who bought their dogs with them which are the genetic source of Carolina Dogs. And that’s the reason Carolina Dogs are also known as North American Native Dogs and Indian Dogs.
The Carolina Dog vs Pariah Dog
4: Thai Bangkaev Dog
Bangkaew Dogs are the mastiff type Asian dog breed from the village Bangkaew, located in the Bang Rakam District, Phitsanulok Province in the central region of Thailand. It’s commonly believed that this dog was originated from monastery Bangakew, near Rom River in this village.
This Above medium sized and the average weighted dog is the combination of an athletic and powerful dog breed. Which has longer double coat fur on their neck, chest and ear. Also, they are well-recognised and appreciated to be a loyal and protective family pet and an excellent watchdog.
History of Bangkaev Dog Breed
- The breed history started from the monastery of the central region of Thailand, near the Yom River, where it is believed that Thai Bangkaew Dogs originated.
- An old Bangkaew villager named Tah Nim gave the abbot a native pariah bitch (Indian Spitz type). When she got pregnant without any presence of male dog in that area, it was assumed that she was mingled with jackals, which were present in surrounded forest areas.
- Latter in 1980s, A chromosome study of Thai Bangkaew dog confirmed that the breed is the result of domestic dog and jackal interbreed.
5. Native American Indian Dog
The Native American Indian dog (NAID) is an American origin dog breed. Created by Native American by multi generation crosses between Indian primitive type dogs and coyote. NAID is a medium sized, naturally healthy, self-caring and extremely high intelligent dog. Also this dog is well suitable to extreme weather and need low or minimum grooming requirement. This is an intelligent dog with great sense and very loyal and protective to its family.
NAID Breed History
NAID dogs haven’t specified breed history only part which is confirmed they are created by the majestic kennel club of America and have a blood line of Indian Pariah Dogs. Mainly two concepts are accepted by most of the breeders.
1st: This dog was used by Native Americans before the Spaniards introduced the horse in the mid-1500s and were an integral part of village life and Dogs would pull a travois carrying the family's belongings, hunt and fish, and were "babysitters" for the children and elderly when the women were gathering berries and herbs. But the origin of this breed is not specified.
2nd: Another theory has claimed that any dog sold as an Indian dog is not a re-creation. Original native dogs are extinct and have been since before the invention of photography. Indians themselves did not have a pure breed of dog. Theirs were mixed dogs. With the arrival of the Europeans, these dogs became interbred with dogs from Europe and other countries.
But because the dogs were never a purebred dog, and no one bothered to study into them much so it would be impossible to "re-create" them. The NAID is considered a new type of dog started by one breeder.
6: Cambodian Razorback Dog
Cambodian Razorbacks are the domesticated and friendly Asian primitive type dogs originated from the Mekong River Valley of Cambodia. Which has social behavior subordinated with primitive or Pariah Dogs. They are territorial intelligent, reserved and natural guard dogs which rarely bark, were used for hunting and livestock protection.
It’s commonly believed that the Cambodian Razorbacks are the originated by crossing between Asian primitive or Pariah Dogs with Phu Quoc Dogs. The Asian pariah dogs were bought into this place when ancient Buddhist traveled to Cambodia.
The Africanis dogs are an ancient medium sized healthy and sturdy primitive Landrace of South African dogs. Though their origin is not known, but it’s believed that they are the crossed between hounds and pariah dogs of ancient Africa. They are also known as umbra WA ki-shenzimeaning common or mongrel or "traditional dog". various African ethnic groups developed them according to their need and conditions hence they do exist in numerous specialised forms. They were known by the name Bantu Dog, Hottentot Hunting Dog, Khoikhoi Dog, Tswana breed, Zulu Dog and Umbwa WA Ki-Shenzi.
It’s commonly believed and accepted, on based to the domestication took place in Asia and the traditional African dogs are the descendant of primitive type of dogs which were domesticated in the East and came to Africa. You may find their presence in Egyptian history since 4700 BC.
The first domestic dog was arrived in Africa with the migration of the Early Iron Age Bantu speaking people and it is accepted that these migrations traveled along the Albertine Rift and the Lake region and since then exotic canine influences became more likely after the colonization of Transkei and Zululand during the 19th century.
But latter their dogs were mated with Arabian and imported pedigree dogs and the true Africans is not common in the region, though still they can be found in tribal areas where people maintain their traditional assets. The Africanis is recognized by the Kennel Union of Southern Africa (KUSA).
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
© 2016 ARADHYA