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How to Survive Attacks by the 10 Most Dangerous Animals

Uvaisur does not want animals to die due to human unawareness, so he has written this article to help people learn more about these animals.

By Uvaisur Rahman H

There are many dangerous animals in this world, but only a few of them are capable of threatening our lives. Some of the animals on this list are so dangerous that even a slight mistake might be deadly. There are so many precious lives lost every year because of their lack of awareness regarding those animals. Learning about those animals not only helps you to avoid them(remember, avoiding the encounter is an important survival tactics), but also survive their attacks which should be our top priority as animals. The following animals are considered to be most dangerous among their peers.

1.Tsetse fly

2. Stone fish

3. Saltwater Crocodile

4. Hippopotamus

5. Cape Buffalo

6. Elephants

7. Black rhinoceros

8. Grizzly bear( Brown bear)

9. Cassowary

10. Death stalker

When it comes to surviving attacks by these animals, it is essential to get answers for three questions. What are they? How do we avoid them?, and what to do if we get attacked by them? Let's learn more about these animals.


1. Tsetse Fly

Tsetse fly is a large blood sucking fly found in sub-Saharan Africa. They are mostly seen in rural villages and responsible for spreading one of the deadliest diseases called African sleeping sickness(Trypanosomiasis) caused by parasite( tsetse fly act as carrier for the parasite)from genus called trypanosoma. Around 10,000 cases are found every year, while most cases are estimated to be undiagnosed. This is devastating for a disease with a mortality close to 100℅ when left untreated. There are two different types of African sickness. They are East African sleeping sickness and west African sleeping sickness.

Currently, there are no vaccine or medicine to prevent African sleeping sickness and treatment for this disease takes several weeks to months. Most common symptoms are fever, fatigue headache for the first stage when it reaches second stage it causes confusion, poor coordination and disturbance in sleep cycle.

How to avoid

  • Wear thick long-sleeved shirt or jacket to reduce your skin exposure to them and prevent them from biting you.
  • Avoiding bushes where tsetse fly rest mostly at morning.
  • Close your car windows properly when parking, since they are attracted to dust.
  • Avoid wearing bright-colored dress, especially blue and black.
  • Beware of those flies when visiting places more prone to disease.

What to do

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  • Get diagnosed if you get bitten by them. Since the disease may remain dormant for weeks to months without showing any major symptom.

2. Stone fish

Stone fish (the closest relative to the scorpion fishes) are the most venomous fish. They are found in the Indo-Pacific region among surrounding coral, rocky reef, rubble and aquatic plants, and are near perfectly camouflaged (almost invincible) to human eyes. There are around 13 dorsal spines on their body connected to two venomous glands through which they inject venom to whoever step on them. Their stings are said to be extremely painful and can cause death within 1 hr during untreated cases. There are many people from pacific and Indian Ocean island killed by their highly toxic venom. Each year around 1000 are stung by stone fish. The scariest part of them is they can survive without water for 24 hrs. Most of them are grey or brown colored with red, yellow and orange patches.

How to avoid

  • Don't touch any stones on the seabed.
  • Watch where you walk carefully and avoid walking on the ocean floor especially when you are near coral reef.
  • Wear water shoes with thick sole.
  • Shuffle your feet near the seabed to avoid stepping on it.

What to do

  • Don't put much pressure when you walk on the seabed, as it increases the chance of getting more venom injected into you.
  • Avoid panicking and apply first aid as soon as possible.
  • Call local emergency medical service immediately.
Stone fish

Stone fish

3. Saltwater crocodile

Saltwater crocodiles are the world's largest crocodiles and grew up to the size of 23 feet and weighs over 2200 pounds . Their average size is 17 feet and 1000 pounds. They are very aggressive and considers humans to be prey. Every year around 1000 people are killed by crocodile in which salt and Nile crocodile occupies the majority. Their biting force of 3700 pounds per square inch(psi) is the highest among all the biting force evaluated so far, even 200 psi can turn humans into steaks. They ambush their prey and drag them to water and perform death roll which will either drown us to death or tear us to piece, we can also die from blood loss. But they are not fast on land, as humans can run twice as fast as them(healthy and fit adult).

If you get caught by crocodile. It is almost game over for you, but there are some ways you can increase your survival chance.

How to avoid

  • Avoid the place where crocodile lives(tropical region) I.e., always look for warning signs and ask nearby villages before camping. Don't sit near edges in the boat.
  • Watch out for the danger zone around them, I.e., 15 m radius around their body. Don't make sudden movements and keep your guard high as much as possible. It is advisable to not go to same spot twice to get water.

What to do

  • Hug their body when you get caught, as it prevents their death roll from killing you.
  • Aim for their eyes and throat. Poke it hard as possible to prevent fast recovery.(high chance to escape since they are ambush predators who depend on eyes)
  • Scream as loud as you can(since there are instances they get scared away by it).but it will increase your chance of getting drown to death.
Saltwater Crocodile

Saltwater Crocodile

4. Hippopotamus

Hippopotamus are extremely territorial and semiaquatic mammals found in the water bodies of sub-Saharan Africa and some parts of West Africa. They grow up to the size of 16.5 feet long and 5.2 feet tall. Female hippos weights around 3000 pounds and male weigh up to 9920pounds. They move in group called schools which is made up of 10 -30 hippos and led by one dominant male. Hippos posses near bulletproof body and third-heaviest mammal on land. Their unpredictable and aggressive character despite being herbivores makes them so dangerous.i.e., they will attack any animals entering their territories or without any reason and causes around 500 to 3000 deaths per year.Hippos are capable of even killing crocodiles, so pay attention to your surroundings.

How to avoid

  • Look out for dungs and signs indicating their presence and avoid those places.
  • Stay out of shallow water if you want to go for boating.You can go for it when the water is deep.
  • Move in the opposite direction of hippos and also make them aware of your presence using sticks or any things to cause ripple on water because startled hippos are no joke.
  • Avoid their habitat during may and june(breeding season).

What to do

  • If you see the hippo open the mouth to flash its teeth or yawn, it is attempting to scare you away, So take the warning seriously.
  • Climb a tree, since hippo are not territorial on lands.
  • Don't run in straight line since they can run at 45kph and kill you very fast.
  • Run in zig zag, as they are not good at turning
  • Beware of their mating season, as all of them are even more aggressive.
Hippopotamus

Hippopotamus

5. Cape Buffalo

Cape buffalo is one of the subspecies of African buffalo and, inhabits forest, swaps of central and West Africa(found near water bodies). They can weigh up to 1800 pounds or more sometimes. Buffalo can grow to between the 6.8 to 11 feet long and 5.6 feet tall. These herbivores are very unpredictable, moody and kills more hunters than any other African species. Each year, around 200 people are killed by them.

This is the hardest one to survive as they are very aggressive and even smart enough to give feint.

How to avoid

  • Watch out for herds which is easy to spot even at long distance.
  • There are high changing of finding them near water source like lake.

What to do

  • Climb a tree and wait until the buffalo leaves(they are smart and wait for you to come down).call for help.
  • Lie down or gallop away if you see one charging; better get to your vehicle.
  • Since buffalo tend to dip their horn towards the right while charging, you can run left to avoid them(this method does not have much proof) and it should be your last choice when other fails as it can lead to your death.
  • Never go near them as they are very unpredictable.
  • If you can't find tree or any vehicle near, aim for it's brain with rifle equipped 375 H&H caliber or above and shoot after they drop head down at 15 meter distance, you can also go for their heart which is above their front shoulder(patience is key), if you miss you will die).
Cape buffalo

Cape buffalo

6. Elephants

Everyone fears this gigantic creature standing tall between 8.3 to 13 feet to shoulder and weighs around 5000-15000 pounds. Elephants are the largest land animal on the plant and are considered to be calm most time. But they can be very aggressive when it comes to few things, especially mother protecting the young calves, solitary male in musth during which the testosterone level in their body rises and the enlarged temporal gland cause immense pain. This condition can last for long time in wild ones as compared to elephants in captivity since food consumption can be be controlled to reduce their musth duration.Female elephants or cows are smaller than male

They kill around 100-500 humans per year.

Elephants are very intelligent animals and shows wide range of activities to warn people, excluding solitary male and mothers.

How to avoid

  • Watch for earth shakes which is caused by their rumbles.
  • If you see dungs with more than 50 percent undigested food it might belong to elephants and can also attract other animals.

What to do

  • Understand the difference between bluff charge(signs include ears moving back and forth, loose trunks swaying side to side, and front leg moving back and for), and
  • Real charge(signs include trunks pinned inwards, ears pinned backwards).
  • Avoid male elephants standing alone with tar-like liquids coming from the side(between eyes and ears).
  • Run in zigzag or climb strong tree
  • Hide behind something between you and elephant.
  • Threaten the elephants by making loud noise.
  • Don't carry food as it can encourage attacks.
  • They are afraid of sounds of bee hive too.
Elephants

Elephants

7. Black Rhinoceros

They are one of the two species of African rhinoceros and occupies the third position as largest among their peers. Both male and female share a height of 4.5-6 feet and 11.5 feet long. Black rhinoceros can weigh up to 2900 pounds and have a distinguishable feature compared to white rhino which is their pointed upper lips. Black rhinoceros are known to be very ill-tempered, non-tolerant towards foreign scent including humans and charge first before giving any warning. This makes them very unpredictable and dangerous to people around them. There are attack regarding black rhinoceros informed every year, but their number is still unknown.

Black rhinoceros can run up to 40 miles per hour which is higher than humans and possess powerful horns. Despite possessing so many, asserts to kill the target. They are much more avoidable compared to their competitors such as hippos and buffalo.

How to avoid

  • Rhinos have poor eyesight so they can't distinguish between people and trees at long range
  • Stand still and wear clothes similar to your surrounding to avoid being detected by them

What to do

  • Never approach a rhinoceros, especially mother with calves, and don't startle them which can make them attack you.
  • Keep being downwind(move in the direction of wind) as rhino react mostly based on scent than eyes.
  • Throw away your jacket or any items you possess since it can lure their attention towards it.
  • Stay still and move using rocks or trees as covers.
  • Run in zigzag.
  • Watch out for their bowing sign which indicates it is going to charge, if you are close dip down to evade their charge and roll away before being crushed.
Black Rhinoceros

Black Rhinoceros

8. Grizzly Bear

Grizzly bears are one of the two most dangerous bears found in North America. They have brownish fur, with a size between 5-8 feet and can weigh up to 900 pounds. Their sense of smell is said to be seven times higher than a hound dog in fact, they are said to travel several miles to search for food. Most bear encounters are due to the facts of humans possessing food in their storage which attracts bears. Around 40 people are attacked every year, and 1-2 people are killed by them. These bears are very territorial and mark the tree by rubbing them.

They are said to attack with little to no provocation, but they do exhibit a certain sign which tells their intention. Either way, it is not a wise decision to go near them, especially mother bears with her cubs.

How to avoid

  • Travel together with your companions and don't roam alone or let your children play on their own.
  • Avoid placing food near the camp where bears roam, use bear bag to store food.
  • Don't go to places where they were spot frequently even more so when winter is near, since bears go for hibernation they tend to fill their body fat reservoir.

What to do

  • Identify the species of the bear you encountered first.
  • Use bear spray which is more effective than gun, make sure you spray(effective when they are less than 3 meter) on their nose and eyes
  • Be calm and start moving quietly while trying to talk to the bear slowly.
  • Make yourself smaller, so they don't see you as a threat as they are not black bears
  • Don't attempt to outrun them(they are faster than the fastest on human on earth) or play dead
  • If you are attacked, lie with your head facing down while covering your head with hands.
Grizzly bear

Grizzly bear

9. Cassowary

These birds are territorial and aggressive, though most retreat when they see people in the wild. But for the ones in captivity, the story is entirely different. Cassowaries are found in tropical forests of south-east Asia and Australia. They have two or three red wattles on their neck and a false helmet called casque on top of their head. Cassowaries can go as tall as 6ft and weighs 132 pounds. Their powerful weapon is their leg with 5 inch claw which can cause a severe bleeding when combined with their powerful kick. More than 200 people are attacked by this bird per year, so far 2 people died in last century(ran away, fell down and exposed their body parts).

If they feel threatened, they will attack with their legs and can run up to 31mph. However, most attacks happen due to food soliciting as they are said to be raised by our ancestors 18,000 years ago.

How to avoid

  • They are typically found in the deep parts of tropical forest. Avoid going there at the start of June to October which is their mating periods and stay away from their chicks.
  • Do not try to feed them or go near them( it is also consider a crime without permit in Australia)

What to do

  • You can use some physical barrier to shield your vulnerable parts from them e.g., bags with pads or other light and hard items.
  • Keep calm and watch out for its attack, try to hide behind trees
  • You can throw food as bait, as they attack mostly for food.
  • Don't show your back while facing one, wear thick clothes.
  • Leave their territory slowly if you find one in the forest.
Southern Cassowary

Southern Cassowary

10. Deathstalker Scorpion

Death stalker is a nocturnal and extremely venomous scorpion species found in the desert of North Africa, Middle East, Central Asia and few other places. They thrive in extremely hot climatic condition (43.5°c). This scorpion is similar to stone fish, and hunt their prey by ambush using their camouflage.i.e., they wait for the prey to approach their territory and hunt them. Furthermore, they are also called Palestinian yellow scorpion due to their yellow skin.

It is hard to identity them due to their camouflage. If you get stung by them you will suffer from nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. People with heart problem and children can also suffer from heart failure and respiratory system failure. They are said to be very aggressive in captivity, so always take precaution if you want to keep them as pet. More than 3000 people die from scorpion but every year

How to avoid

  • They are mostly found under rocks, burrows where they can ambush prey easily
  • Lookout for their black colored parts near tail and body, their pincer also look different in color.
  • Don't let children play in places where they are found often.

What to do

  • Call your local emergency medical service to get treatment for Envenomation as soon as possible.
  • Wash the place stung by scorpion with water and soap.
  • Try to identify the species which stung you(you can take picture of them), as it can help you get suitable anti venom as soon as possible(there are 12 different species).
  • Apply ice pack covered by dry and clean cloth for 10 min to reduce swelling and pain, provide give CPR if necessary.
  • Remain calm and relax your body to reduce the spread of venom, since panicked people will have faster blood flow in body.

Conclusion

Despite all their aggressive and destructive nature most of these animals were hunted for their body parts, especially elephants, rhinocerous and grizzly whose population were reduced greatly in the last century. We humans have destroyed so many animal habitat and even driven several species to extinction like dodo and white rhinoceros(only two females are left). This makes us think twice to decide who is the most dangerous animals. I hope we learn more about their behaviors and avoid them in future to prevent destruction on both sides.

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