It is difficult to answer this question because many separate purebreds are not yet recognized. Various international kennel clubs or other breed registration clubs need to identify more breeds. Many breeds are present in this world, ranging from toy poodles to greyhounds. Some of them are listed by kennel clubs, while others are not. Every new dog breed was bred and adapted to the environment over a period ranging from physical appearance to temperament.
Dog Breeds in The World
There are around 350 breeds of dogs recognized by the AKC(American Kennel Club), out of which only 195 dog breeds are acknowledged. These dog breeds are classified based on their characteristics, size, working ability, and appearance.
Seven Groups of Dogs
American Kennel Club is an organization that recognizes every dog breed and divides them into seven different groups. These groups include Toy, Herding, Sporting, Non-Sporting, Working, Terrier, and Hound. A variety of dogs are divided based on their characteristics and working abilities.
Toy breeds may be small in size but not lacking in qualities! These breeds are friendly, affectionate, and adaptable to any lifestyle.
This dog group includes all teeny tiny dogs, which stay small in their entire life. These dogs are very attentive and affectionate that cannot remain alone. Never underestimate them by their small size or attractive appearance. They are intelligent, full of energy, and possess strong protection instincts. They are considered lap dogs and great for small apartments.
Some Examples of Dogs Come Under Toy Group-
Biewer Terrier, Chihuahua, Havanese, Maltese, Papillon, Pomeranian, Poodle, Pug, Shih Tzu, Silky Terrier, Yorkshire Terrier.
The herding dog group mainly includes dogs developed for moving livestock, like sheep, cattle, and reindeers. All Herding breeds have the ability of instinct to direct the pathways of other animals. Herding and gathering sheep or other animals was the only purpose of the herding group. But now, dogs like German Shepherd and Belgian Malinois are used for Police or security purposes.
The instinct to herd in this breed is powerful that Herding breeds are known for conveniently chasing or herding the children in the family. They are generally intelligent dogs that are perfect companions and responsive to exercise.
Some Examples of Dogs Come Under Herding Group-
Australian Cattle Dog, Australian Shepherd, Bearded Collie, Belgian Sheepdog, Border Collie, German Shepherd.
The sporting group includes breeds to assist hunters in the capture and for the games. Active and alert Sports dogs are likable and well-rounded pets. The breed was known to work with hunters to find or recover their hunt. There are four main breeds of Sporting dogs, Spaniels, Pointers, Retrievers, and Setters.
The breed is remarkable for its superior ability to handle water and woods. The majority of these breeds love hunting as well as other outdoor activities. Many of them, particularly the dogs that hunt, have highly-insulated coats of water repellent that are very resistant to elements. They generally require regular, intense exercise.
Some Examples of Dogs Come Under Sporting Group-
American Water Spaniel, Boykin Spaniel, Brittany, Cocker Spaniel, English Cocker Spaniel, Golden Retriever, Labrador Retriever, Pointer.
Non-Sporting dogs consist of a wide range of breeds with different dimensions of coats, qualities, and overall appearances. They have variability in their general background, hence listed in this category. The dogs in the non-sporting dog group are excellent at interacting with people.
From the strong Chow Chow to the compact French Bulldog and the foxlike Keeshond, the distinctions in their characteristics can be huge. The majority of them are excellent watchdogs as well as household dogs.
Some Examples of Dogs Come Under Non-Sporting Group-
American Eskimo Dog, Bichon Frise, Boston Terrier, Bulldog, Chow Chow, Finnish Spitz, French Bulldog, Keeshond, Lhasa Apso, Poodle(Miniature), Poodle (Standard), Tibetan Spaniel, Tibetan Terrier.
These breeds are working dogs, from pulling carts to guarding fields and homes to protecting their families. Easy to master, the dogs from those of the Working Group are intelligent, robust, vigilant, and active. They aid humans for different purposes. These dogs excel in the tasks like guarding properties, pulling sleds, and conducting water rescues.
Dogs like Bullmastiff, Siberian Huskies, and Great Danes are part of the working group. Certain breeds of the Working Group may not be perfect for a new dog owner.
Some Examples of Dogs Come Under Working Group-
Akita, Alaskan Malamute, Bernese Mountain Dog, Black Russian Terrier, Boxer, Bullmastiff, Chinook, Doberman Pinscher, German Pinscher, Great Dane, Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, Mastiff, Rotweiller, Saint Bernard, Siberian Husky, Tibetan Mastiff.
These are short-legged dogs that are pretty active and intelligent. They are spirited and enthusiastic when talking about the characteristics of Terriers. Their unique eagerness can make you in love with these dogs. They are bred for hunting, killing vermin, and defending their barn or home.
Sizes range from small, such as their smaller cousins, the Norfolk, Cairn, or West Highland White Terrier, to the bigger and more grand Airedale Terrier. Anyone considering a pet should be aware that terriers make excellent pets. However, they require a commitment from the owner since they are a little stubborn. Possess high energy levels and require specific cleaning known by the term stripping in order to keep a distinctive appearance.
Some Examples of Dogs Come Under Terrier Group-
Australian Terrier, Border Terrier, Bull Terrier, Irish Terrier, Manchester Terrier, Miniature Bull Terrier, Norwich Terrier, Scottish Terrier, Skye Terrier.
These breeds chase warm-blooded hunters, including deer, fish, rabbits, and birds. A majority of hounds have the heritage of being hunted.
Certain breeds utilize acute smelling capabilities to track paths. Others display the incredible feat of endurance as they continually chase down the prey. Beyond that, these dogs are difficult to find, as the Group is very diverse.
Some Examples of Dogs Come Under Hound Group-
Afghan Hound, American Foxhound, Basenji, Beagle, Bloodhound, Bluetick Coonhound, Dachshund, English Foxhound, Greyhound, Harrier.
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