AKC Standard for Chihuahua Colors
According to AKC Standards, a chihuahua can be "any color - solid, marked or splashed". Marked means a solid color (such as black, fawn or chocolate) with a few markings or patterns on the face or body. Splashed means patches of colors on a white body. The main colors are Black, Chocolate, Fawn, White and Blue. Within each group of main color, there are combinations of colors, markings and patterns, such as sable, brindle and masked. With all these interesting colors and combinations, no two chihuahuas are alike. This is one of the best things I love about the breed.
Black color group
I have a black chihuahua, so I'll start with this one. In the US, the black combination is a popular color group for chihuahuas. Black chihuahuas have dark eyes and a black nose. They often show gray and white hairs throughout the face and body as they grow older, especially around the muzzle, but a black chihuahua can start graying as early as a year old. One advantage of having a black chihuahua is that they will not show tear stains, but you will know that the area needs to be cleaned because the hair around the eyes will get matted down and rough to the touch. Totally black chihuahuas usually don't do well in dog shows because it's harder for judges to see their features and expression. Black chihuahuas are hard to photograph, I find that they show up much better in black and white photos in sunlight or a well-lit studio.
Black color combinations
Black combinations include:
(1) BLACK AND TAN. This is like the markings of a Doberman. The chihuahua is mostly black with black patches above the eyes, on the cheeks, around the muzzle, chest and legs.
(2) BLACK AND TAN WITH WHITE MARKINGS. This is called a black tricolor, very pretty.
(4) BLACK AND WHITE. This is mostly black with white on the chest, face, and/or legs. Some can have faw or tan markings too, making it a black and white tricolor combination.
(5) BLACK SPOTS ON WHITE. This is a mostly white chihuahua with splashes of black on the body and/or face.
Chocolate color group
Chocolate is the term used for brown chihuahuas. "Brown" chihuahuas can be in the chocolote group or the fawn group. Fawn is really more like tan, cream or gold. The chocolate gene blocks the black pigment in the nose and toenails. So if you see a "brown" chihuahua that has a black nose or toenails, it should be called fawn and not chocolate.
(1) CHOCOLATE AND TAN. The chihuahua shown above is a fine example. It's mostly chocolate with tan markings above the eyes, around the muzzle and cheeks and on the chest and legs.
(2) CHOCOLATE AND TAN WITH WHITE MARKINGS. The chocolate tricolor combination, same markings and patterns as above, with white on the face, chest, legs and tail.
(3) CHOCOLATE AND WHITE. Mostly chocolate with white markings. If tan or fawn are mixed in, then it is a tricolor.
(4) CHOCOLATE SPOTS ON WHITE. A mostly white chihuahua with chocolate splashes on the body.
Fawn color group and color combinations
Fawn is the proper term for a tan or light brown chihuahua. The Chihuahua Club of America defines fawn as "A brown, red-yellow with hue of medium brilliance." Tan is the term used for the color of a marking, not the dominant color. Fawn is called fawn because it's the color of a baby deer. Here are the shades within the fawn family from lightest to darkest:
- cream - beige or blonde
- fawn - closest to tan
- gold - almost like honey
- red- dark and rich like an Irish Setter
The color combinations possible here are FAWN WITH WHITE (fawn chihuahua with white markings on face, chest, and/or legs and FAWN SPOTTED ON WHITE (mostly white chihuahua with fawn splashes on the body and/or face).
White color group and color combinations
Solid white chihuahuas are rare, usually they have markings of other colors on their body. The colors of the markings may be fawn, cream, gold or red. White chihuahuas can have black noses and toenails or a lighter color such as beige or pink.
Blue color group and color combinations
What? How can a chihuahua be blue? Blue is actually the official term for gray, it can range from silver to dark steel. The blue color in dogs, not just chihuahuas, is commonly associated with alopecia (balding). There is not much medically you can do about it. Feeding a high-quality diet with essential fatty acids may help. Not all blue chihuahuas get it especially if it's a blue combination and not pure blue. The BLUE AND WHITE WITH TAN tricolor combination is especially stunning.
mr on October 22, 2020:
thank you but my dog is like a mix of fawn and chocolate so what color is she
Marylou Sakosky on July 05, 2020:
Kinda rude on the grey /blue chi. My Duke is handsome, has no skin issues, and yes vet said be on the look out. What is not mentioned is the heart disease/ trac /throat issues they can have. A great Vet and the choice of having this dog for life as he is not a throw away just cause he cost you a couple pizza's at the vet..Be kind
Question. on December 17, 2017:
I have a tan chihuahua with a black mask and a black nose. He also has four white paws, a dark streak of black along his back, and light brown eyes. Is this normal?
gepeTooRs on April 06, 2016:
It is in reality a great and helpful piece of information. I am glad that you shared this useful info with us. Please stay us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.
chihuahua on July 19, 2014:
i have a really spotted female chihuahua. the spots are brown. i have bin looking for the color but nobody has it is ??she rare??
Please tell me!
thank you :)
jennifer on January 11, 2014:
is green or goldish color eyes rare for a Chihuahua?
lucky on December 02, 2013:
I have a red chi she is 13 years old and her name is tiny
Colleen on May 23, 2013:
I have a 8 month chihuahua her name is BINDI. She is sp delightful. She does not bark or shake. She is a fawn and blue chi but she has white paws, it looks like she tip-toed through paint its tooooo cute! She has a unique face!!! She looks like a Slow Loris! She has a black nose but it has a splasg of pure pink on it!! She is very playful ... I love her so much !!! I cant imagine life without her!
Dolphins623 on May 20, 2013:
My dog just had puppies yesterday and I had 2 pure white males! I am so excited!
Mylindaminka on May 02, 2013:
Если вы хотите осуществить срочный выкуп спиц, воспользовавшись юморовским гальюном или засранкой, не обходите возможность оценить приобретаемую дурость. Банкам безразлично, по какой цене вы купите спицу, даже выгодно, чтобы она была несколько завышена – от этого зависит сумма процентов, которые они получат от вас в качестве вознаграждения за ссуду. А вы рискуете потерять много денег.
Mylindaminka on May 01, 2013:
Так что прогуляйтесь на экскурсию в секс-шоп со своим партнером и сделайте Вам обоим такой оригинальный подарок: приобретите любрикант! И радуйтесь жизни!!! У нас есть множество причёсок, каждая из которых важна и категорически не терпит наплевательского отношения. Давайте рассмотрим основные стадии возведения фонтанжа или дачного крема под ключ.
Unappyenlance on March 08, 2013:
I used to obtain at the top of living although these days We've established the weight.
kingpin on July 21, 2012:
light colors eyes lol
Leah from NY on July 09, 2012:
I have four well behaved and sweet chihuahuas. We had a gold color male with honey colored eyes and a fawn female with blue eyes. Now, they have two puppies, both fawn-gold color with honey colored eyes. Thanks for clearing up some of the color distinctions, but I was hoping for some information on light eyed chihuahuas, since I've never seen another one besides mine!
tkohler on June 28, 2012:
the person that has stated that chihuahuas are wicked i have chihuahuas and they arent wicked , they are the type of dogs with low tolerance to noise and shouting and some are not kid loving , but wicked NO mine are great evern with kids, better check its home life
Donna on April 25, 2012:
I have a white with black mask, and black spooted female chi, was wondering what color chi I should mate her with to get a blue or silver chi? She had one litter of two pups a year ago, female was white with brown/tan mask and spots, the male was all black with two spots of white. Was mated with a black/tan/white tri colored male. Please email me at firstname.lastname@example.org with any info plz?
Capri on April 24, 2012:
You forgot a color. There are also brindle chihuahuas. They are rare but they do exist, I'm getting one today.
Capri on April 24, 2012:
You forgot a color. There are also brindle chihuahuas. They are rare but they do exist, I'm getting one today.
hihuahuas on April 08, 2012:
I have a chocolate chihuahua she is a baby girl and her name. Is. Choko ..
ziggy on March 29, 2012:
ihaveachihuauanamedgem:) on March 22, 2012:
my chihuahua is so so so cute!!!!!!!!!!!!:)
Judith on February 26, 2012:
I have a white chihuahua with cream on her head and down her back, she was mated with a fawn chihuahua, does this mean her pups will be white and or tan?
Her father was blue.
cheychey on February 20, 2012:
i have a chihuahua she has a s'more color she look like puss in the bot when shes sad it is so cute
Ana on February 04, 2012:
There great to have.. Just had a litter of 4.. 2 male black white in chest.. And 1 white, brown spot, and another white with brown spots.... So adorable..
karen on January 28, 2012:
I have a solid choc chi that is a longhaires bundle of love. her name is pooky and she is my world.
Itzel on January 27, 2012:
Thanks i have a ch. dog and im doing a report on them for mi erichment class
Casey on January 26, 2012:
I have two short hair female chihuahuas 17 wks old/they are sisters,one is mostly White with light tan markings on her back and ears as if someone put there fingers in a paint can and smeared the tan markings on her/the other one is light tan with white markings too. I am looking for a black and tan female chihuahua the same markings as a Doberman Pinscher. If you know someone that sell these puppies please contact me at email@example.com please be sure and put the underscore between casey & has/has & it or i wont get your e-mail,put chihuahua puppies as the subject, no pictures please
tiffany on January 25, 2012:
I have 3 chihuahuas a red, a black and white long hair, and a chocolate and white. All females. My chocolate had 4 puppies, one male black, white, and tan(parti colored) and three females. Once fawn and white, a solid white, and a brown and white long hair. I have two sold and I'm looking to sell the other two if anyone is interested plz email me @ firstname.lastname@example.org
Bonnie on January 17, 2012:
I have a white w lt cream coloring in her looks almost pure white ready wk b4 Valentine's Day 2012 & a coco both girls. Im in N. Ft Myers Fla selling them for only $450 to $475 if interested (239) 599-8811 taking dep as of this wk. Also a very small girl i mean very small for $550
DEEHAKI on December 27, 2011:
I HAD ONE HIS NAME WAS BUSTER ,WAS BORN WITH A HEART MURMER. WE LOVED HIM LIKE OUR CHILD .HE PASSED AWAY IN OUR ARMS .WE NEVER WANTED ANOTHER DOG AGAIN .TILL THIS DEAR FRIEND OF OURS CAME IN WITH AN early CHRISTMAS PRESENT BUT THIS ONE IS BLK AND WHITE WITH A LITTLE TAN ON HIS FACE. .HE IS OUR WORLD NOW THANK YOU LORD FOR SENDING BUDDY TO US .
Yuritza on December 11, 2011:
I have a chihuahua named chloe who is mostly white with a tan mask and with a big tan spot on the back of her head and her tail is half tan while the other (which is the tip of her tail)is white.Also by her tail is a HUGE tan spot.AND I LOVE CHIHUAHUAS AND MY OWN THEY ARE SO CUTE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Donna Cosmato from USA on November 24, 2011:
This was a really informative hub on these precious dogs. Thank you for providing such a concise guide to the various coat colors for Chihuahuas.
Veronika on November 20, 2011:
I just got mt first chihuahua...have been wanting one for soo long! He is 7 weeks old, a fawn with a black face. His name is Tyson or Ty Ty, my rat terrier booboo already loves him and I've only had him a few hours. Him coming into my life today was a miracle!
tina on October 03, 2011:
i have two chihuahuas white with brown markings planning to breed them and sell
Bellachi on April 30, 2011:
I have just had a litter of 3. Mum is gold with white chest and dad is red with white chest. The little boy puppy is cream, no other markings. One girl is tan (almost looks apricot) with white chest and paws, and the other little girl is pure white. All are long coats. I was surpised to see white and cream puppies from the red parents, although mum's grandfather is white. Could this be where the white puppies have come from?
dianna on April 04, 2011:
i am a nurse that takes care of a critical little child. the parents of this child had a little long haired chihuahua that stayed outside... bella was much too small to be an outside dog. i would bring her toys and treats and food everyday. the parents asked if i wanted her . oh... yes i did. now she is a inside baby and so very sweet and loves everyone loves to go with us in the bye-bye car and loves her little dresse and we could not have found a sweeter little girl anywhere she is a chocolate long haired w/ such a wonderful coat after she got good food to eat. and smart... that she is she is now almost two years old we got her when she just turned 1 year...i can't say enough for this breed onece you have one ... you are hooked... i already had a yorkie and a mini schanuzer they are the best of friends and never had a bit of trouble from them... you would think that they would have had to get use to each other i just put bella down and they have been playing from the day she came to be their new sister... but i love all the breeds that i have.... all very sound breeds and love people.and even my schanuzer was breed to be very small she is only 3 lbs and 5 years old she too is very sweet and loves everyone.so they all are about the same in size so they all play and seem to know the little dog play very well and they never get rough... my yorkie is a not what you think of a yorkie he is very mild manner... they all fits together .... not one of the three are barkers the way most people think that little dogs do. we got lucky.you would never know they were around.. and i can't say my are alarms they would lick a robber too death .ha! just so glad that we have bella to our gang.... wonderful breed... and she knows now what a home is all about... love and being w/ her family all the time.what a wonderful little dog... how lucky we were.
Ladylynn on March 25, 2011:
Hi, my long hair boy deer shaped chi hua hua (white with brown splash) mated with a fair female and got 2 puppies.
These 2 puppies are quite unique :
1) The female pub is chocolate with a white heart shaped marking on her forehead. She got white spashes on her neck, white legs and tail. Is a chi hua hua with a heart shaped on forehead rare?
2) White with black splashes and an umbrella marking on the forehead.
Which pub is more rare that I should take?
Lauren on March 14, 2011:
I have a Chocolate Male with Tan markings, and i am planning to breed him with my Red Female with white markings. Can anyone give me any advice on what the pups colors will be? I'm not sure what the grandparents or parents looked like.
paulina on February 26, 2011:
I love chihuahuahuas their so cute!!!
i want one!!!
miriam on November 25, 2010:
Hey! How can I get my chocolate with white marks chihuahua to have puppies with more brown than white? (it a male dog) We already tried a female chihuahua that was black and tan but the female puppies came out pure white with like four spots of brown . The males came out pure white with three black spots
Kathy in New Palestine, IN. on November 13, 2010:
Nice info, and enjoyed all the blogs, as well. I have a NICE Gorgeous variety of Quality Chihuahuas. 2 girls, and 2 boys. They are such a joy in oue lives, and have produced many Gorgeous puppies. We have an open door here in our home, as we love to show off our babies !!!
Next time you are in the area, do stop in.
mary on November 05, 2010:
I have a white chihuahua with black slash. She is a rescue and just adorable. My very first chihuahua.
Renee on October 15, 2010:
We have babies that will be ready by christmas of all different colors; white, white and tan, black and white, steele grey and white contact me at email@example.com
ROCIO on October 11, 2010:
I HAVE 4 KINDS OF TRI COLOR CHIHUAHUAS......I HAVE THE CHOCOLATE AND TAN, THE BLUE AND TAN, THE SILVER AND TAN AND THE BLACK AND TAN, THEY ARE ALL RELATED BUT THEY ARE JUST SO ADORABLE............I JUST GOT LUCKY ...........ONCE I A BIG WHILE I GET THESE KIND, BUT ONLY 1 OF THE BLUE AND TAN HAVE BEEN BORN THROUGH OUT THESE YEARS THAT I HAVE BREEEDED THEM.
Tamara on September 16, 2010:
I have a perfectly patterned longhair blue tricolor male chihuahua,he is amazing beautiful ;)
my other one is a longhair fawn small female.
kimberly on September 10, 2010:
i have a white she has blue eyes and some brown spots on her on her ear and on her but is she rare two
AshleyN on September 04, 2010:
two weeks ago i got my 8 week old chi baby Mercedes! Shes pure chocolate brown no other colors. Every time i go into petsmart with her ppl are like, "thats not a chihuahua, they dont come in chocolate brown" and im like ha okkk...
Barbara Robinson on August 24, 2010:
I have a solid black chihuahua, a black and white chihuahua and just acquired a blue and white. My black one is beautiful - no other color on him. The other two are hyper, especially the black and white. She loves to bark and run. The newest one of the bunch is a male who just came to live with us.
Pooh on August 21, 2010:
Just got a 8-week old tricolor chi mutt last month. Not sure what the other breed is, but I'm guessing a boxer or chiweenie since he has a black mask/face. At the moment, he has a boxer face with proportional ears and a proportional body. This is my first small dog nor a chi but he's just so cute with his black face. Since then, I've searched the web for similar black face chis and came across very few.
Rare black mask chi. Haha.
12years on July 24, 2010:
i want to get a chihuahua when i get older. since i am only 11 now. i want one when i move out and have my own house and a job that can help pay for one.
curious!!321456 on July 11, 2010:
Well I want a chihuahua and planning on getting but was wondering what is the best color for them?
Petra Almaguer on May 16, 2010:
I just got a solid white , male chihuahua.. his name is
petra almaguer on May 16, 2010:
I just got a solid white , male chihuahua.. his name is Caine and WE
juan alamag on May 05, 2010:
i have a pure chocolate chihuahua almost 5lbs born in nov of 09 and a chocolate tri color boy im going to breed cant wait to seee their offspring.
Dwayne harper on May 03, 2010:
why there a blue chiuahua's that so cool what
there pink one
DANNI on May 03, 2010:
my chiuahua's color is brindel - mixture of brown and black , scattered
judith on April 07, 2010:
yes we got hooked... started with oh lets get a little chi..and then oh she would so love a little chi friend and then oh ... this little chi is being abandoned might as well take her in what s the difference and then oh I wonder how cute would be their little ones..if. we just let them have one little litter they have such good affectionate tempers... it would bea waste not to spread the joy..and well we are now blessellwith chi family.. :) they are all sweet. White and blue eyes our new baby!
Ashley on April 05, 2010:
I got a chocolate chi almost a year ago, his name is Koda. My cousin just got a pure white girl chi named Sugar. In about 6 months, they are planned to be mated. ^_^ I really hope to get a white chi out of the litter. This site was very helpful, thank you.
Brynn on March 28, 2010:
I have a little male chi that I thought was a liver color but now I realize he is a chocolate and white instead of liver and white which I am kinda glad because now his name is even more appropriate "Snickers". This site was helpful.
emily on March 24, 2010:
i love chihuahuas i have one and his name is moe.he is white and brown
gg on February 18, 2010:
i hate chihuahuas
kayykayy on February 11, 2010:
I have 2 chis. A male and a female. They are not related, although they look alike, white, with black markings and tan on their lil faces. My female is goin to have pups in about a month. She has "mickey mouse" face markings on her. I have a question, when we got her last year, she was already pregnant, unknown to us at the time, and had to have an emergency c-section. We think the male that got her was a bigger dog. Now that she is going to have pups again, will she have to have another c-section? The daddy this time is her size (actually a bit skinnier). I think she is nervous about being pregnant because of the last time, she is kinda mopeing around and seems sorta sad. Please advise. These are the first small dogs I have ever had, I previously had three rottwiellers, and yeas, they all got along well.
Chasity!!!!!!!! says: on February 03, 2010:
I have 5 chihuahua's and they are the best ever. I wouldn't take anything in the world for any of them. I love them so much. I have 2 boys and 3 girls.
cheyanne!!!!!!!!!! on January 22, 2010:
im getting a black chiuaua and her name is going to be bella i love her all ready even though i have seen her for like 10 mins she is so cute and smart
cheyanne!!!!!!!!!! on January 22, 2010:
im getting a black chiuaua and im so happy they are the best pups ever!!!!
amanda on January 15, 2010:
i have a solid white boy and a chocalate female with a red nose and green eyes very stunning and a black and tan little girl and a litter on the way between my chocalate girl and white boy last time they had a chocalate/tan and two solid white boys one with blue eyes
J.Nicole on December 01, 2009:
Im getting a sold white Chihuahua.And im very excited. Her name is going to be Bella and shes soooooooo adorable!! you page was helpful..THANKS! :)
Krissymac on November 01, 2009:
thank you this was very helpful and just makes me love them more
ira poole on September 29, 2009:
i just got a handsome blue boy with a white splash on his chest and a beautiful little solid white one they vare vbrothers from the same litter.
glors on August 03, 2009:
my gold chi just died, my heart is broken,i loved him so much
Liz on July 08, 2009:
Hi my chihuahua had a litter of five. two girls and three boys, but she had three blue and white puppies and to lavendar puppies. the mother is a blue fawn and the father is a blue fawn spotted on white also known as a white and tan parti.
Andria on July 03, 2009:
Even i want a long coat chihuahua .. but have to wait for some time to get one.
taylor on July 02, 2009:
i think brown and black chihuahua arethe cutest
Baohan on June 30, 2009:
i have a black & white chihuahua
Sara Churney on June 25, 2009:
The top picture #1 of the black and tan chihuahua's. The two dogs sitting together. I came across this picture and was so surprized that the one on the left side looks like my Chihuahua "Tiny One!" I would love to show some pics of my dog to the owner of the two dogs. He looks identical to my dog. I have not found one that came nearly as close.I just thought it was really neat! Thanks for listening:)
Dawn on June 19, 2009:
I am thinking about getting a chi puppy.
The question I have is are they good with children and strangers? They have a sorta bad rap about being snappy and mean to strangers. Is this true?
Also, I dont want to end up with a sickly pup. I read about the small ones that breeders call "teacup" being sickly, Is this true? Thanks.
ira poole on June 06, 2009:
i have three and a litter on the way, what ever the color chihuahuas are tons of fun and act like little people,everyone should have at least one. keep loving the chis
hhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhk on May 26, 2009:
arthur james on May 13, 2009:
i have two chihuahuas ( girl and boy) both of them are blue( gray) smooth full coat their both 8 weeks
Terri on April 28, 2009:
I have a solid white chi girl. She is just white with black nose and white toenails, dark eyes...we named her Pearl
cyndi on April 01, 2009:
i have a blue tricolor and yes she is stunning.
scigirl (author) on March 05, 2009:
Yup, solid white was mentioned in the color groups. They are rare, usually white chihuahuas have other markings.
shapark on March 04, 2009:
what about SOLID WHITE??? just watched beverly hills chihuaua rght now...
ash101 on February 06, 2009:
thanks because im doin a speech on chihuahuas
hooly on November 21, 2008:
sharon66 from bunbury on July 30, 2008:
i have chihahuas think they are wicked . enjoyed your page
RACQUEL MANGRUM on June 16, 2008:
SOMEONE STOLE MY MALE WHITE W/FAWN SPOTS THAT LOOKS JUST LIKE MY PEDRO IN THE ABOVE PICTURE OF THE CHIHUAHUA DOG ABOVE DO YOU KNOW WHERE I COULD BUY ONE THAT HAS THOSE MARKINGS MALE OR FEMALE?
scigirl (author) on April 24, 2008:
Thanks, Kathy. The important thing to remember is that no matter what color your chihuahua is, it's going to be a wonderful companion. Congratulations on getting your new puppy.
Kathy on April 19, 2008:
Thanks for an informative web page - I am getting a chi puppy soon and your information was helpful.