hglick has been rescuing and placing stray cats for over 20 years and has personally fostered more than 10 rescues .
Cat eye discharge and it's treatment can be very simple If you follow some simple steps. If you see your cat rubbing her face on a sofa or a wall, trying to paw her eyes, in most cases, you can suspect that something is bothering her. Usually, your feline friend's eyes are bright, clear, and have a starry sparkle. However, sometimes, you may see your cat losing that spark in her eyes and some disturbance in her behavior too. That irritated behavior should grab your attention to examine if your cat has gunky eyes or a discharge. If you see your cat's eyes have a discharge, that might not be an alarming condition because that is a usual ailment in felines, maybe due to the common cold. But can this eye gunk or eye discharge become a severe health issue for your cat? Scroll below to learn about all the common causes of eye discharges, what they indicate, and their cure when they start to bother your furbaby;
Causes of cat eye discharge
Eye discharges can be very disturbing for your feline friend, transforming them into entirely different cats blinking excessively, pawing, and squinting. You must know the common causes of cat eye discharges to overcome the grounds and keeping your pet healthy and happy. Some common causes of eye discharge in cats are described below;
Conjunctiva is a pink lining around the cat eye, called conjunctivitis or pink eye when it becomes inflamed. As the name indicates, the eyes seem to be inflamed, either one or both, they become sensitive to light, and the eye discharge, in this case, is thick, clear, and teary. Conjunctivitis can become fatal when accompanied by fever and other symptoms like diarrhea and difficult breathing, as in infectious peritonitis.
Infections of the upper respiratory system of cats
Some viral infections of cats that affect the upper respiratory system include feline calicivirus and pneumonitis caused by herpesvirus. Some other possible causes of eye discharge are bacterial infections and protozoal respiratory infections. All the conditions above are frequently involved in the eye discharges of cats. Sometimes the symptoms become severe, and one of the symptoms can be a discharge of sticky and pus-like consistency.
Disorders involving cornea
The cornea is a structure of a cat's eye present on the eye surface. It can become ulcerated, injured, or inflamed, resulting in excessive production of tears, cloudiness, inflammation, and increased blinking.
Epiphora is a term that describes tearing, watery eyes. This happens when the tear ducts are blocked, which leads to excessive tear production, allergies, conjunctivitis due to viral infection, and many other possible reasons behind the excessive tear formation.
Keratoconjunctivitis (dry eye)
In keratoconjunctivitis, the eyes are dried up, causing lack of tear formation leading to inflammation of cornea, redness, and blindness if did not treat on time. Lack of water formation from the eyes results in discharge that is thick, yellow, and gooey.
Cat allergies are much more common. Your cat may be allergic to something in the environment or any medicine. Your veterinarian may perform a complete examination of your pet and suggest to you the cause of the allergy. Most cats are allergic to:
- Anti-Flea products
- Washing products
Some other possible causes of eye discharges in felines are;
- Problems of the third eyelid
- Lodged eyes with something
As a rule of thumb, if you see a clear mucus discharge from the eyes, it indicates a viral infection. In that case, wait for two to three weeks to see if it clears up automatically or not.
If the discharge from your furry fellow's eyes is greenish or yellow, your vet can suspect a bacterial infection. The vet will prescribe you some antibiotic eye drops as a treatment or an ointment for bacterial infections.
Signs and symptoms
- Squinting, winking, itching, Rubbing
- Herpes-like lesions
- Third eyelid inflammation
- Brown, yellow, green, or clear eye discharge
- Cherry mucous membranes
- Weight loss
- Pus in tear ducts
- Dry eyes
- Eye eruption
Treating A Cat Eye Infection at Home
How can you treat cat eye discharge at home?
Your priority should be to keep your cat healthy to avoid such circumstances where both you and your cat become uncomfortable. The first and essential step is to vaccinate your feline with the yearly doses and avoid overcrowding with other kittens. Moreover, maintain a frequent check on your furbaby's eyes, look for redness, change in shape or color, cloudiness, and light sensitivity.
If your cat has excessive eye discharge, there are steps that you can take at home before you reach out to the vet.
Distilled water rinse
- At your home, grab a cotton ball bag, and follow these steps;
- Using a fresh cotton ball, dip it into water.
- Starting from the corner of the eyes outward, wipe all the discharge away. Make sure you do it gently.
- Avoid using any washes or over-the-counter drops unless prescribed by the veterinarian.
- Repeat the process daily two to three times at least.
- Observe for any other signs of disease in your cat.
Homemade cleaning solution
- Take a cup of lukewarm and mix half a tablespoon of salt in it.
- Take a piece of gauze and soak it in the solution. Squeeze 2-3 drops of solution in the cat's eye by using the gauze.
- Remove the crests and wipe the edges of eyelids.
- Wiping the edges will reduce the chance of tear canal blockage.
- Take compresses soaked in hot water.
- Place them on your cat's eyes for few minutes 3-4 times a day.
- This helps by reducing inflammation and heals tear canal blockage.
- By applying this method, the cat will feel at ease.
- Take two tablespoons of honey and mix it in two tablespoons of sterile or distilled water.
- Thoroughly mix the solution.
- Add 2-3 drops twice or thrice in the infected eye.
- Honey helps to lessen irritation and swelling.
- Take 2-3 drops of Oregon grapes tincture and add it in half an ounce of sterile or distilled water.
- Mix them thoroughly.
- Add 2-3 drops of this solution two times a day.
The outcome of the Treatment
Cat-eye discharge can be hazardous if left untreated. It can develop into a severe eye infection, and if the condition worsens can cause loss of an eye. Home remedies can prove very beneficial if there is a mild eye problem. The home treatments described above can help reduce swelling, inflammation, redness, pain, and dryness. Oregon grapes also have anti-bacterial properties.
Besides all their effects, home remedies have only limited use. If above mentioned all treatments fall to provide relief to the cat, then consult with a veterinarian for proper treatment. A veterinarian may suggest some OTC drugs for the treatment of eye discharge. Moreover, use the OTC medicines available in the home with the recommendation of the vet. Remember, the wrong treatment can cause more harm than good.
Cat-eye discharge can cause some underlying problems. It could be any viral or bacterial infection. It could be an allergen, third eyelid problem, or trauma. Assessing the condition of your cat or pet is very important for you. Moreover, selecting the home treatment is also very much important. Do consult with the vet for the correct understanding of the cat's condition and better treatment options.