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Canine parvo viral enteritis, fluid replace therapy and the Immune system

Result of parvo and distemper test kit.

Result of parvo and distemper test kit.

Canine parvo viral enteritis is one of the deadliest canine diseases. The virus has proven to be a threat to our canine pets especially dogs. It is so much so a threat that at times some dogs still come down with the disease even after receiving the 3rd booster parvo vaccination dose. Consequently, some Veterinarians recommend 4th or even 5th booster doses. The heartbreak of the disease management is not only about the cost but also the threat which it poses to the life of our pets.

One of the major clinical signs of the disease is vomiting and watery stool which can be bloody. It is one of the major characteristics of the disease which can cause rapid dehydration of the patient and can lead to death. That is why it is claimed that fluid replacement is an important aspect in the management of the disease. The importance of fluid replacement therapy has been overemphasized that some people and even some veterinarians think it is the first line in the survival of parvo disease. There is no doubt that fluid replacement therapy is important in parvo management but we are aware that the option of life or death does not depend on how perfectly fluid replacement is maintained or done. If it is then much of the survival of patients would be under our control. It is a fact that even under the best care and management some patients are still lost.

An about 3 months old dog tested positive for canine parvo viral enteritis but he made a very quick recovery even without fluid replacement therapy. He had been vaccinated twice but he came down with the virus before the 3rd booster dose could be given. The patient was only quiet the first day but by the 2nd day he was already trying to play despite that he still vomited. But by the 3rd day he only stool once and stopped vomiting. Later the same day, at night, he could eat a little but by the 4th day he was bouncing all over, playing and eating.

I have successfully managed over 80 percent of parvo cases without fluid replacement and he is one of them. Even when there is need for fluid replacement there is also need to watch the dehydration level of the patient among others. That is why under maximum care patient’s vital parameters are under constant check along with other laboratory test to study the blood profile among others.

There is a case of a patient that dead despite that it only stool once and vomited twice until about the 4th day when it dead just like that. It then means that death is more of a result of internal damage caused by the virus rather than dehydration alone. We know that it is the duty of the host immune system to fight the virus and prevent it from causing maximum damage to the host. It is a prove that the immune system has a great role to play in the survival of the patient.

That is why giving an apparently healthy patients supplements and foods that will booster the immune system and build blood cells is an advantage which will help to prepare the host against viral infections. It is most likely the reason why some patients make rapid and surprising recovery while others do not survive the ordeal caused by the virus.

A parvo patient after 3 days of treatment.

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A parvo patient afrer 3 days of treatment part 2

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. It is not meant to substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, or formal and individualized advice from a veterinary medical professional. Animals exhibiting signs and symptoms of distress should be seen by a veterinarian immediately.

© 2021 davidkaluge

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