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Can dogs protect us against a fall season predatory bear attack?

"Troubled Waters" Bear and Dogs by Tom Mansanarez - Artist Proof Edition

"Troubled Waters" Bear and Dogs by Tom Mansanarez - Artist Proof Edition

"I was yelling hard and waving my hands as I was backing up. I never wanted to 'turtle' and knew I had to fight. I'm not sure how I ended up on the ground … but I remember [the bear] swatting at me. I just started kicking at her while I was on my back”, said Roberts who was attacked by an angry mama bear while he was running, along with his dog, a border collie named Pacer, on a trail in Forest of the World Provincial Park in British Columbia.

Roberts says Pacer managed to momentarily distract the bear by barking and biting it. That gave him just enough time to scramble behind some bushes.

But then the bear charged for a second time.

"I remember thinking, 'Really? She's coming again? This is not good.'"

So the bear was on Roberts, but Pacer returned and was now on the bear again, this time managing to lead it down the trail away from Roberts, who was bleeding badly.

After attempting to climb a tree, Roberts phoned 911 and staggered back to the parking lot.

Pacer also managed to escape unharmed. He turned up two kilometres away at a friend's house later that day.

"Pacer is my hero," said Roberts, who plans to return to trail-running as soon as possible. "He'll put a chase on a bear or a moose to allow me to continue to run safely. He's a great running partner."

Don't be careless in bear country

Fall season in the bear country can be life threatening. Both black bears and grizzlies are reported to initiate predatory attacks during this season and especially during early to mid-fall when they want to accumulate body fat before going into hibernation to sustain through it.

During my hiking trips in regions of Ontario where black bears flourish, I have observed young couples, young families with children, and even groups, hiking, camping and picnicking without any regards for dangers lurking around. I believe those who choose to be outdoorsy, where an unfriendly encounter with a bear is likely, need to take extra precautionary measures to protect themselves in case of a predatory attack.

Although as you would see all dogs will go beyond the call of duty to protect their humans against an attack by a bear, in this article, I am suggesting that fast running and agile guard dogs that are properly obedience trained can offer better protection. And if you decide on having a dog, two or more dogs are always better guards than one, because they tend to pick courage from the presence of others. Keeping two or even three dogs is not a bad bargain for risky interest of outdoors in bear territory.

The net is replete with comments from hikers who have experienced heroism from their dogs during an encounter with a bear. However, I am drawing conclusion from the following anecdotal evidence:

The hero dog who stood up to a bear

The hero dog who stood up to a bear

Another hero dog story

A man who came face-to-face with a protective mother bear and her two cubs said his dog is the reason he's still alive.

Steve Kirchbaum and his lab mix Henry found themselves in the midst of a family of bears while hiking in Washington National Forest of West Virginia.

"I hear this crack over to the left and I look over there and I see these two small cubs, maybe 30 pounds a piece," Kirchbaum said.

Henry wasn't on a leash, and the 250-pound mama bear attacked Kirchbaum.

"She bit my thigh and knocked me to the ground, and so I am on my back and she is biting my legs," said Kirchbaum.

That's when Henry sprang into the action, coming to his rescue and attacking the bear. That gave Kirchbaum just enough time to pick up a rock and fight the angry mama bear off.

"I hit her in the head with the rock kinda right here in this region (hitting his head)," said Kirchbaum. "I didn't want to hurt her, just wanted her to stop biting me."

The mama bear did stop, and Kirchbaum and his dog then hiked three quarters of a mile to the car and drove to a nearby market for help.

A similarity with a childhood incident

I was in my early teens when my parents let us siblings have our first dog – a Welsh corgi/spits cross, probably 20 inches at its withers, but lithe and agile. A friend of mine, who had a mid-size mutt of his own, and I got into the healthy activity of walking our dogs in the nearby wilderness of our small town early evening.

One day when we were negotiating the wild trails as we would do daily, a feral bull appeared from nowhere and charged us. My friend and I tried to outrun him, but to no avail. In all the chaos we decided to let our dogs go free. Lo and behold, they saved us by yapping and attacking the bull from sideways and behind. As soon as the bull would send them off and turn towards us, they would be back on his heels. And when he turned toward the dogs, we would start throwing small pebbles at him from a safer distance. The confrontation lasted for what seemed to be ages. However, the bull finally realized that 4 of us were being too much for him. He lost interest and walked off, our dogs still barking at him.

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Turkish Boz Shepherd

Turkish Boz Shepherd

Recent experience with K2, the Great White Kuvasz

More recently, I have noticed K2 coming to my aid during my lonely hikes when he thought I needed a troubling hiker to show the door.

On the flip side, during a long hike through a farm area in October 2013, fate took a reverse gear on us when two Maremmas livestock guardian dogs came to confront K2 and me suspecting that we would be trespassing their land even though those dogs were nowhere to be seen just prior to our arrival there.

From play to work

My friend's experience

Dogs’ vision is roughly as good as ours, but they have better night vision, peripheral vision and motion detection that can be helpful while hiking in the dark. Their smelling and hearing senses are much better than ours. Their olfactory sense, especially, provides a window to recent past, present and therefore, near future. They can smell presence of a danger much before humans can.

Your dog(s) behaving nervously when outside may well indicate presence of danger lurking nearby.

Two Kuvaszok that warned Kelly of the presence of danger outside.

Two Kuvaszok that warned Kelly of the presence of danger outside.

This happened to my friend Kelly Murray of Barriere, British Columbia. Her kuvaszok incessantly barked and acted extra protective when Kelly was out in her fields and continued barking from inside the home throughout the night. Kelly discovered the next morning that a cougar had spent a major time of the previous day and the whole night hidden in the bushes nearby.

Bulgarian Karakachan dog

Bulgarian Karakachan dog

Polish Tatra

Polish Tatra

Bosnian Tornjak.

Bosnian Tornjak.

Protection Capable Dogs

I believe medium to large-size agile guard dogs that are properly obedience trained can be a deterrent against an attack by a bear.

Let me remind the readers that not all dogs are capable of discouraging a determined bear. I will take the liberty of suggesting that to take on a predatory black bear via harassing mode, you need to have dogs who are “Protection Capable” in that they are adequate size, are agile, have longer legs for adequate running speed, have greater fight drive, and are obedience trained.

At the cost of repetition, I will categorically state that any dog breed or a cross will come to help its human.

However, if you are living in an area where encounters with bears are high then some of the dog breeds and their crosses that come to my mind are those belonging to the group called livestock guardian dogs or LGDs. Turkish Kangal, Akbash, and Anatolian shepherd dog, Central Asian Ovcharka, Caucasian Ovcharka, Bulgarian Karakachan, Serbian Sarplaninac, Bosnian/Croatian Tornjak, Great Pyrenees, Italian Maremma, Polish Tatra, Hungarian Komondor and Kuvasz, etc. and their cross breeds are the examples. I am listing these breeds only because these are active on guard duties in the USA, Canada, and Europe.

Retrievers/hounds with some guardian instinct are a good bet. So are well known protective breeds or their crosses - German Shepherd, boxers, giant Schnauzers, Boviers, Doberman, Dogo Argentino, Karelian bear dog, Russian laika, etc. and similar dogs.

Why agile dogs?

It should be noted that agile and faster dogs are better able to harass an intruder and defend themselves and their charges, humans in this case, by playing smarter, although if a dog gets stupid, it can get gutted with a swipe of bear’s paw.

Please see the video of how wolves harass a bear. Dogs acting similarly can buy valuable time for their humans.

Dog versus grizzly bear.

Dog versus grizzly bear.

Dogo Argentino

Dogo Argentino

Obedience Training

Another attribute of "Protection Capable" dogs is that they are obedience trained.

It is very important that the dogs know to stand by their humans no matter what. The dogs should be trained for not unnecessarily chasing after critters. Presence of well-trained dogs by their humans can be an advanced warning system for presence of a bear nearby, as well as a formidable defense mechanism.

If your dogs are 'Obedience' trained then you have won half the battle already. These dogs are going to remain close by their humans without being on the leash to face off any adversity.

These 3 sarplaninacs are surely going to confront a bear if the latter chooses to come near their human..

These 3 sarplaninacs are surely going to confront a bear if the latter chooses to come near their human..

A dog chases a bear.

A dog chases a bear.

A likely scene in case of a predatory bear attack in fall season

A predatory bear attacks someone within your entourage or yourself when you are at the outer rim of where the main group and the dogs are. The victim is carrying a bear spray and/or a hiking stick. However, the attack is so sudden that the victim doesn't get any time to pull the spray out. The advantage of having protection capable dogs in the group comes forth in that they are the first ones to get to the scene of the attack, harass the attacking bear without actually getting into a physical combat, and divert its attention to buy enough time for the victim and other helpers to put up a better defense.

Having dogs in your entourage just got you that narrow window of time to, say, deploy bear spray.


In view of the anecdotal evidence, I believe that medium to large size, agile, and fast running, dogs that are properly obedience trained can be a deterrent against an attack by a bear. Although a predatory grizzly bear is more than a match for humans and dogs combined, still, one has a better chance with 2-3 protection capable dogs.

What is your opinion? Do you agree with this argument or not? Please share your experience and leave comments in the comments section below.


Suhail Zubaid aka Clark Kent (author) from Mississauga, ON on October 16, 2016:

Hi Marie,

Thank you for reading this article and for leaving a comment. I am increasingly uncomfortable hiking deep in bear and cougar territory for fear of a not so friendly encounter. As a conservationist I like increasing number of large carnivores, but I want to be prepared for any eventuality.

Marie Hurt from New Orleans, LA on October 16, 2016:

Enjoyed reading about some breeds that I have never heard of. Dogs can be real heroes in times of trouble.

Suhail Zubaid aka Clark Kent (author) from Mississauga, ON on October 06, 2016:


In few years, hopefully, you will have Mexican wolves and jaguars calling Arizona home. Presence of protection capable dogs will provide humans and our wild friends a win-win situation.

Btw, those javelinas do seem threatening and a friendly family with couple of LGDs shared some funny stories regarding how they chase away dogs.

Adrienne Farricelli on October 03, 2016:

Luckily, we haven't encountered bears yet here in Arizona, but we have seen javelinas which have been known to attack dogs. So I am always a bit scared of encountering some as I heard some horror stories of them attacking dogs because in the wild, wolves, pumas and coyotes are their natural enemies, and therefore they may attack dogs if they feel threatened to protect their little ones.

Suhail Zubaid aka Clark Kent (author) from Mississauga, ON on September 28, 2016:


Your childhood story is funny, but I do see it happening in our neck of the woods all the time.

You are absolutely correct. That 'Grizzly Man' Timothy Treadwell also thought he was a grizzly expert, yet he lost his life and his girlfriend's life at the hands of a bear that he had no business with (and it was start of the fall season). If I am in a grizzly country, I am taking no chances.


Suhail and K2

Deb Hirt from Stillwater, OK on September 25, 2016:

Nice work, Suhail. Having grown up in the country in Maine, I had very little bear experience, though once, as a child in diapers, my mother grabbed me when I went running off toward a bear cub. Other than that, I never saw one of the black bears of the area. I heard grizzlies are nothing to ever be reckoned with. Yesterday, I saw a youtube video of a former teacher turned bear expert, and cringed. I'm sure that his number will eventually come up, thirty years experience or not.

Suhail Zubaid aka Clark Kent (author) from Mississauga, ON on September 03, 2016:

Thanks for reading and leaving a comment, Linda.

The only unfortunate part of the whole thing is that I am afraid either human(s) or dog(s) or both can still get seriously injured in a fight with a determined predatory bear, especially a grizzly. Therefore, it is the advance warning system that dogs offer that can save the day for all.

Linda Crampton from British Columbia, Canada on September 03, 2016:

This is an interesting and very informative article, Suhail. You've certainly shown that at least some types of dogs can be helpful on a hike in bear country! It's wonderful when dogs protect us, as long as they don't get hurt themselves.

Suhail Zubaid aka Clark Kent (author) from Mississauga, ON on September 03, 2016:

Hi Chris,

Thanks for reading my article and leaving a comment.

There is a remote and outside chance that a bear may attack a human. We can't be demonizing bears for few attacks that have been recorded. For a long time, I was hiking all by myself like you do. But ever since K2 came in my life, I have noticed there are many benefits of keeping dogs. However, if you are traveling a lot, I can tell you for sure that it is not feasible to keep a dog.

Chris Mills from Traverse City, MI on September 03, 2016:

I carry bear spray, but have no dog at this time. I have time still to think about the breed and size. I travel so much and stay in so many different types of housing, that a dog just has not been practical, but I do miss the camaraderie. Thanks for all the great information. Whenever possible, I backpack in bear territory. No bad confrontations yet, but I know they are around. I see their tracks.

Suhail Zubaid aka Clark Kent (author) from Mississauga, ON on September 02, 2016:

Hi Bill,

"but maybe I'm a romantic at heart. :)". That is true, but what you said about dog feels right.

Suhail Zubaid aka Clark Kent (author) from Mississauga, ON on September 02, 2016:


I think Kelly was saved by her dogs that evening. In any case, she is one brave lady.

Suhail Zubaid aka Clark Kent (author) from Mississauga, ON on September 02, 2016:


Thank you very much for reading and leaving an encouraging comment.

Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on September 02, 2016:

Loyal to a fault, give me a dog any old day in any emergency situation. Yes, I do believe dogs will do whatever is necessary to protect their owners....but maybe I'm a romantic at heart. :)

FlourishAnyway from USA on September 02, 2016:

Dogs are so loyal, brave and incredible. This is one more reason to love them. Your friend was fortunate with that cougar.

Dr Mark from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil on September 02, 2016:

We do not have bears in my part of the world, but I did appreciate reading your interesting and well written information here. Thanks.

Suhail Zubaid aka Clark Kent (author) from Mississauga, ON on September 01, 2016:


Thank you for reading the article. You are going to have wolves very shortly in northern California. Well, you have them already visiting on and off, but now the state thinks that northern part can provide them a good habitat.

And you are 100% correct. An angry bear is not to mess with - by humans or dogs.

Norma Lawrence from California on September 01, 2016:

Very good article. Bears are nothing to mess with We do not have them here just raccoons that come to the patio at night. I enjoyed your article very much. Thanks

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