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A brief Description of Dogs as Pets
This idea that man made a friend and companion of an ancient ancestor of the domestic dog and, in exchange for its help in protecting him from wilder animals and in guarding his sheep and goats, gave it a share of his food, a corner in his dwelling, and grew to trust and care for it is not inconsistent with the evidence. Likely, the animal was initially nothing more than a jackal with abnormally tame tendencies or a sick wolf forced by its fellow members of a wild marauding pack to seek refuge in unfamiliar territory. It's not hard to picture the partnership's humble beginnings when the first hunters brought home a litter of defenseless cubs for the women and kids to raise. Dogs who are brought into the home with the intention of being used as toys eventually come to view themselves, and are treated as though they are, family members.
Except for the West Indian Islands, Madagascar, the eastern islands of the Malayan Archipelago, New Zealand, and the Polynesian Islands, canine ancestors may be traced back through history almost everywhere on Earth. For millennia, dogs in the ancient kingdoms of the East and particularly among the early Mongolians were abandoned and left to roam the streets and alleys of cities in packs looking haggard and wolfish, much as they do now. Neither human company nor docility were sought in an effort to tame it. We don't find evidence of any morphological differences in canines until we look at documents from the more advanced civilizations of Assyria and Egypt.
Both the Old and New Testaments refer to dogs with disdain and disdain as "unclean beasts," suggesting that they were not particularly well-liked in Palestine. The only biblical reference to the dog as a recognized companion of man is found in the apocryphal Book of Tobit (v. 16), "So they went forth both, and the young man's dog with them." Even the well-known reference to the Sheepdog in the Book of Job ("But now they that are younger than I have me in derision, whose fathers I would have disdained to set with the dogs of my flock") is not without a suggestion of contempt.
It's hard to imagine that all the different dog breeds share a similar ancestor, given the huge variety in their size, pointiness, and overall appearance. When one considers the dissimilarities between various dog breeds, such as the Mastiff and the Japanese Spaniel, the Deerhound and the trendy Pomeranian, the St. Bernard and the Miniature Black and Tan Terrier, it's hard to believe that they could have all originated from the same ancestor. All dog breeders know how simple it is to develop a variety in type and size by means of careful selection, although the difference is not much larger than that between the Shire horse and the Shetland pony, the Shorthorn and the Kerry cow, or the Patagonian and the Pygmy.
Thinking about how the wolf and the dog are structurally similar is a vital first step toward answering this issue correctly. It may be easiest to see the similarity between the two creatures by comparing their osseous systems (skeletons), as the bones are so similar between the two that a transposition would go undetected.
An average dog has twenty to twenty-two vertebrae in its tail, seven in its neck, thirteen in its back, seven in its loins, three in its sacrum. A total of thirteen sets of ribs—nine true and four false—are present in both dogs and wolves. Each possesses a total of 42 teeth. Each has five fingers in front and four in back, and the common wolf looks so much like a big, hairy dog that a typical description of one may be used to describe the other.
Neither do their routines differ from ours. Wolfs scream loudly by nature, but when confined with dogs, they learn to bark instead. Although mostly a meat eater, he also enjoys veggies and, when he's feeling under the weather, nibbles on grass. During the hunt, a pack of wolves will split into two groups, with one group following the scent of the prey and the other group trying to intercept its retreat. This requires considerable planning and strategy, something that is mirrored by many of our sporting dogs and terriers when they go on group hunts.
An further key similarity between the Canis lupus and the Canis familiars is that both species have a gestation period of 63 days. A wolf gives birth to anywhere from three to nine cubs, and during the first twenty-one days, all of them are completely blind. After two months of nursing, the young can wean themselves and ingest the partially digested flesh that their mother or father have disgorged.
In terms of size, coloring, shape, and behavior, the native dogs of all locations come pretty near to approximating the native wolf of respective regions. There are far too many examples of this crucial circumstance for it to be disregarded as mere coincidence. There is "so remarkable a similarity between the North American wolves and the domestic dog of the Indians," as Sir John Richardson put it in 1829. The only discernible differences are the wolf's larger size and greater power.
It has been argued that the fact that domestic dogs all bark but wild Canidae only howl is the most compelling evidence against the lupine kinship of the dog. The challenge is not as large as it may appear, though, because we know that jackal, wild dog, and wolf pups reared by bitches pick up the behavior quickly. However, domestic dogs who are released into the wild often lose their ability to bark, and some of them never learn.
Therefor, the habit of barking or lack thereof cannot be included as a reason in deciding the question of the dog's ancestry. The obstacle is thus removed, and we are left in a position of agreement with Darwin, who concluded that "it is highly probable that the domestic dogs of the world have descended from two good species of wolf (C. lupus and C. latrans), and from two or three other doubtful species of wolves namely the European, Indian, and North African forms; from at least one or two South American canine species; from several races or species of jackal, and perchance from a few other
This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. It is not meant to substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, or formal and individualized advice from a veterinary medical professional. Animals exhibiting signs and symptoms of distress should be seen by a veterinarian immediately.
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