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5 of the Most Famous Endangered Species

Arslan is a CA, A researcher on various living species specially concerned about Endangered species.



1. The giant panda, (Ailuropoda melanoleuca), also called the panda bear, bearlike animal inhabiting usually bamboo forests in the mountains of central China. Its striking coat of black and white, combined with a bulky body and round face, gives it a fascinating appearance that has endeared it to people worldwide. According to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, less than 1,900 pandas are thought to remain in the wild.

Human destruction of its forest habitat, combined with poaching, has restricted the species to remote fragments of mountain habitat along the eastern edge of the Tibetan plateau in the Chinese provinces of Sichuan, Shaanxi, and Gansu. The total area of these habitats is about 13,000 square km (5,000 square miles), and in recent times periodic mass flowering and die-offs of bamboo have brought starvation to some populations. (Five to 10 years are required for bamboo forests to recover from these natural events.) Since the 1990s China has greatly expanded its conservation efforts, and it now regards the panda as a national treasure.






2. The tiger is one of the largest living cats and a member of the genus Panthera. Its dark vertical stripes on orange fur with a white underside in its appearance.

The tiger is Endangered according to the IUCN Red List. In 2015, the global wild tiger population was estimated to number between 3,062 and 3,948 mature individuals, with most of them living in small isolated pockets. India currently has the largest tiger population. Major reasons for population decline are habitat destruction, fragmentation, and poaching. Tigers are becoming victims of human-wildlife conflict, particularly in range countries with a high human population density.



3.Blue whales are blue-gray in color with lighter gray mottling in the form of large spots, which appear as if they were dabbed on with a huge paintbrush. It is the largest animal known to have ever existed.

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The blue whale was once abundant in nearly all the Earth's oceans until the end of the 19th century. It was hunted almost to the point of extinction by whalers until the International Whaling Commission banned all blue whale hunting in 1966. The IUCN has listed blue whales as endangered as of 2018. It continues to face numerous man-made threats such as ship strikes, pollution, ocean noise, and climate change.

During the first half of the 20th century, the blue whale was greatly reduced in numbers. Populations of blue whales appear to be recovering and are estimated worldwide in between 10,000 and 25,000 animals.


4. The snow leopard (Panthera uncia), is one of the largest living cats. Herders sometimes kill snow leopards to prevent or retaliate against the predation of their domestic animals. Their lives are also threatened by poaching, driven by illegal trades in pelts and body parts used for traditional Chinese medicines. The population of these cats appears to be declining. They've lost at least 20% of their population in two decades as a result. Listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List because the global population is estimated to number fewer than 10,000 mature individuals and is expected to decline. Vanishing habitat, Climate change, raising the average temperature across the snow leopard’s home range and the decline of the cats’ large mammal prey are also contributing factors, which scientists believe will shrink the species' alpine habitat. For these reasons, the IUCN classifies snow leopards as vulnerable to extinction.



5. Gorillas are herbivorous, predominantly ground-dwelling great apes that inhabit the tropical forests of equatorial Africa. There are thought to be around 316,000 western gorillas in the wild, and 5,000 eastern gorillas. Both species are classified as Critically Endangered by the IUCN; all subspecies are classified as Critically Endangered with the exception of the mountain gorilla, which is classified as Endangered. There are many threats to their survival, such as poaching, habitat destruction, and disease, which threaten the survival of the species. However, conservation efforts have been successful in some areas where they live. One possible predator of gorillas is the leopard.

The Gorilla Agreement is the first legally binding instrument exclusively targeting gorilla conservation; it came into effect on 1 June 2008. Governments of countries where gorillas live placed a ban on their killing and trading, but weak law enforcement still poses a threat to them, since the governments rarely apprehend poachers, traders, and consumers that rely on gorillas for profit.


The Giant Pandas

The Giant Pandas

Snow Leopards

Snow Leopards

Blue Whale

Blue Whale

Gorilla

Gorilla

Tiger

Tiger

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